Soldiers from New York: Jewish Soldiers in The New York Times, in World War Two: 1 Lt. Arthur S. Goldstein – April 2, 1945

The name of Second Lieutenant Arthur S. Goldstein (0-558376) appeared in a Casualty List published on May 10, 1945, indicating that he was missing in action in Europe.  Only eleven months later – in an obituary (below) published on April 8, 1946 – was it confirmed and revealed that he was killed in action on April 2, 1945, in Germany.  A member of the 36th Tank Battalion of the 8th Armored Division, his name is commemorated on the Tablets of the Missing at the Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery, Henri-Chapelle, Belgium.

The 36th Tank Battalion After Action Reports for April of 1945 are enigmatic about his fate, only indicating that the Battalion incurred the losses of 1 officer and 5 enlisted men killed, and 3 officers and 33 enlisted men wounded, during that month.  Few specifics are given pertaining to the dates when and locations where most of these casualties occurred, and the mens’ names do not appear in the document.

Consistent with the records of many other American Second World War Casualties who remain “Missing in Action”, the American Battle Monuments Commission’s commemorative record for Lt. Goldstein gives his date of death as April 3, 1946, symbolically reflecting the passage of one year plus one day, from the calendar date on which he was actually killed.

Killed During a Battle In Germany a Year Ago

A Google street view of the Goldstein family’s wartime residence:  200 West 93rd Street, in Manhattan.

Second Lieut. Arthur S. Goldstein, who was reported missing in action on April 28, 1945, was killed during a battle at Neuhaus, Germany, the War Department yesterday notified his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Goldstein, of 200 West Ninety-Third Street.  Lieutenant Goldstein was 22 years old.

A Graduate of Townsend Harris High School, Lieutenant Goldstein was attending City College in 1942 when he entered the Army.  He was a member of Sigma Alpha Mu Fraternity.  In addition to his parents, he leaves two brothers, Richard and Irving, and a sister, Carol.

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Some other Jewish military casualties on Monday, April 2, 1945, include…

Killed in Action

– .ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. –

Abrahams, Samuel, Trooper, 406603
England, Royal Armoured Corps
Mrs. Florence May Abrahams (wife), 26 Oakland Grove, Shepherd’s Bush, London, W12, England
Mr. Henry Abrahams (father)
Born 1915
Hasselt (Kruisveld) Communal Cemetery, Hasselt, Limburg, Belgium – Row C, Grave 3
The Jewish Chronicle 4/20/45
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 54

Berkowitz
, Isaac, T/4, 33054832, Purple Heart

United States Army, 77th Infantry Division, 305th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Meyer Berkowitz (father), 634 Jackson St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Jacob, Pvt. Larry M. and Maurice (brothers), 348 Wolf St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Born 1920
Mount Lebanon Cemetery, Collingdale, Pa. (?)
The Jewish Exponent 10/13/44, 6/8/45
Philadelphia Inquirer 5/27/45
Philadelphia Record 10/4/44, 5/28/45
American Jews in World War II – 511

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Blume, Nathan J., S/Sgt., 42080027, Purple Heart
United States Army, 91st Chemical Battalion
Mrs. Nessie Blume (mother), 517 West 3rd St., Wilmington, De.
Born 1/17/14
Jewish Community Cemetery, Wilmington, De.
American Jews in World War II – 73

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Brids, Martin R., PFC, 31294009, Purple Heart (at Luzon, Philippines)
United States Army, 6th Infantry Division, 1st Infantry Regiment
Mrs. Anna Brids (mother), 55 Broadway, Quincy, Ma.
Born 1924
Manila American Cemetery, Manila, Philippines – Plot F, Row 16, Grave 101
American Jews in World War II – 152

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Danowitz, Jack M., 2 Lt., 0-868103, Flight Engineer, Air Medal, Purple Heart
United States Army Air Force, 20th Air Force, 499th Bomb Group, 877th Bomb Squadron
Mr. Kive Danowitz (father), Betty, Hubert (?), and Samuel (sister and brothers), 1271 Grant Ave., New York, N.Y.
MACR 13763; Aircraft: B-29 42-24650; “Jug Haid II”, “V 2”; Pilot: 1 Lt. Kenneth H. Dustin; 9 crewmen – no survivors
Mount Lebanon Cemetery, Glendale, N.Y. – Block WC, Section 5, Line 24, Grave 22, Workmen’s Circle Society
Casualty List 5/14/45
American Jews in World War II – 295

According to co-pilot Robert B. Merz’s biographical profile at Fold3.com, JUG HAID II was, …”hit with flak from anti-aircraft artillery while over the target area, and crashed in Ituka, near Kawasaki City in the Kanagawa Prefecture of Japan.”

This image of JUG HAID II’s nose art, possibly painted by Jim Howley (from Newark, New Jersey) is from his biographical profile at Sallyann Wagoner’s website (B-29.org) covering the history of the B-29 Superfortress. 

Documentation about Lt. Danowitz’s Missing in Action status includes the following “Record of Casualty”, recorded by and through the efforts of Major David I. Cedarbaum.  This document is one of 78 such records about Jewish casualties compiled by Major Cederabuam, as part of his overall efforts to document the service of Jewish airmen in the 20th Air Force.  He envisioned the postwar creation of a book about this subject.  Unfortunately, this never came to fruition. 

Based on the handwriting, this document seems to have been completed by W.D. Bary on Major Cedarbaum’s behalf.  The text states:  “Lt. Kenneth H. Dustin was the Airplane Commander.  The day prior to their final mission they were on another mission in which they dropped out of formation into danger by circling a plane that had ditched until rescue came for it.  On the April 2nd mission which [was] a night mission, four planes failed to return.  2 collided in the darkness and none were rescued & 2 were battle-damaged over the target & went down.   Conjecture can fashion a picture out of this information, but these are the only facts. – W.D. Bray”

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Dolsky, Jack, Sgt., 16124052, Radio Operator, Air Medal, 5 Oak Leaf Clusters, Purple Heart
United States Army Air Force, 13th Air Force, 5th Bomb Group, 23rd Bomb Squadron
Mrs. Helen D. Bram (sister), 2137 East 70th St., Chicago, Il.
MACR 14289; Aircraft: B-24J 44-70148; Pilot: 1 Lt. William C. Robison; 10 crewmen – no survivors
Tablets of the Missing at Manila American Cemetery, Manila, Philippines
Casualty List 5/11/45
American Jews in World War II – 97

Sergeant Dolsky’s aircraft, piloted by 1 Lt. William C. Robison, vanished on April 2, 1945, after a morning take-off from Green Island, for a strike mission to the Truk Islands.   Ten days later, Major Christopher Goldsbury, Commander of the 72nd Bomb Squadron, recorded that, “Airplane 42-70148 was never seen after take off, and no trace was ever found of either the airplane or its crew.”  Though the MACR records no specific reason for the plane’s loss, the document does mention the presence of, “Severe frontal areas between Green Island and Truk Islands.” 

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Epstein, Sampson M., Pvt., 32675682, Purple Heart
United States Army, 8th Infantry Division, 28th Infantry Regiment
Mr. and Mrs. Morris and Ethel Isaacson (brother in law and sister), 25 Harris St., Rochester, N.Y.
Born Rochester, N.Y., 4/4/23
Stonewood Avenue Cemetery, Rochester, N.Y. – Beth Hamedresh Hagodel Section; Buried 1/16/49
http://www.rootsweb.com/~nymonroe/cem/vets-britton.htm
Casualty Lists 5/3/45, 6/9/45
Rochester Democrat and Chronicle 4/24/45
American Jews in World War II – 303

Ezra, Albert, S 1C, 7077834, Seaman, Purple Heart
United States Navy
Mr. and Mrs. Isaac and Rosa Ezra (parents), Jacob and Louis (brothers), 160 Havemeyer St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 6/4/22, New York, N.Y.
Served in New York National Guard from 1/13/41 to 8/2/41
Tablets of the Missing at Honolulu Memorial, Honolulu, Hawaii
Casualty List 6/7/45
American Jews in World War II – Not listed

Fordham, Samuel Bernard, LAC, 2248679 (in Holland)
England, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve
Mr. and Mrs. Morris and Racheal Fordham (parents), Clapton, London, England
Born 1922
Venray War Cemetery, Limburg, Netherlands – V,F,13
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 196

Glassman, William, PFC, 33122472, Purple Heart (Pacific Theater)
United States Army, 242nd Engineer Combat Battalion
Mrs. Miriam Glassman (wife), 2600 Briggs Ave., New York, N.Y.
Casualty List 5/31/45
Tablets of the Missing at Honolulu Memorial, Honolulu, Hawaii
American Jews in World War II – 322 (?)

Goldstein, Jacob, PFC, 32963601, Purple Heart
United States Army, 25th Infantry Division, 161st Infantry Regiment
Mrs. Rebecca Goldstein (mother), 483 Hopkinson Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Mr. Max Goldstein (brother), 1607 Prospect Place, Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 1914
Manila American Cemetery, Manila, Philippines – Plot F, Row 12, Grave 27
Casualty List 5/3/45
American Jews in World War II – 328

Goldwater, James J., PFC, 36299626
United States Army, 382nd Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion
Mr. Myer Goldwater (father), 1235 Superior Ave., Sheboygan, Wi.
Born 1923
Manila American Cemetery, Manila, Philippines – Plot J Row 11, Grave 72
American Jews in World War II – 584

Harar, Mordechai Shimon, Pvt., PAL/11401
England, Pioneer Corps
Died in Israel from illness
Ramleh 1939-45 Memorial, Ramleh, Israel
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 246, as “Hahar, Sh. M.”; CWGC as “Harar, Mordechai Shimon”

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Herstam, Gordon Alan, Ensign, 0-164083, Navigator, Purple Heart
United States Navy, USS Goodhue
Killed by a Japanese suicide plane while acting as beach-master
Mr. and Mrs. Nathan and Lillian G. Herstam (parents), 2583 Overlook Road, Cleveland Heights, Oh.
Mrs. Ruth (Herstam) Goettinger (sister)
Born 1924
Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va. – Section 34, Grave 4369
Cleveland Press & Plain Dealer, April 22 & 23, 1945, March 22, 1949
American Jews in World War II – 489

This photo of Ensign Herstam’s matezva is by FindAGrave contributor Michael [Randy] Walsh

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Katz, Harry, PFC, 32410987 (Pacific Theater)
United States Army, 242nd Engineer Combat Battalion
Mrs. Lena Katz (mother), 9 Roberg Place, Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 1914
Tablets of the Missing at Honolulu Memorial, Honolulu, Hawaii
Casualty List 5/29/45
American Jews in World War II – 358

Lebhar, Jacques, Soldat (AC 21 P 72422), Croix de Guerre (at Belheim, Germany)
French Army
“In spite of a violent bombardment which had put horses and a large part of his section out of action, he gave care to his wounded comrades, and carried his severely wounded Section Chief under a heavy burst of fire.  Returning to his post at the moment when the Chief himself was wounded, he reassured his comrades and kept them in order by telling them: “Those who remain, at my command.” / Fallen gloriously at the Battle of the Somme.”
(Malgre un violent bombardement qui avait mis hors de combat kes cadres et une grosse partie de sa Section, à donne des soins à ses camarades blessés et transporté sur son dos, sous une rafale intense, son chef de Section grièvement blessé.  Revenu à son poste au moment où le Chef se Section lui-même était blessé, a rassuré ses camarades et les maintenus en ordre en leur disant: “Ceux qui restant, à mon commandement.” / Tombé glorieusement à la bataille de la Somme.)
23eme Infanterie, 9eme B.M.I.

Born Oran, Algeria, 4/30/19
Place of burial unknown
Livre d’Or et de Sang – 158

Levin, Mota Veniaminovich (Левин, Мота Вениаминович), Technician-Lieutenant [Техник-Лейтенант], Technician (Flight) [Техник Звена]
U.S.S.R., Military Air Forces – VVS, 311th Assault Aviation Division, 925th Assault Aviation Regiment
Mrs. Anna Veniaminovna Ginsburg (sister)
Born 1918

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Levy, Jules, 2 Lt., 0-2057961, Navigator, Air Medal, Purple Heart, 10 missions
United States Army Air Force, 20th Air Force, 497th Bomb Group, 869th Bomb Squadron
Mrs. Rose Levy (mother), 1342 East 18th St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 12/18/21, Brooklyn, N.Y.
Selman Field 44-G
MACR 13764; Aircraft: B-29 42-93883; Pilot: 1 Lt. Edwin F. Dietzel; 11 crewmen – no survivors
Tablets of the Missing at Honolulu Memorial, Honolulu, Hawaii
Casualty List 5/9/45
American Jews in World War II – Not listed

The crew of B-29 42-93883 (nickname – if it had one – unknown) – lost during a mission to Tokyo – have never been found.  As recorded in the MACR, the “Aircraft took-off at 2100, 2 April 1945, Saipan, and was never seen or heard from since.”

Perhaps – supposition, on my part – the aircraft crashed at sea.

The photographic portrait below – of Lieutenant Levy – is one of 21 such images featured in Noah and Sadie G. Finkelstein’s 1951 book, Memorial Album – Dedicated to the Boys of the 20th Air Force

Akin to the report about Lt. Danowitz’s (above), Major Cedarbaum created a report covering Lt. Levy, as reported by Chaplain Hangse.  With no information about the plane and crew, the report simply states, “Bombing mission to Tokyo.  Did not return, no one saw it or heard from it, and no further information has ever been received.  Place of casualty is unknown.”

Biographies of the servicemen accompanying the photographic photographs in the Finkelstein’s book.  Typically written by the serviceman’s parents and (understandably; naturally; humanly) somewhat hagiographical, they are invaluable in terms of genealogy, and, in the way they invoke the aura of the 1930s and 1940s.  Jules’ biography, written by his mother, is presented below:

JULES LEVY

(December 18, 1921 – April 2, 1945)

Had Jules Levy lived his normal life-span, his absorbing passion for music, with special emphasis on the art of piano playing, would eventually have guided his career.  To understand the underlying motives in a young man’s mind and heart which stir him to creative tasks is to understand the main-springs of his character, and the finest tribute that can be paid to Jules’ memory is the attempt to picture those creative strivings in him.

He was born in Brooklyn. N.Y. on December 18, 1921.  There he graduated from Public School 197, James Madison High School, and religious school at Temple B’nai B’rith.  He studied music at City College, and later did clerical work for the government in Washington before entering the service.

He was promoted from the ranks to receive flying training and graduated from Salem Field as a navigator on a B-29. He was lost April 2, 1945, after having flown ten missions.  He had earned the Purple Heart Award.

His mother reveals that he was essentially of a reserved nature with an inner refinement, and very normal with respect to his liking of sports and other activities.  His letters home reflected a certain wisdom beyond his years, no doubt, from the grim experiences that the boys at the front encountered in their day to day living – with the unknown always a very present factor.  Throughout it all, however, Jules did not forget his real interest in life, his real passion – music, and he allowed himself the luxury, mental and spiritual, of dreaming what would be after the war.

Jules’ thoughts about music were not only creative, but they were mature.  He knew that we do not live by bread alone.  The fact that millions were fighting for something – different things to different men – was proof that each man needed to believe in some living principle.  Justice, democracy and those related concepts, were some of the things men believed in and fought for, even as he.

Beyond that, for Jules, were the creative things identified with music.  Music, like the other arts, opened up new worlds for humanity, and set standards by which to live as well.  He did not live to fulfill himself in this field, but at least he knew what he wanted, and what he wanted is a fitting memorial to the fine spirit which he possessed.

He is survived by his mother Rose Levy and a sister

______________________________

Liebgott, Jean (AC-21P-76880) (at Plobsheim, Bas-Rhin, France)
France, Armée de Terre, 2eme Bataillon de Chasseurs
Tué au combat
France, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Jouef
Born 8/2/02
Place of burial unknown

Lorber, Lawrence M., PFC, 35059641, Purple Heart
United States Army, Americal Division, 182nd Infantry Regiment
Mr. and Mrs. Harry and Myrtle Lorber (parents), 1103 Parkwood Drive, Cleveland, Oh.
Mrs. Mildred Cohn (sister)
Born 1925
Place of burial – unknown
http://www.clevelandvetsmemorial.org/GCVM_Honor_Roll_Profile.asp?Infantry Division=1679
Cleveland Press, May 9, 1945, August 30, 1948
American Jews in World War II – 494

Mantell, William, M/Sgt., 12061488, Purple Heart (on Okinawa)
United States Army
Mr. Leon Mantell (father), “Clair, Gertrude, and Sam”, 1446 President St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 1913
Place of burial – unknown
Casualty List 5/28/45
New York Times Obituary Memorial Section 3/31/46, 4/6/47
American Jews in World War II – 387

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Marcus, Joseph, S/Sgt., 39284367, Radio Operator, Air Medal, Purple Heart
United States Army Air Force, 13th Air Force, 5th Bomb Group, 23rd Bomb Squadron
Mrs. Sadie T. Marcus (mother), 1302 Gordon St., Hollywood, Ca.
Born 8/7/23
MACR 14252; Aircraft: B-24M 44-41853; Pilot: 2 Lt. Arthur M. Zipse; 11 crewmen – no survivors
Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery, San Diego, Ca. – Section I, Grave 192; Buried 4/27/50
American Jews in World War II – 49

S/Sgt. Marcus’ Liberator, piloted by 2 Lt. Arthur M. Zipse, vanished during an observation flight to the northwest sector of the Negros Island, in the central part of the Philippine archipelago.   As reported in MACR 14252, at 1400 / I, the aircraft was contacted by two F4U Corsairs of Marine Air Group 14 while in the area assigned for the mission – Negros Island – and at that time, was not in difficulty.  Forty-five minutes later, at 1445 / I, the plane was again contacted by MAG 14 F4Us, with Lt. Zipse reporting that his destination was Bacolod, the capital city of Negros Island.  

Two hours later, at 1600 / I, MAG 14’s fighters were unable to make contact with the Liberator.   

Though the MACR sheds no further light on the fate of the crew, a record at FindAGrave for navigator 2 Lt. Donald C. Schwerin reveals more about the aircraft’s fate:  “For some time after the crewmen were reported missing in action, hope was maintained that eventually they might be found alive on an isolated south Pacific island.  It was discovered later, however, that the plane had crashed into a mountain in what was then Japanese held territory.  All the crewmen had been killed.”

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Marks, Delbert Harold, 2 Lt., 0-34916, Fighter Pilot (Test Pilot)
United States Marine Corps, 9th Marine Air Wing, Marine Air Group 91, Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Maryland
Aircraft: F4U-1D Corsair, Bureau Number 80771; Crashed near Nickle Mine, Lancaster, Pa.
Mr. Sol Marks (father), Cpl. Seymour Marks and Miss Shirley Marks (brother and sister), 12325 Saint Clair Ave., Cleveland, Oh.
Born 1921
Place of burial unknown
Cleveland Press & Plain Dealer, April 4 & 7, 1945
American Jews in World War II – 494

Marshak, Lawrence, PFC, 563809, Purple Heart
United States Marine Corps, 6th Marine Division, 4th Marine Regiment, 3rd Battalion, L Company
Mr. Sam Marshak (father), 180 East 40th St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Place of Burial Unknown
Casualty List 6/15/45
American Jews in World War II – 389

Mosbacher, Stephen Sigmund, S/Sgt., 35554027, Silver Star, Purple Heart
United States Army, 8th Armored Division
Dr. and Mrs. Emil and Rose Mosbacher (parents), 617 Eleanor Ave., Cleveland, Oh.
Born Nurnberg, Gemany, 1923
Aufbau 4/27/45, 5/18/45
Netherlands American Cemetery, Margraten, Netherlands – Plot I, Row 11, Grave 9
American Jews in World War II – 495

Nirenberg, Alvin Harold, S 2C, 7140825, Seaman
United States Navy, Ammunition Ship (name unknown)
Mr. and Mrs. Nathan and Ruth Nirenberg (parents), 29 Park Ave., Mount Vernon, N.Y.
Mr. Leon Veeder (cousin), New Rochelle, N.Y.
Born 1926
Mount Hebron Cemetery, Flushing, N.Y. – Block 51, Reference 14, Section F, Line 11, Grave 6 – Nova Radomsker Society
Mount Vernon Daily Argus 4/5/45
American Jews in World War II – 400

Rosenberg, Bernard, SM 3C, 8099343, Signalman, Purple Heart
United States Navy
Mr. Sam Rosenberg (father), 273 Amboy St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Tablets of the Missing at Honolulu Memorial, Honolulu, Hawaii
Casualty List 5/29/45
American Jews in World War II – Not listed

Schiff, David, PFC, 42058131, Bronze Star Medal, Purple Heart
United States Army, 97th Infantry Division, 387th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Morris Neidich (friend), 449 Powell St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Tablets of the Missing at Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery, Henri-Chapelle, Belgium
Casualty Lists 5/18/45, 1/16/46
American Jews in World War II – Not listed

Scholem, Dan, Driver, PAL/30212
England, Royal Army Service Corps, Number 2, Commando
Mr. and Mrs. Hugo and Marianna Scholem (parents), Brussels, Belgium
Born 1924
Ravenna War Cemetery, Piangipane, Ravenna, Italy – IV,C,1
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 156, 258, as “Sholem, Dan (Robert)”; CWGC as “Scholem, Robert”

Schreer, Schlomo, Pvt., 16727
England, Palestine Regiment, 1st Battalion
Ravenna War Cemetery, Piangipane, Ravenna, Italy – IV,C,2
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 156, 257, as “Shrier (Shrir), Shlomo” and “Screer, S”; CWGC as “Schreer, S.”

Schwartzstein, Georges (AC-21P-153111)
France, Francs Tireurs et Partisans Français
Concentration camp; Décédé en deportation (Mauthausen, Austria)
From Paris, France
Born 7/10/19

Sigal, Isaak Peysakhovich (Сигал, Исаак Пейсахович), Guards Senior Lieutenant [Гвардии Старший Лейтенант]
U.S.S.R., Red Army, 379th Guards Heavy Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment, Military Unit / Military Post 29867
Commanding Officer – Communications
Born 1921
Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Volume VIII – 478 [Книги Памяти еврееввоинов, павших в боях с нацизхмом в 1941-1945 гг – Том VIII 478]

Wohlauer, Wolf Hans, T/5, 39699670, Purple Heart (in Germany)
United States Army, 8th Infantry Division, 49th Armored Infantry Battalion
Mrs. H.S. Wohlauer (wife), 1141 South Cochran Ave., Los Angeles, Ca.
Born 1914
Netherlands American Cemetery, Margraten, Holland – Plot D, Row 10, Grave 16
American Jews in World War II – 57

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Second Lieutenant Norman Dubb and First Lieutenant Edward M. Rudofsky were the navigator and co-pilot of B-29 44-69752 (“T square 15“), an aircraft of the 873rd Bomb Squadron of the 498th Bomb Group (20th Air Force) which was commanded by 1 Lt. William E. Filbert.  The aircraft’s loss is covered in MACR 13761, which includes the enigmatic statement, “Aircraft AAF # 44-69752 left this station at approximately 2100, 1 April 1945 on a bombing mission over Tokyo, Japan.  At time of this report the aircraft is 12 hours overdue.  No information whatsoever has been received from the aircraft since its departure.”

The aircraft disappeared during a mission to Tokyo, having been shot down by anti-aircraft fire.   There were no survivors from the crew of 11.  Information about the bomber’s loss (and similar records concerning other American warplanes lost over Japan) can be found at aomorikuushuu.jpn.org

The crew was buried in collective grave 322 (seen below, in an image by KCK, in Section 81 of the Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery, on January 19, 1949.

Dubb, Norman, 2 Lt., 0-702155, Navigator
Mr. and Mrs. Henry and Lillian (Kasan) Dubb (parents), 4642 Saint Elmo Drive, Los Angeles, Ca.
Born in Maryland, in 1919
American Jews in World War II – Not listed

Rudofsky, Edward M., 1 Lt., 0-795484, Co-Pilot, Air Medal, Purple Heart
Mrs. Louise G. Rudofsky (wife), 309 East 34th St., Savannah, Ga.
Casualty List 5/14/45
American Jews in World War II – 89

This photo of Lt. Rudofsky, provided by Louis Zacks, appears in his biographical profile at the National World War II Memorial website.

______________________________

Prisoner of War

Spivack, Maxwell, PFC, 12110922 (in Germany)
United States Army, 9th Infantry Division, 60th Infantry Regiment
POW – Camp unknown
Mr. Martin Spivack (father), 241 East Moshulu Parkway, Bronx, N.Y.
Born 1924
Casualty List 5/27/45
American Jews in World War II – 452

Wounded in Action

Davis, Jack, Sgt., C/125033
Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps
Mr. Leon Davis (father), 3259 West 10th Ave., Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Born Vancouver, British Columbia, 10/12/18
Canadian Jews in World War II – Part II: Casualties – 92

Goldstein
, Julius, T/5, 33177105 (at Kerama, Okinawa)

United States Army
Mr. and Mrs. Jacob and Rose Goldstein (parents), 2630 S. 9th St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Born 1912
The Jewish Exponent 7/6/45
Philadelphia Record 6/26/45
Philadelphia Bulletin 6/26/45
American Jews in World War II – 525

Panitz, Irwin Arthur, S 1C, 7121120, Seaman, Purple Heart
United States Navy, USS Henrico
WIA; Experienced multiple burns; Returned to duty
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Jack and Cecile Panitz (parents), 1432 Crotona Park East, Bronx, N.Y.
Born 1925
American Jews in World War II – 403

Weiss, Leonard, Sgt., 33085239, Purple Heart (in Germany)
United States Army
Mrs. Betty E. Weiss (wife), 632 S. 55th St. (or) 5127 Whitaker Ave., Philadelphia, Pa.
Born 1920
The Jewish Exponent 5/4/45
Philadelphia Inquirer and Philadelphia Record 4/28/45
American Jews in World War II – 559

Wolf, Robert Raymond, Pvt., 563969, Purple Heart
United States Marine Corps, 3rd Marine Division, 9th Marine Regiment, 3rd Battalion, K Company
Mr. John Wolf (father), 11 Vreeland Ave., Passaic, N.J.
American Jews in World War II – 259

Other Incidents

Returned after aircraft landed in Soviet-controlled territory…

Robin, William H., S/Sgt., 14132611, Flight Engineer, Air Medal
United States Army Air Force, 15th Air Force, 454th Bomb Group, 739th Bomb Squadron
Aircraft landed at Pecs, Hungary; Presumably returned, with fellow crewmen, to American forces via Soviet Military
Mrs. Rose Robin (mother), 241 Cherokee Road, Nashville, Tn.
MACR 13475; Aircraft: B-24L 44-49927; Pilot: F/O George R. Buitts; 10 crewmen – all survived
American Jews in World War II – 568

According to a massive database compiled by the Soviet Transports research team (specifically, “Western-Built Aircraft in Soviet & Eastern Block Service” (March 2017)) intact B-24L 44-49927 eventually – (unsurprisingly!) – passed into Soviet Air Force service.  The plane probably served in the 25th Aviation Regiment – Long Range (25 АП ДД) at Balbasovo (an air base in Belarus) which was redesignated the 203rd Aviation Regiment (203 АП) in December of 1945.  

Last known sighting of a still-missing fighter pilot…

Rosenbloom, Sidney Eugene, 2 Lt., 0-2059842, Fighter Pilot, Air Medal
United States Army Air Force, 15th Air Force, 325th Fighter Group, 318th Fighter Squadron
Mrs. Harriet Selma (Silverstein) Rosenbloom (wife)
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Joshua and Bessie Rosenbloom (parents), 1235 North Hanley, St. Louis, Mo.
Born Saint Louis, Mo., 8/10/22; Died 9/18/11
Name appears in MACR 13641
Made last known sighting of Capt. Harry A. Parker (son of Mrs. Hannah (Craig) Parker, 8 Grove St., Milford, N.H.), who was flying P-51D 44-14462, “Albemarie Pippin”, during a strafing mission to vicinity of Vienna, Austria
Capt. Parker is listed on the Tablets of the Missing at Florence American Cemetery, Florence, Italy.  He received the Silver Star and Purple Heart
American Jews in World War II – 215

References

Chiche, F., Livre d’Or et de Sang – Les Juifs au Combat: Citations 1939-1945 de Bir-Hakeim au Rhin et Danube, Edition Brith Israel, Tunis, Tunisie, 1946

Dublin, Louis I., and Kohs, Samuel C., American Jews in World War II – The Story of 550,000 Fighters for Freedom, The Dial Press, New York, N.Y., 1947

Finkelstein, Noah and Sadie G., Memorial Album – Dedicated to the Boys of the 20th Air Force, Noah and Sadie G. Finkelstein, Los Angeles, Ca., 1951

Morris, Henry, Edited by Gerald Smith, We Will Remember Them – A Record of the Jews Who Died in the Armed Forces of the Crown 1939 – 1945, Brassey’s, United Kingdom, London, 1989

Canadian Jews in World War II
– Part II: Casualties, Canadian Jewish Congress, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 1948


Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Volume VII
[Surnames beginning with all letters of the alphabet], Maryanovskiy, M.F., Pivovarova, N.A., Sobol, I.S. (editors), Union of Jewish War Invalids and Veterans, Moscow, Russia, 2002

South African Jews in World War Two, Eagle Press, South African Jewish Board of Deputies, Johannesburg, South Africa, 1950

 

Soldiers from New York: Jewish Soldiers in The New York Times, in World War Two: PFC David E. Glatter – February 12, 1945

One theme among many in this ongoing series of posts about Jewish military casualties of the Second World War – whose obituaries appeared in The New York Times – is that these news items typically pertain to casualties incurred from late 1944 through the war’s end, in 1945.

In that sense, this post – for Private David E. Glatter of Brooklyn – is no exception.

A member of the 1255th Engineer Combat Battalion of the 6th Cavalry Group, David was one of the battalion’s eleven soldiers who lost their lives (51 others having been wounded) on February 12, 1945, during the liberation of Vianden, Luxembourg.

These soldiers are commemorated by a memorial located at the “View Point” of Vianden Castle, the text of a plaque there (shown below) reading:

VETERANS OF THE 1255TH COMBAT ENGINEERS
HONOR THE MEMORY OF
JACK BENDER              DAVID GLATTER
NATHAN CORLEY           EDWARD GRIFFIN
CYREL EVANOW            MARION HANSON
IRA GAMBILL                 CHARLES NANCE
VINCENT GAMBINO       HAROLD SMITH
WILLIAM TIFF
WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES ON FEBRUARY 12, 1945
AT VIANDEN
SI HUN D’LIEWE GELOOSS FIR D’FRAIHEET
                                                     FEBRUARY 12, 1995

News items about David appeared in The New York Times (below) on September 25, 1945, and, the Oswego Palladium Times on 9/29/45.

Hero Died of Wounds Suffered in Luxembourg

PFC David E. Glatter, son of Mr. and Mrs. Harry H. Glatter of 921 Washington Avenue, Brooklyn, died Feb. 14 of wounds suffered two days before in military operations in Luxembourg.  He was 19 years old.

For heroic achievement on Feb. 12 in Luxembourg he received posthumously the Bronze Star Medal.  During bitter fighting in the town of Vianden, the citation said, for a part of the time he stood alone on the river bank and delivered telling fire on a group of the enemy only 100 yards away.  On another occasion, when his platoon was pinned down by a German machine gun, he took his automatic rifle into the street and made a bold effort to silence the enemy gun.

Before entering the Army two years ago he was a student at Oswego State Teachers College and represented the school at inter-scholastic debates.

______________________________

A 2017 Google Street View of the Glatter family’s wartime residence: 921 Washington Avenue, in Brooklyn.

David is buried at the Long Island National Cemetery, in Farmingdale, N.Y. (Section J, Grave 13890)  A photograph of his matzeva, by Ronzoni, appears below.  His name appears on page 322 of American Jews in World War II

______________________________

Some other Jewish military casualties on Monday, February 12, 1945, include…

Killed in Action

– .ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. –

Epstein, Frank H., Sgt., 32143761, Purple Heart
United States Army, 38th Infantry Division, 152nd Infantry Regiment
Mrs. Elizabeth Hewson (mother), 15 Morgan St., Rochester, N.Y.
Mrs. Irving Acker, Mrs. Arnold Van Scooter, and Mrs. Evelyn Epstein (sisters); Eugene T. Oliver (?)
Born 1916
Manila American Cemetery, Manila, Philippines – Plot D, Row 6, Grave 38
Rochester Democrat and Chronicle 3/24/45
American Jews in World War II – Not Listed

Goldberg, Sydney, Pvt., S/14679732 (in Northwest Europe)
England, Royal Army Service Corps
Mr. and Mrs. Mark and Esther Goldberg (parents), Cricklewood, Middlesex, England
35 Warwick Lodge, Shoot-up Hill, London, NW2, England
Born 1926
Reichswald Forest War Cemetery, Kleve, Germany – 45,E,15
The Jewish Chronicle 4/27/45
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 92

______________________________

Greenfield, Alvin, ARM 3C, 7084420, Aviation Radioman, Purple Heart
United States Navy, Patrol Squadron VP-130
Mr. Jesse Greenfield (father), 303 Berriman Road, Brooklyn, N.Y.
Aircraft: Lockheed PV-1 Ventura, Bureau Number 49464; Pilot: Lt. Richard V. Umphrey; 6 crewmen – no survivors
Tablets of the Missing at Manila American Cemetery, Manila, Philippines
Casualty List 4/1/45
http://www.dtic.mil/dpmo/
http://www.vpnavy.org/vp2_1945.html
American Jews in World War II – 335

The document below (from Fold3.com), from VP-130’s War Diary for February of 1945, covers the loss of Lieutenant Umphrey’s Ventura.  Like innumerable Allied aircraft lost during the Second World War, no wreckage or crewmen were ever recovered, and no definitive cause of the plane’s loss could ever be determined.  However, the entry does suggest that, “The most likely possibilities are that either engine trouble resulted in a forced landing at sea, or the plane was shot down in the Zamboanga area, on the southwest tip of Mindanao, where there was a known concentration of AA.”  (Anti-Aircraft)

Besides Aviation Radio Man Greenfield, the crew (their towns and cities of residence, as listed in the 1946 publication Combat Connected Naval Casualties, World War II, by States. 1946. U. S. Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard) consisted of the following:

Umphrey, Richard Vern Lt. – Iola Marie Umphrey (wife), Route 17, Box 1390, Milwaukie, Or.
McCaslin, James Walter Ens. – Mollie McCaslin (mother), Box 471, Chillicothe, Tx.
Banks, Auckland Marston AOM3C – Ethel Elizabeth Banks (mother), 3205 Plymouth Court, Tampa, Fl.
Dillon, O.M. ARM3C – Anna Elizabeth London (mother), 1400 Evans Ave., Fort Worth, Tx.
Murie, Louis Arnold AMM2C – John Murie (father), 73 South Adolph St., Akron, Oh.

______________________________

The three maps below, from Google Maps, show the presumed location of the aircraft’s loss at successively larger scales. 

This map shows the island of Borneo, and the Philippine archipelago.  Though not labeled on this map, Zamboanga, at the southern tip of Mindanao, is about half-way between the Philippine Islands, and the northeast tip of Borneo, at the “boundary” between the Sulu and Celebes Seas.

“Zooming in” more closely.  Zamboanga – labeled on the map – is west-southwest of Davao.

…and even closer, with Zamboanga at the lower center of the map.

______________________________

Since Lockheed’s PV-1 Ventura is presumably vastly less well known than other World War Two aircraft, such as the B-17 Flying Fortress, P-51 Mustang, or Supermarine Spitfire (assuming that there remains room for any kind of historical memory in the Twitterfied, Facebooked, Snapchatized world of 2018…but I digress…or do I?…!), an image of two PV-1s is shown below.  Though these aircraft are serving in VB-135 in the Aleutian Theater of War (not VP-130, in the Western Pacific) the photo is nonetheless a excellent representative image of the general appearance of the PV-1 – per se.  Apparent are the plane’s radial engines, twin fin and rudder (a la the North American B-25 Mitchell or Handley Page Hampden), dorsal turret mounting twin fifty-calibre Browning machine guns, two further Browning fifties in the upper nose, and, the two-place cockpit.  Not visible is the plane’s bomb-bay, which was capable of carrying bombs or a torpedo.

The picture is from the Warbird Information Exchange, which features a series of superb images of American warplanes in the Aleutians.  The image also appears in Scrivner and Scarborough’s PV-1 Ventura in Action, which notes that the pair of aircraft were photographed in July of 1944, while en route from Paramushiro to Attu.

The number “10” on the forward and rear fuselage is the aircraft’s individual squadron identification number, while the “936” on the rear fuselage – probably in white – is the last three digits of the aircraft’s Bureau Number, “48936”.

______________________________

Hoffman, Harvey S., 1 Lt., 0-1108018
United States Army, 460th Engineer Depot Company
Mrs. Mary K. Hoffman (wife), 45 Tiemann Place, New York, N.Y.
Rhone American Cemetery, Draguignan, France – Plot B, Row 7, Grave 23
American Jews in World War II – 346

Kadison, Saul B., 1 Lt., 0-1304906, Silver Star, Purple Heart
United States Army, 80th Infantry Division, 317th Infantry Regiment
Mrs. Lena Kadison (mother), 1223 Lincoln Place, Brooklyn, N.Y. (Also remembered by “Fae”…)
Luxembourg American Cemetery, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg – Plot E, Row 5, Grave 19
Casualty List 6/10/45
The New York Times Obituary Memorial Section 2/12/46
American Jews in World War II – 353

Kalman, Abraham, Pvt.
1st Czechoslovak Army Corps, Disciplinary Commando
Born Czechoslovakia, Mala Tarna, okres Sevljus; 11/1/19
http://www.army.cz/acr/vuapraha/db/index.php

Laine, Colin, Pvt., 13120129
England, The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment), 2nd Battalion
Mr. and Mrs. Mordecai and Simma Eisland (parents)
Mr. R. Eisland (uncle), New York, N.Y., USA
Born 1923
Taukkyan War Cemetery, Taukkyan, Rangoon, Myanmar – 27,C,11
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 116

Leventon
, Alexandre (AC-21P-75446) (at Mulhouse, Haut-Rhin, France)

France, Armée de Terre, 21eme Régiment d’Infanterie Coloniale
Born Odessa, U.S.S.R., 4/29/21
Place of burial unknown

Libman, Mikhail Aleksandrovich (Либман, Михаил Александрович)
Hero of the Soviet Union
Guards Major [Гвардии Майор], Commander (Artillery) [Командир (Артиллерия)]
U.S.S.R., Red Army, 1st Ukrainian Front, 5th Guards Army, 7th Artillery Corps, 3rd Artillery Division, 637th Light Artillery Regiment, 15th Light Artillery Brigade
(Wounded 9/26/43)
Born 1921, Rostov-on-Don, Rostov Oblast, Soviet Union
Kule Cemetery, Częstochowa, Poland – Grave 21

Libman, Mikhail Aleksandrovich (Wikipedia, at Либман, Михаил Александрович)
Under Fire – 358
Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Volume V – 56

Ozer, Albert Milton, Pvt., 32189224, Purple Heart
United States Army, 34th Infantry Division, 34th Reconnaissance Troop
Mr. and Mrs. Jehile and Anna Ozer (parents), Benjamin and Miriam (brother and sister), 258 Buffalo Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Parents postwar address: 4250 West Flager St., Miami, Fl.
Born 1917
Florence American Cemetery, Florence, Italy – Plot F, Row 3, Grave 28
Casualty List 4/3/45
American Jews in World War II – Not Listed

Raffel, Arthur G., Sgt., 42043388, Purple Heart
United States Army, 94th Infantry Division, 376th Infantry Regiment
Mr. and Mrs. Samuel and Henrietta Raffel (parents), Joseph (brother), 3418 Gates Place, New York, N.Y.
Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Center Moriches, N.Y.; Buried 4/3/49
Casualty List 3/20/45
New York Times Obituary Memorial Section 4/1/49
American Jews in World War II – 409

Robbins, Fred B., T/Sgt., 15104767, Flight Engineer, Air Medal, Purple Heart
United States Army Air Force, 20th Air Force, 6th Bomb Group, 39th Bomb Squadron
Mr. Phil Robbins (uncle), 1901 Alvason St., Cleveland, Oh.
Mrs. Anne C. Robbins (sister-in-law); Florence, PFC Arnold, and David (sister and brothers)
Born 1922
MACR 12049; Aircraft: B-29 42-24842; Pilot: 1 Lt. Bernard A. Casaurang; 11 crewmen – no survivors
Tablets of the Missing at Honolulu Memorial, Honolulu, Hawaii
Cleveland Press & Plain Dealer – 2/28/45, 8/8/45
American Jews in World War II – 497

The Casaurang crew’s Superfortress was not actually lost in combat.  During a sea-search mission, the right wing caught fire after the #4 engine developed mechanical problems.  The bomber crashed into the sea, about 55 miles northwest of the Marianas Islands of Saipan and Tinian.  Other aircraft made extensive searches of the area, but there were no survivors.  

The plane’s crew list is shown below:

______________________________

Rosenheim, Charles Leslie, Major, 172292, Military Cross (in Western Europe)
England, Welch Regiment, 4th Battalion
Mrs. Annelies Rosenheim (wife), Golders Green, Middlesex, England
Wife also at 73 Meadway, London, NW11, England
Mr. and Mrs. Ludwig and Martha Rosenheim (parents), Prestwood, Buckinghamshire, England
Born 1913
Reichswald Forest War Cemetery, Kleve, Germany – 51,F,5
The Jewish Chronicle 2/23/45
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 20, 150
We Will Remember Them (Volume II) – 98

Simpson
, Roger Henry, Major, 160270

England, Royal Artillery, 8th Field Regiment
Mrs. Patricia Simpson (wife), St. Marylebone, London, England
Mr. and Mrs. Emden and Lily (Burton) Simpson (parents)
Born 1912
Taukkyan War Cemetery, Taukkyan, Rangoon, Myanmar – 27,E,16
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 162

Tankelis
, Abel Berovich [Танкелис, Абел Берович] Junior Sergeant [Младший Сержант]
U.S.S.R., Red Army, 16th Lithuanian Rifle Division, Army Trophy [captured enemy equipment] Team

Died of wounds at 80th Autonomous Medical Battalion, Priekule, Latvia
Mr. Ber Tankel (father); Miss Mina Berovich (sister)
Born 1920, in Kursk
Possibly brother of Junior Sergeant [Младший Сержант] David Berovich Tankelis [Давид Берович Танкелис], of 249th Rifle Regiment, 16th Lithuanian Rifle Division
Road to Victory – 304 (gives name and rank as “Tankel, Abel”, “Sgt.”)

Servicemen in Polish People’s Army, during “Operation Pomeranian Wall”

Balasz, Rafael, Pvt. (at 2nd Infantry Division Military Hospital)
Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Jozef Balasz (father)
Born Wilczunk (Siedlce), Poland, 1909
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 5

Bluzer, Aleksander, Pvt. (at Field Hospital 5171, Walcz, Poland)
Polish People’s Army
Mr. Jozef Bluzer (father)
Born 1922
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 99

Fuks
, Dawid, Cpl. (at Miroslawiec, Zachodniopomorski, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Markus Fuks (father)
Komarno, Poland 1929 (?)
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 22

Gerszanowicz
, Leon, Sergeant Major (at Rudki, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 6th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Lazarz Gerszanowicz (father)
Lithuania, Ostrowiec (d. Vilna); 1916
Walcz Military Cemetery, Poland
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 98

Hister
, Gecel, Cpl. (at Zabinek, Zachodniopomorski, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Jakub Hister (father)
Radymno (d. Jaroslaw) [Podkarpackie?], Poland, 1919
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 30

Kujawski
, Michal, WO

Polish People’s Army, 1st Infantry Division
Mr. Szlomo Kujawski (father)
Born 1920
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 42

Ligenberg
, Samek, WO (at Zabieniec, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Szmuel Ligenberg (father)
Poland, Mazowieckie, Warsaw; 1923
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 46

Liport
, Ilia, WO (at Zlotow, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 23rd Heavy Artillery Regiment
Mr. Lazar Liport (father)
Odessa Oblast, Odessa; 1922
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 46

Margules
, Zachariasz, Pvt. (at Borujsk, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Hersz Margules (father)
Chelm (d. Lublin) [Lubelskie?], Poland, 1912
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 101

Orlinski
, Aron, Cpl. (at Miroslawiec, Zachodniopomorski, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Szlomo Orlinski (father)
Poland, Podlaskie, Bialystok; 10/25/13
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 52

Pinczewski
, Jozef, First Sergeant (at Miroslawiec, Zachodniopomorski, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Izrael Pinczewski (father)
Poland, Mazowieckie, Warsaw; 12/13/13
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 54 (Also listed as “Piczewski, Josef”, on page 54)

Schiffer Zeglarski
, Jakub, 2 Lt. (at Rudki, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 16th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Jakub Schiffer Zeglarksi (father)
Rudnik near San (d. Nisko), Poland, 7/23/97
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 61

Spiro
, Mojzesz, First Sergeant (at Wloclawek, Kujawsko-Pomorskie, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 3rd Infantry Division, Disciplinary Company
Mr. Jakub Spiro (father)
Gorlice, Malopolskie, Poland, 1909
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 63

Szakies
, Jan, Pvt. (at Borujsk, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Jan Sazkies (father)
Kabosze (d. Braslaw), Poland, 1913
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 98

Szubert
, Kazimierz, WO (at Nowe Laski (Walcz), Zachodniopomorski, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 6th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Ignacy Szubert (father)
Zaluze (d. Zbaraz), Poland, 1921
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 68

Wizner
, Leopold, Pvt. (at Miroslawiec, Zachodniopomorski, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Jozef Wizner (father)
Oswiecim, Malopolskie, Poland, 1924
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 75

References

Dublin, Louis I., and Kohs, Samuel C., American Jews in World War II – The Story of 550,000 Fighters for Freedom, The Dial Press, New York, N.Y., 1947

Leivers, Dorothy (Editing and Revisions), Road to Victory – Jewish Soldiers of the 16th Lithuanian Division, 1941-1945, Avotaynu, Bergenfield, N.J., 2009

Meirtchak, Benjamin, Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Armies in World War II: I – Jewish Soldiers and Officers of the Polish People’s Army Killed and Missing in Action 1943-1945, World Federation of Jewish Fighters Partisans and Camp Inmates: Association of Jewish War Veterans of the Polish Armies in Israel, Tel Aviv, Israel, 1994

Morris, Henry, Edited by Gerald Smith, We Will Remember Them – A Record of the Jews Who Died in the Armed Forces of the Crown 1939 – 1945, Brassey’s, United Kingdom, London, 1989

Morris, Henry, Edited by Hilary Halter, We Will Remember Them – A Record of the Jews Who Died in the Armed Forces of the Crown 1939 – 1945 – An Addendum, AJEX, United Kingdom, London, 1994

Scrivner, Charles L., and Scarborough, Capt. W.E., USN (Ret.), Lockheed PV-1 Ventura in Action, Squadron / Signal Publications, Carrollton, Tx., 1981

Shapiro, Gershon (Compiler), Under Fire – The Stories of Jewish Heroes of the Soviet Union, Yad Vashem, Jerusalem, 1988

Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Volume V [Surnames beginning with А (A), Б (B), В (V), Г (G), Д (D), Е (E), Ж (Zh), З (Z), И (I), К (K)], Maryanovskiy, M.F., Pivovarova, N.A., Sobol, I.S. (editors), Union of Jewish War Invalids and Veterans, Moscow, Russia, 1998

1255th Engineer Combat Battalion

1255th Engineer Combat Battalion – Traces of War – Memorial 1255th Engineer Combat Battalion (at Tracesofwar.com)

American War Memorials Overseas – 1255th Combat Engineer Battalion Monument (at uswarmemorials.org)

 

Soldiers from New York: Jewish Soldiers in The New York Times, in World War Two: Pvt. Edward A. Gilpin – December 20, 1944

Like many of the war casualties whose obituaries appeared in The New York Times, information about Private Edward A. Gilpin of Manhattan appeared well after the end of the war in Europe: In November of 1945.

Notably, the Times erred in reporting that Pvt. Gilpin was killed in action of the 16th of December, 1944, during the opening day of Germany’s Ardennes Offensive, more popularly known as the “Battle of the Bulge”.  In reality, he lost his life on the 20th of December, as can be seen in this image below (contributed by FindAGrave member Glenn), of his matzeva at the the Long Island National Cemetery (Section J, Grave 14546) in Farmingdale, N.Y.

Though Pvt. Gilpin’s obituary appeared in the Times on November 8, 1945, his name appeared in an actual Casualty List that was published two weeks later, on November 21.

Private Gilpin’s name can be found on page 320 of American Jews in World War II.The image below is a Google street view of the Gilpin family’s wartime residence, at 125 West 16th Street. 

Pvt. Edward A. Gilpin, 30-year-old former organizer for the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, was killed in action in Germany on Dec. 16, 1944 [error], in the Battle of the Bulge, the War Department has informed his widow, Mrs. Reba Gilpin of 125 West Sixteenth Street.  He was attached to a machine gun company of the 112th Regiment, Twenty-Eighth Division.

Private Gilpin was long active in theatrical affairs.  He was graduated from the American Academy of Dramatic Arts here.  He had acted on the stage and in radio shows and had produced and directed various plays in a stock company theatre in Saugerties, N.Y., and at the Roerich Museum here.

Besides his widow, he leaves two children, the Misses Tovia and Margaret Gilpin; his mother, Mrs. Mary Gilpin of Philadelphia; a sister, Mrs. Carl Freedman of Miami, Fla., and a brother, PFC Leonard Gilpin of the Army, now in France.

The image below is a 2016 Google street view of the Gilpin family’s wartime residence, at 125 West 16th Street in New York.

______________________________

Some other Jewish military casualties on Wednesday, December 20, 1944, include…

Killed in Action

– .ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. –

Bass, Robert M., T/5, 33601453, Purple Heart (Lae, New Guinea)
United States Army
Mr. Joseph H. Bass (father), 4613 Conshohocken Ave., Philadelphia, Pa.
Born 1924
Manila American Cemetery, Manila, Philippines – Plot A, Row 5, Grave 58
The Jewish Exponent 8/24/45
American Jews in World War II – 510

Bernstein, Mike, Pvt., A/487
Canada, Royal Canadian Infantry Corps, Irish Regiment of Canada
Mr. and Mrs. Max and Sarah Bernstein (parents), Sgt. Leonard Bernstein (brother), 61 Markham St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Born Toronto, Ontario, 2/16/23
Villanova Canadian War Cemetery, Bagnacavallo, Italy – III,A,5
The Jewish Chronicle 8/10/44
Canadian Jews in World War Two – Volume II, 10

Blank, Sara Rachela Shoshana, Sgt., W/PAL/203880
England, Auxiliary Territorial Service
Ramleh War Cemetery, Ramleh, Israel – W,32
The Jewish Chronicle 1/12/45
We Will Remember Them, Volume 1 – 64, 239

Cohen, Gerald I., Pvt., 36649720, Purple Heart
United States Army, 106th Infantry Division, 423rd Infantry Regiment
Mr. and Mrs. Mark and Helen Cohen (parents), Lawrence (brother), 6622 North Ashland Ave., Chicago, Il.
Born 9/7/24
Westlawn Cemetery, Norridge, Chicago, Il. – Buried 6/13/49
Chicago Tribune 6/12/49
American Jews in World War II – 96

Devor, David, Pvt., B/103198
Canada, Royal Canadian Infantry Corps, Irish Regiment of Canada
Mr. and Mrs. Harry and Kate Devor (parents), John, Sidney, and Berko (brothers), 59 Havelock Ave., Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Born 1924
Villanova Canadian War Cemetery, Bagnacavallo, Italy – II,A,4
Canadian Jews in World War Two – Volume II, 10

Ehrenkranz, William, 2 Lt., 0-925973, Co-Pilot, Purple Heart
United States Army Air Force, 15th Air Force, 455th Bomb Group, 740th Bomb Squadron
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph and Dora Ehrenkranz (parents), 16 Edwin Place, Newark, N.J.

Possibly from Toms River, N.J.
MACR 14245; B-24J (serial number not listed); Pilot: Capt. William J. Stewart, Jr.; 10 crewmen – no survivors
Zachary Taylor National Cemetery, Louisville, Ky. – Section E 229
Casualty List 3/8/45
American Jews in World War II – 231

Lt. Ehrenkranz was the co-pilot of a B-24 Liberator which crashed – due to very poor visibility – eight miles north of San Marco, Italy, while returning from a mission to the Pilsen Skoda Works in Czechoslovakia.  The collective grave includes the following crewmen:

T/Sgt. Robert L. Rausch – Radio Operator (Aurora, Il.)
S/Sgt. Joseph P. Schulte – Flight Engineer (Okmulgee, Ok.)
Capt. William J. Stewart, Jr. – Pilot (Pittsburgh, Pa.)
F/O Harold A. Thompson – Navigator (Detroit, Mi.)

Fortgang, Leo, PFC, 32295977, Purple Heart
United States Army, 77th Infantry Division, 306th Infantry Regiment
Mrs. Sarah Fortgang (mother); Murray Fortgang (brother), 100 Columbia St., New York, N.Y.; Mrs. Carol Sommers (daughter)
Born 1/29/15
Long Island National Cemetery, Farmingdale, N.Y. – Section J, Grave 15584
Casualty List 3/20/45
American Jews in World War II – 312

Glick
, Philip Paul, Pvt., 32944161, Purple Heart

United States Army, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment, K Company
Mr. and Mrs. Jacob and Margaret Glick (parents), Hudson, N.Y.
Born N.Y., 6/29/25
Cedar Park Cemetery, Hudson, N.Y.
Times Union (Albany) – 6/4/46
American Jews in World War II – 322

Goldberger
, Stanley R., PFC, 36633963, Purple Heart

United States Army, 28th Infantry Division, 112th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Alexander Goldberger (father), 3319 West Cullon Ave., Chicago, Il.
Born 1923
Luxembourg American Cemetery, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg – Plot H, Row 12, Grave 65
American Jews in World War II – 100

______________________________

Gross, Samuel (Samuel Yehuda bar Mordechai ha Kohane), Sgt., 33470424, Gunner (completed 6 missions)
United States Army Air Force, 15th Air Force, 484th Bomb Group, 825th Bomb Squadron
Mrs. Edith Gross (wife); Samuel A. Gross, Jr. (son), 5440 Tabor Road, Philadelphia, Pa.
Mr. and Mrs. Max (4/1/53-74) and Pauline (2/5/79-83) Gross (parents), 2655 S. Fairhill St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Born 7/29/22

No Missing Air Crew Report; Aircraft: B-24 Liberator
Mount Sharon Cemetery, Springfield, Pa. – Section K; Buried 11/28/48
The Jewish Exponent 1/26/45
Philadelphia Record 1/19/45
Philadelphia Inquirer 12/26/48
American Jews in World War II – 527

The photos show the matzeva and military grave marker of Army Air Force Sergeant Samuel Gross (Samuel Yehuda bar Mordechai ha Kohane). 

Comparing the information on the grave marker – denoting that Samuel served in the 825th Bomb Squadron of the 484th Bomb Group – with the photographic portrait (in remarkably good condition after seven decades) mounted in Sgt. Gross’ matzeva presents a quandary: 

Samuel’s uniform carries the emblem of the Army’s 13th Armored Division (the Black Cats), rather than the winged “15” of the 15th Air Force. 

Perhaps he was initially attached to the 13th Armored, and then transferred to the Army Air Force?

______________________________

Grossman, Mordecai M., Pvt., 36598374, Purple Heart (Wounded 12/20/44; Died of Wounds 12/23/44)
United States Army, 5th Infantry Division, 11th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Leo Grossman (father), 2688 Glynn Court, Detroit, Mi.
Born 1/3/25
Wayne State University student
Machpelah Cemetery, Ferndale, Mi. – Section L, Lot 16, Grave 503D; Buried 4/26/49
The Jewish News (Detroit) 1/26/45, 2/9/45
American Jews in World War II – 191

The articles below are from the above mentioned issues of The Jewish News, of Detroit.  A transcribed version of Abraham Caplan’s tribute to Mordecai – the ethos of whose life seems strikingly reminiscent of that of Jochanan Tartakower (“The Brief War of An Only Son”) – is presented below.

To Mordecai Grossman

Killed in Action in France
December 23, 1944

BY ABRAHAM CAPLAN

Slacken not the tempo of the Hora,
Though he no longer sets the pace of the dancing.

It was not the dance which so enthralled him;

This whirling of young people was but the token
Of a nation, old so long, coming again into flower.

Tall, broad-shouldered, kerchief around his neck.
His untutored voice singing his beloved Hebrew.

He looked beyond the driving preparatory tasks
Assigned to him by other fervent youths
To fruitful exertions as workman and Halutz
In the land which was sweeter to him than very life.

This restless child of freedom who divined his mission
Hurled himself into the battle at the enemy’s gates
And challengingly fought his war and died
For majestic liberation – Israel’s and the worlds.
_____

Slacken not the tempo of the Hora.
You who knew and greatly loved him.

Remember the sacrifice which daringly he brought
And keep the name of your fallen comrade glowing
With the unabating flame of pure, adoring hearts.

_____________________________

This picture, by KChaffeeB, shows Mordecai’s matezva at Machpelah Cemetery, in Ferndale, Michigan.

GE DIGITAL CAMERA

______________________________

Halperin, Abraham, Pvt., 32905614, Purple Heart
United States Army, 106th Infantry Division, 423rd Infantry Regiment
Mr. Barnett Halperin (father), 1401 Bryant Ave., Bronx, N.Y.
Luxembourg American Cemetery, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg – Plot I, Row 6, Grave 25
American Jews in World War II – 340

Hanzel, Abraham, PFC, R-1764 (Dunkirk, France)
1st Czechoslovak Army Corps, 1st Armored Brigade
Czechoslovakia, Sokolovce, okres Piesany; 10/29/16
Adinkerke Military Cemetery, West Vlaanderen, Belgium – H,10
http://www.army.cz/acr/vuapraha/db/index.php
Zide Československém Vojsku na Západé – 246

Lackovic, Ladislav, Pvt., J-935 (Dunkirk, France)
1st Czechoslovak Army Corps, 1st Armored Brigade
Czechoslovakia, Šarfia, okres Modra; 3/27/18
Adinkerke Military Cemetery, West Vlaanderen, Belgium – H,11
http://www.army.cz/acr/vuapraha/db/index.php
Zide Československém Vojsku na Západé – 246

Laderman, Matthew A., Cpl., 32882335, Gunner (Waist), Air Medal, Purple Heart
United States Army Air Force, 15th Air Force, 459th Bomb Group, 757th Bomb Squadron
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph and Celia Laderman (parents), 25-12 Steinway St., Long Island City, N.Y.
Born 1/12/25
MACR 10691; Aircraft: B-24J 42-51837; Pilot: 2 Lt. Joseph A. Doyle, Jr.; 10 crewmen – 2 survivors
Wellwood Cemetery. Farmingdale, N.Y.
Casualty List 3/29/45
American Jews in World War II – 370

Levy
, Raymond D., PFC, 11048119, Purple Heart

United States Army, 82nd Airborne Division, 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment, C Company
Winthrop, Ma.
Cemetery Location Unknown
http://www.ww2-airborne.us/units/504/504_honor_kl.html
American Jews in World War II – 170

Mand
, Ben, T/Sgt., 32971808, Purple Heart, 1 Oak Leaf Cluster

United States Army, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Previously wounded ~ 10/20/44
Mrs. Sonia Mand (wife), 1450 Parkchester Road, Bronx, N.Y.
Born 1911
Luxembourg American Cemetery, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg – Plot H, Row 4, Grave 25
Casualty List 3/29/45
American Jews in World War II – 386

Masor
, Joseph, Pvt., 42103947, Purple Heart

United States Army, 10th Armored Division, 3rd Armored Tank Battalion
(parents), 108 Oraton St., Newark, N.J.
Born 1914
Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery, Henri-Chapelle, Belgium – Plot E, Row 13, Grave 9
American Jews in World War II – 246

Ojalvo, Leon Joseph, S 1C, 7120266, Purple Heart
United States Navy, LST-359
Mr. Joseph Ojalvo (father), 1476 Wilkins Ave., Bronx, N.Y.

Tablets of the Missing at Brittany American Cemetery, St. James, France
American Jews in World War II – 401

Pilnick
, Eugene, PFC, 12226924, Purple Heart

United States Army, 87th Infantry Division, 347th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Robert Pilnick (father), 376 East 98th St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 10/25/25
Long Island National Cemetery, Farmingdale, N.Y. – Section H, Grave 8616
Casualty List 2/15/45
American Jews in World War II – 405

Reidman
, Samuel, Pvt., 42037464, Purple Heart

United States Army, 101st Airborne Division, 321st Airborne Field Artillery Battalion
Mrs. Beatrice Reidman (wife), 215 Mount Hope Place, Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 1915
Epinal American Cemetery, Epinal, France – Plot B, Row 44, Grave 30
Casualty List 2/22/45
American Jews in World War II – 411

Rosen
, William, Pvt., 32693280, Purple Heart

United States Army, 10th Armored Division, 54th Armored Infantry Battalion
Mrs. Ruth Rosen (wife), 508 Horne Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 1922
Henri-Chapelle Cemetery, Henri-Chapelle, Belgium – Plot F, Row 13, Grave 37
American Jews in World War II – Not listed

Veytsman
, Lev Lazarevich (Вейцман, Лев Лазаревич), Sergeant [Сержант]

U.S.S.R., Military Air Forces – VVS, 109th Riga Red Banner Aviation Regiment – Long Range
Aerial Gunner / Radio Operator
Aircraft: Probably Il-4
Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Volume V – 338
[Книги Памяти еврееввоинов, павших в боях с нацизхмом в 1941-1945 гг – Том V – 338]

Zelmyer
, Milton L., T/Sgt., 31034748, Bronze Star Medal, Purple Heart

United States Army, 77th Infantry Division, 307th Infantry Regiment
Mrs. Sarah Zelmyer (mother), 8 Edgemont Road, Brighton, Ma.
Born 1919
Manila American Cemetery, Manila, Philippines – Plot D, Row 16, Grave 126
American Jews in World War II – 186

______________________________

Lieutenants Kaufman and Silverman were passengers in a C-47A (43-16066) of the Army Air Force’s 815th Base Unit, which crashed 6 miles south of Ironton, Missouri.  Piloted by 2 Lt. James E. Gibson, there were no survivors among the aircraft’s five crew and passengers.  This incident is described in Volume 3 (covering August 1944 through December, 1945) of Anthony Mireles extraordinarily comprehensive Fatal Army Air Forces Aviation Accidents in the United States, 1941-1945.

Kaufman, Julian, 2 Lt., 0-819534, Navigator (flying as passenger)
Mr. and Mrs. Harry A. and Fanny Kaufman (parents); Bernard, Maurice, Mildred, Sheldon, and Stanley (brothers and sister), 921 Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 5/2/22
Beth David Cemetery, Elmont, N.Y. – Section 1, Block 5, Harry & Meyer Kirschenbaum Society – Buried 12/24/44
Brooklyn Eagle 4/28/43
American Jews in World War II – 212, 359

Silverman, Harold, 2 Lt., 0-711037, Pilot (flying as passenger), Purple Heart
Mr. Joseph Silverman (father), 3652 Reading Road, Cincinnati, Oh.
Born Cincinnati, Oh.; 10/11/15
Walnut Hills Cemetery, Cincinnati, Oh. – Section 7, Lot 34, Grave 7
American Jews in World War II – 500

______________________________

Like Lieutenants Kaufman and Silverman, Lieutenant Julian E. Berger and Corporal Stanley Saffer lost their lives during a flying accident in the United States.  Their aircraft, B-24J Liberator 42-109686 of the 112th Army Air Force Base Unit, Squadron E, piloted by 2 Lt. James E. Webster, crashed  2 miles south of Granby, Massachusetts, while on a training mission.  Both airmen, along with bombardier 2 Lt. George E. Bennett of Brockport, New York, jumped from their aircraft in an attempt to parachute to safety, but the three did not survive.  The incident was reported in the Syracuse Herald-Journal, Niagara Falls Gazette, The Knickerbocker News (Albany), and Malone Evening Telegram.

Lt. Webster, his co-pilot, and an aerial gunner were seriously injured when the bomber crash-landed, while four others crewmen received injuries in parachute landings.  Akin to the C-47 mentioned above, the loss of this aircraft is also chronicled in Volume 3 (page 1003) of Anthony Mireles’ massive reference work, Fatal Army Air Forces Aviation Accidents in the United States, 1941-1945. 

Berger, Julian Edwin, 2 Lt., 0-2070237, Bombardier
Mr. and Mrs. William M. and Annie (Reamer) Berger (parents), 2804 Hilldale Ave., Baltimore, Md.
Miss Elaine Berger (sister)
Born 1925
Oheb Shalom Cemetery, Baltimore, Md.; Buried 12/24/44
Baltimore Sun 12/22/44
Jewish Times (Baltimore) 12/29/44
American Jews in World War II – 135

This portrait of Lieutenant Berger appeared in the Jewish Times (of Baltimore) on December 29, 1944.

Saffer, Stanley, Cpl., 12226364, Gunner (Nose Gunner)
Mr. and Mrs. Albert [died 9/13/80] and Della (Forman) [died 9/16/68] Saffer (parents), 200 Marcy Place, Bronx, N.Y.
Patricia Douglas and Steve Saffer (niece and nephew)
Born 1925
Mount Zion Cemetery, Maspeth, N.Y. – Path 18 Right, Gate 4, Grave 43, Rostover Society; Buried 12/24/44
American Jews in World War II – 425

This portrait of Corporal Saffer can be found at his commemorative profile at the Registry of the World War II National Memorial.  The image was donated by his niece and nephew, Patricia Douglas and Steve Saffer.

______________________________

Many names are listed above. 

Even more names – of men taken prisoner by the Germans on December 20, 1944 – are presented below. 

The large number of POWs is attributable to these men (primarily from the famous 28th “Keystone”  Infantry Division) having been captured on the fourth day of the Battle of the Bulge. 

Prisoners of War (United States Army – Ground Forces – European Theater)

Aronowitz, Bernard, Pvt., 42134961, 103rd Infantry Division, 409th Infantry Regiment
Baskin, Jack, Pvt., 35912487, 103rd Infantry Division, 409th Infantry Regiment
Bayarsky, Joseph, S/Sgt., 32248209, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Bernstein, Albert J., PFC, 36014907, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Bloom, Nathan, PFC, 32248834, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Brill, Leonard, Pvt., 32248813, 8th Infantry Division, 28th Infantry Regiment
Epstein, Melvin, Sgt., 42046239
Falstein, Lawrence I., PFC, 36694283, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Feldman, Hyman, Sgt., 31038475, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Flatow, Joseph, Pvt., 32937317, Luxembourg, 110th Infantry Regiment
Fox, Irwin, Sgt., 42044375, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Fried, Philip K., Pvt., 12220163, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Friedman, Arthur, Pvt., 35913924, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Golden, Max, PFC, 42126564, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Goldstein, Jack, Pvt., 32086599, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment, Headquarters Company
Goodman, Julius L., Pvt., 36694176, 4th Infantry Division, 12th Infantry Regiment
Gottlieb, Eli D., PFC, 42045939, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Grainsky, Milton, 2 Lt., 0-1017355
Greengold, Martin, PFC, 32247936, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Gross, Sidney, PFC, 42130690, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Herzstein, Norman J., PFC, 32071886, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Himmelfarb, Solomon, T/4, 32866308, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Horowitz, Aaron, Sgt., 32885417, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Hurwitz, Harlan E., Pvt., 31261986, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Jaffie, Herman, PFC, 32970744, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Kaplan, Frank L., Sgt., 36266213, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Katz, Sam, S/Sgt., 32257570, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment

______________________________


Kimmelman
, Benedict B., Capt., 0-351208, 28th Infantry Division, Headquarters Regiment, Silver Star, Bronze Star medal
Dental Surgeon
POW at Stalag 4B (Muhlberg)
Mrs. Rita (Apfelbaum) Kimmelman (wife); Mark (son), 2930 N. 8th St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Dr. Simon Kimmelman (father), 2127 Pine St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Born Philadelphia, Pa.; 7/20/15 – Died 8/5/99
The Jewish Exponent 3/23/45, 11/30/45
Philadelphia Inquirer 4/24/45, 5/27/45, 6/8/45, 6/14/45
American Jews in World War II – 532

This photo of Captain Kimmelman (incorrectly captioned “Kinnelman”!) appeared in the Philadelphia Bulletin on June 15, 1945

I had the good fortune to meet and interview Doctor (formerly Captain) Kimmelman in January of 1991, concerning his experiences in the Army – “in general” – and as a Jewish prisoner of war of the Germans, in particular.  Our talk touching on a variety of related (and perhaps not-so-related!) topics, as well. 

I hope to present audio files of our conversation in the future.

Until that hopeful moment (!), here is a photo of Dr. Kimmelman in dental school, which I received as a memento of our meeting.

______________________________

Kuttner, Arthur P., Pvt., 42036123, 8th Infantry Division, 28th Infantry Regiment
Leibowitz, Nathan, PFC, 32248777, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Lenetsky, Benjamin, T/4, 33051351, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Levine, Jack E., Pvt., 32903168, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Osterman, Horace, Pvt., 12221283, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Perlman, Julius, PFC, 42131929, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Plushner, Sam, PFC, 42129871, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Pupkin, Saul A., S/Sgt., 32244156, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Rotaple, David, Pvt., 32883105, 4th Infantry Division, 12th Infantry Regiment
Sagat, Milton S., Pvt., 36771506, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Samuels, Jack I., PFC, 35055434, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Schmertzler, Jack, PFC, 42036661, 4th Infantry Division, 12th Infantry Regiment
Schwartz, Melvin, PFC, 32084390, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Segal, Robert, Pvt., 13178319, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Seiden, Morton, PFC, 42093573, 4th Infantry Division, 12th Infantry Regiment
Silvey, Mortimer I., Pvt., 32785612, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Spector, Sidney, Cpl., 32218375
Stern, Paul, T/5, 12110879, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Stresow, Daniel, PFC, 32105789, 4th Infantry Division, 12th Infantry Regiment
Wolinsky, Harry, PFC, 32195287, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Wormser, Donald L., S/Sgt., 32247980, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment

______________________________

Of soldiers captured on December 20, 1944, the eleven men listed below, part of a contingent of 350 men (entirely Privates and PFCs) would, after having been imprisoned at Stalag 9B (Bad Orb, Germany) be segregated from their fellow POWs and sent to a sub camp for American POWs at Berga an der Elster (also known as “Berga-am-Elster”), Germany, known as Arbeitskommando 625.  This event is one of two known incidents in which the Germans separated American Jewish prisoners of war from their fellow POWs.  The group of 350 was comprised of soldiers known to have been Jews (77 men), the remaining 273 having been men with – in the perception and belief of their captors – “ethnic” surnames; individuals who were “trouble makers”; and, soldiers simply arbitrarily chosen to complete the contingent. 

Of the 350 soldiers, 76 did not survive, a fatality rate of 22%.

A similar event – with an altogether different conclusion – occurred at Stalag Luft I, at Barth, Germany, in January of 1945, and involved the segregation of an undetermined number (probably the majority of) the approximately 300 Jewish POWs at that camp.  In the case of Stalag Luft I, however, the Jewish POWs remained at the camp until its liberation by Soviet Troops.    

The ordeal of the 350 POWs at Berga-am-Elster has been covered in two books and one documentary film.

The books – both released in 2005 – are:  Soldiers and Slaves : American POWs Trapped by the Nazis’ Final Gamble, by Roger Cohen and Michael Prichard, and, Given Up For Dead : American GIs in the Nazi Concentration Camp at Berga, by Flint Whitlock.  A review of Whitlock’s book by John Robert White can be found at H-Net Reviews, under the title Fitting Berga into the History of World War II and the Holocaust.  

The documentary, Berga: Soldiers of Another War, was the subject of reviews and discussions by the International Documentary Association (Kevin Lewis – Remembering the POWs of ‘Berga’: Guggenheim’s Final Film Celebrates His Army Unit) and The New York Times (Ned Martel – G.I.s Condemned to.Slave Labor in the Holocaust).  The last project of documentary film-maker Charles Guggenheim, Soldiers of Another War was released in May of 2003, eight months after his death.

The eleven men listed below, all of whom survived captivity, were among the 350:

Blaiss, Amiel L., Pvt., 7008153, 28th Infantry Division, 112th Infantry Regiment
Dantowitz, Philip, Pvt., 11120234, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Fahrer, Samuel, Pvt., 32720856, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment, 1st Battalion, B Company

______________________________

Goodman, Sydney L., Pvt., 36889334, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment, M Company
POW at Stalag 9B (Bad Orb) and Berga-am-Elster
Mrs. Grace K. Goodman (wife), 3250 Calvert St., Detroit, MI. (Townsend 8-9766)
Mr. Nathan Goodman (father)
Born Detroit, Mi., 9/4/17; Died 12/26/05
Casualty List 6/4/45
Jew News (Detroit) 4/6/45, 6/8/45, 1/5/2006
American Jews in World War Two – Not Listed

The image below shows Private Sydney Goodman and his daughter in front of the family home on Calvert Street, well prior to Sydney’s departure for Europe. 

______________________________

Lemberg, Meyer, PFC, 36607755, 28th Infantry Division, 112th Infantry Regiment
Levkov, Harry, PFC, 32262238, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment, 2nd Battalion, Headquarters Company
Lipson, Sidney Jacob, Pvt., 11083155, 28th Infantry Division, 112th Infantry Regiment, L Company
Lubinsky, Sanford Melvin, PFC, 35555186, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment, 2nd Battalion, Headquarters Company
Melnick, Bernard, PFC, 32828896, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment, Cannon Company
Shapiro, William J., Pvt., 42040855, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment
Steckler, Daniel D., PFC, 32961312, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment, M Company

______________________________

A small number of the Jewish Privates at Bad Orb managed to avoid being segregated and sent to Berga-am-Elster, thus remaining at Stalag 9B until the camp’s liberation.  Among these fortunate men was Private Edwin H.J. Cornell (family name originally Cohen) of Rochester, New York, who received the moral support, solidarity, and practical advice of his very good friend Private First Class Frederick Stetler Roys of Michigan.  Also a member of K Company, 110th Infantry Regiment, 28th Infantry Division, Frederick was likewise captured on December 20, 1944.

Cornell, Edwin H.J., Pvt., 42028822, 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment, K Company
POW at Stalag 9B (Bad Orb, Germany)
Mr. and Mrs. Solomon H. and Helen E. Cornell (parents), S1C Harvey B. Cornell (brother), 383 Barrington St., Rochester, N.Y.
Born Rochester, N.Y.; 10/20/22
Casualty List (Liberated POW) 5/11/45
Rochester Times-Union 10/20/43, 5/15/44, 4/19/45
American Jews in World War II – Not Listed

An article in the Rochester Times-Union, on May 3, 1944, showing Edwin, his sister Arlene, and brother in law Sergeant Fred B. Kravetz.

Old Newspapers

Edwin’s portrait, as it appeared in a Rochester Times-Union news item of April 19, 1945, announcing his liberation.   

Edwin 47 years later, in 1992.  He passed away on October 24, 2014.

______________________________

Edwin’s friend, Private Frederick Roys at home in Muskegon, Michigan, prior to being deployed overseas. 

Postwar:  Fred’s marriage to Catherine A. Wrege on November 18, 1945, at Percy Jones Hospital, Calhoun, Michigan.  Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania to Everett and Elfrieda (Stetler) Roys in February of 1925, Fred passed away in Michigan in August of 1994.  Two years before – in 1992 – Fred related his wartime (and postwar) story to me in very (very) great detail.  Perhaps someday I’ll add excerpts of that interview to this post…

______________________________

Wounded in Action

Kane, Morton, Pvt., 42058863, Purple Heart, 1 Oak Leaf Cluster (in Germany)
United States Army, 103rd Infantry Division, 411th Infantry Regiment, A Company
KIA subsequently – on 3/21/45
Mrs. Esther B. Katz (mother), 1273 Clay Ave., Bronx, N.Y.
Born 1924
Casualty Lists 3/12/45, 4/17/45, 4/19/45
American Jews in World War II – 355

Farkowitz, Eugene, PFC, Purple Heart (in France)
United States Army, Armored Division
Wounded previously – ~ 10/20/44
Mr. Adoph Farkowitz (brother), 63-139 Alderton St., Forest Hills, N.Y.
Born Austria, 1915
Butcher in brother’s Manhattan shop
Casualty Lists 12/20/44, 4/12/45
American Jews in World War II – 305

Evaded Capture – Returned to Duty (Circumstances Unknown)

Ginsburg, Howard A., 2 Lt., 0-2056696, Bombardier
United States Army Air Force, 15th Air Force, 455th Bomb Group, 741st Bomb Squadron
Mrs. Anna N. Ginsburg (mother), 609 West Washington St., Chicago, Il.
MACR 10714; Aircraft: B-24G 42-78166, “Rosalie Mae”; Pilot: 1 Lt. Donald L. Bone; 10 crewmen – all survived
American Jews in World War II – Not Listed

References

Dublin, Louis I., and Kohs, Samuel C., American Jews in World War II – The Story of 550,000 Fighters for Freedom – Compiled by the Bureau of War Records of the National Jewish Welfare Board, The Dial Press, New York, N.Y., 1947

Kulka, Erich, Zide Československém Vojsku na Západé, Naše Vojsko, Praha, Czechoslovakia, 1992

Mireles, Anthony J., Fatal Army Air Forces Aviation Accidents in the United States, 1941-1945 – Volume 3: August 1944 – December, 1945, Appendices, Indexes, McFarland & Company Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, 2006

Morris, Henry, Edited by Gerald Smith, We Will Remember Them – A Record of the Jews Who Died in the Armed Forces of the Crown 1939 – 1945, Brassey’s, United Kingdom, London, 1989

Canadian Jews in World War II – Part II: Casualties, Canadian Jewish Congress, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 1948

Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Volume V [Surnames beginning with А (A), Б (B), В (V), Г (G), Д (D), Е (E), Ж (Zh), З (Z), И (I), К (K)], Maryanovskiy, M.F., Pivovarova, N.A., Sobol, I.S. (editors), Union of Jewish War Invalids and Veterans, Moscow, Russia, 1998

Soldiers from New York: Jewish Soldiers in The New York Times, in World War Two: The Gans Brothers – Sgt. Ralph Gans – January 31, 1945


The Second World War was characterized by near-universal military service among the warring nations, either voluntarily, or through conscription.  As such, multiple members of a single family – fathers and sons; sets of brothers – would find themselves wearing the uniforms of their countries, serving in combat or military support duties on land, in the air, or at sea.  Sometimes, this would occur in the same geographic theater of operations; sometimes, even in the same branch of service. 

Sometimes, fate – or God – would cast a favorable face upon a family: All its members would return, and resume their civilian lives in the fullness of time.  Or, like soldiers throughout history, they would be transformed, traumatized, or inspired (often in reinforcing or contradictory combination) by their military experiences, and embark – by decision or chance – upon new and unanticipated paths through life.

Sometimes, God – or fate – would cast an entirely difference “face” upon a family, perhaps manifesting what is known in Hebrew (most notably in the book of Isaiah) as an aspect of “hester punim”.  (Perhaps; perhaps.)  For such a family, the course of life would unalterably, irrevocably altered… 

In that sense, while my prior posts about Jewish soldiers reported upon in The New York Times have by definition covered specific individuals, in 1945, for the Gans family of the Bronx, life indeed took that different course.  The Gans brothers – Ralph (Rafael bar Yaakov) and Solomon (Zalman bar Yaakov) – lost their lives in military service with four weeks of one another, and their loss was covered in the Times on April 17 of that year.

Ralph, born in 1920 and the older of the two, lost his life in England on January 31 under non-combat circumstances while serving with the Ordnance Corps.  Solomon, a Second Lieutenant who had been enrolled at City College, was killed in combat while serving in I Company, 253rd Infantry Regiment, 63rd Infantry Division on January 3. 

The sons of Jacobs and Mary Gans of 494 Claremont Parkway (East 171st St.) in the Bronx, their obituary appeared in the Times on April 17.  They are buried adjacent to one another at Mount Lebanon Cemetery, in Glendale, N.Y. (Workmen’s Circle Society, Block WC, Section 5, Line 28): Solomon in Grave 12, and Ralph in Grave 13.

(While this post covers both brothers, information about other Jewish servicemen is limited to those soldiers who became casualties the same day as Sgt. Gans: January 31, 1945.  As such, a second post will repeat the biographical information (above) about the Gans brothers, and present information about Jewish military casualties on January 3, 1945.)

Bronx Family Loses Its Only Two Sons

War Department notification of the deaths of Lieut. Solomon Gans and T/Sgt. Ralph Gans, only sons of Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Gans of 495 East 171st Street, the Bronx, has been received.

Previously reported missing, Lieutenant Gans, 22 years old, was killed in action in France Jan. 3, while attached to the 253rd Infantry.  He was a graduate of Theodore Roosevelt High School and had completed three years at City College before entering the Army, on June 16, 1943.

Sergeant Gans, 25, died in England on Jan. 31, according to the War Department.  Also a graduate of Theodore Roosevelt High School, he worked for the Noma Electric Company prior to induction.  He entered the Army on Jan. 20, 1942, and was serving with an ordnance battalion at the time of his death.

This image, by S. Daino, shows the matzevot of Ralph and Solomon, at Mount Lebanon Cemetery. 

Some other Jewish military casualties on Wednesday, January 31, 1945, include…

Killed in Action

– .ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. –

Averbakh, Leonid Borisovich (Авербах, Леонид Борисович), Junior Lieutenant [Младший Лейтенант]
U.S.S.R., Red Army, 26th Tank Corps, 25th Tank Brigade
Tank Commander
Born 1908
Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Volume V – 82
[Книги Памяти еврееввоинов, павших в боях с нацизхмом в 1941-1945 гг – Том V – 82]

Benamou, Paul, Sous-Lieutenant, Legion d’Honneur, at Durenentzen, Haut-Rhin, France
France, Armée de Terre, Bataillon de Choc (Nieme)
“At Durenentzen, on 31 January 1945, was one of the first to enter the village at the head of his men.  Hunted the enemy from house to house, to the edge of the church.  Fell gloriously as he reached the last objective assigned to him.”
(A Durenentzen, le 31 janvier 1945 fut un des premiers à pénétrer dans le village à la téte de ses hommes.  Chasse l’ennemi de maison en maison, jusqu’aux abords de l’église.  Tombe glorieusement alors qu’il atteignait le derneir objectif qu’on lui avait assigné.)
Place of burial unknown

Livre d’Or et de Sang – 126-127

Beylin, Yuriy Evseevich (Бейлин, Юрий Евсеевич), Guards Sergeant [Гвардии Сержант]
U.S.S.R., Red Army, 8th Guards Army, 259th Autonomous Tank Regiment
Tank Commander (T-34)
Born 1925
Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Volume IX – 69
[Книги Памяти еврееввоинов, павших в боях с нацизхмом в 1941-1945 гг – Том IX – 69]

Brachman, Max, PFC, 32904506, Purple Heart
United States Army, 9th Infantry Division, 39th Infantry Regiment
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph M. and Rose Brachman (parents), Freida and Min (sisters), Bronx, N.Y.
Born 8/25/11; Father died 12/26/44
Place of Burial – Cedar Park Cemetery, Paramus, N.J.
New York Times Obituary Page Memorial Section 1/31/46
American Jews in World War II – 282

Buschnoff, Frederick M., Pvt., 12221150, Purple Heart (In Belgium)
United States Army
Mr. and Mrs. Emil and Lena Buschnoff (parents), PFC Milton E. and Robert L. Buscnhoff (brothers), 473 West End Ave., New York, N.Y.
Born 1926
Place of Burial – unknown
Casualty List 3/8/45
The New York Times (Obituary Page) 2/14/45, 1/31/47
American Jews in World War II – 287

Cohen, Haskell D., Sgt., 32736088
United States Army, 84th Infantry Division, 335th Infantry Regiment
Mrs. Bessie L. Cohen (mother), 52 Hanover St., Rochester, N.Y.
Born 1926
Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery, Henri-Chapelle, Belgium – Plot E, Row 7, Grave 13
American Jews in World War II – 290

Falk, Mark, Pvt., 13941547
England, British Army, Pioneer Corps
Mrs. Sophie Falk (wife), Merton Park, Surrey, England; Mr. and Mrs. Hersz and Rosa Falk (parents)
Born 1899
Schoonselhof Cemetery, Antwerpen, Belgium – V,B,18
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – p. 267

Grinberg
, Mark Yakovlevich (Гринберг, Марк Яковлевич)

Lieutenant [Pilot (Bomber – Flight Commander) [Командир Звена] Лейтенант]
U.S.S.R., Military Air Forces – VVS, 5th Bombardment Aviation Corps, 640th Bombardment Aviation Regiment
Killed in crash (accident) of A-20G Havoc attack bomber; 3 crewmen – no survivors
Born 1919
Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Volume I – 408
[Книги Памяти еврееввоинов, павших в боях с нацизхмом в 1941-1945 гг – Том I – 408]

Harman, Marvin A., Pvt., 42041845, Purple Heart
United States Army, 78th Infantry Division, 311th Infantry Regiment
Mrs. Ruth C. Heimowitz (mother)
Mr. Sydney N. Craig (uncle), 5606 15th Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 1926
Netherlands American Cemetery, Margraten, Holland – Plot B, Row 21, Grave 14
Casualty List 3/14/45
American Jews in World War II – 341 (Incorrectly gives surname as “Harmin”)

Saperstein, Eugene, PFC, 42007276, Medical Corps, Silver Star, Purple Heart
United States Army, 104th Infantry Division, 413th Infantry Regiment, G Company
Mr. Samuel Saperstein (father), 1204 Fairmount Ave., Elizabeth, N.J.
Born Elizabeth, N.J., 9/3/24
Place of Burial – unknown
Casualty List 3/31/45
American Jews in World War II – 252

Semhoun, Michel Moise, at Guewenheim, Haut-Rhin, France
France, Armée de Terre, 6eme Régiment de Tirailleurs Marocains
Tlemcen, Algeria
Born 2/22/25
Place of burial unknown
Au Service de la France – 147

Wajc
, Jakub, 2 Lt.

Poland, Polish People’s Army, 7th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Benedikt Wajc (father)
Place of burial unknown
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 72

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Three of the servicemen lost this day – Co-Pilot 2 Lt. Bernard “Benny” Jacobs, Radio Operator S/Sgt. Martin Feldman, and Flight Engineer / top turret gunner S/Sgt. Harry J. Ofsa – served in the same air crew.  Members of the 38th (“Sunsetter”) Bomb Group’s 405th (“Green Dragons”) Bomb Squadron (5th Air Force) their B-25J Mitchell (serial number 43-36201), piloted by 2 Lt. James J. Benjamin, was lost during an attack against three Japanese destroyers south of Taiwan.

As reported by Sgt. Walter B. Kuzla in Missing Air Crew Report 13759:

“As this aircraft was starting making its run I noticed a few bursts of ack-ack coming from the destroyer.  I don’t know whether the ack-ack hit the aircraft or it hit the mast but it seemed to wing over and crash into the water and exploded.  [sic]  All four bombs made direct hits on the destroyer.  It is believed that this destroyer sank a few minutes later.”

On March 8, Major Edward J. Maurer, Jr. supplemented the Report with the following information:

“The left engine of Lieutenant Benjamin’s airplane appeared to be burning when the plane was about two hundred yards from a destroyer and immediately afterward the plane exploded and hit hard into the water, the remaining airplanes in the flight then formed in formation and circled the area for signs of any survivors, but it was definitely ascertained that there were none.”

Biographical information about the men is presented below.  Though I have no idea about the number of sorties their crew had completed before January 31, the level of the awards they received (Distinguished Flying Cross, Air Medal, and Purple Heart) suggests – due to the lack of multiple Oaf Leaf Clusters for the Air Medal denoting over 5 missions – that they were a members of a relatively new crew. 

______________________________

Feldman, Martin, S/Sgt., 32903672, Radio Operator, Distinguished Flying Cross, Air Medal, Purple Heart
Mr. Reuben Feldman (father), 588 E. 93rd St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Casualty List 5/10/45
American Jews in World War II – 307

______________________________

Jacobs, Bernard (“Benny”), 2 Lt., 0-815149, Co-Pilot, Purple Heart
Born Somerville, Ma., 8/6/16
Mrs. Sylvia Jacobs (wife), 34 Beale Road, Waltham, Ma.
Casualty List 5/7/45
American Jews in World War II – 165

This image of Lt. Jacobs, provided by Barkas, appears at his FindAGrave profile.

______________________________

Ofsa, Harry J., S/Sgt., 39571347, Flight Engineer, Air Medal, Purple Heart
Mrs. Anita R. Ofsa (wife), Steven (son – YOB 1944), 1319 North Washburn St., Minneapolis, Mn.
Mr. and Mrs. Simon [12/6/87-4/3/39] and Beulah (Bachrach) [5/29/92-52/29/53] Ofsa (parents); Mrs. Doris Jean (Ofsa) Kohn (sister)
Born Williamson, West Viriginia, 3/15/18
American Jews in World War II – 203

From his FindAGrave profile, this image of S/Sgt. Ofsa, provided by Laurie, presumably shows him in pre-war civilian life. 

S/Sgt. Ofsa’s family created a symbolic matzeva in his memory, as seen in this image, provided by Alan Bachrach.  The matzeva is found at Temple Emanuel Cemetery, in Roanoke, Virginia. 

______________________________

This is an excellent representative view (from pinterest) of B-25J Mitchell bombers of the 405th Bomb Squadron, immediately and distinctively indentifiable by their vivid, green “dragon head” nose markings.  The aircraft in the rear, 44-30921, probably (?…) survived the war, as there is no Missing Air Crew Report for the plane, and it does not appear at Aviation Archeology’s  USAF  / USAAF Accident Report database

This is a beautiful example of an original (early 1945) Australian manufactured 405th BS “Green Dragon” squadron patch (from Flying Tiger Antiques), as intended to be worn on aviator’s flying jacket.  In the same way that there were many stylistic variations of the “dragon head” insignia on 405th BS Mitchell bombers, so were there stylistic variations in the squadron uniform patch, other images of which can be easily found.

______________________________

From the Missing Aircrew Report for B-25J 43-36201, the following page presents information about the plane and crew as well as the mission on which they were lost, while the next page gives the crew’s next of kin and home addresses.

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This page, also from MACR 13759, shows – as denoted by a small “x” – the location of the Mitchell’s loss.  The Google map beneath covers the same area in a smaller scale, showing the location of the plane’s loss via Google’s red locator arrow. 

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Prisoners of War

Silverstein, Martin, PFC, 32975882, Purple Heart
United States Army
POW at Stalag 12A (Limburg an der Lahn)
Mr. Benjamin Silverstein (father), 197 Utica Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Mrs. Helen Weiseltheir (?), 901 Carroll St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 1924
Casualty List 4/19/45
American Jews in World War II – 445

Zeiler, Albert I., Pvt., 42130938, Purple Heart
United States Army
POW at Stalag 9C (Bad Sulza)
Mrs. Florence F. Zeiler (wife), 344 New Lots Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Casualty List 5/15/45 (Liberated POW)
American Jews in World War II – 477

Zelman, Paul, Cpl., 33308496
United States Army, 9th Infantry Division, 60th Infantry Regiment
POW at Stalag 12A (Limburg an der Lahn)
Mrs. Miriam Zelman (wife); Barbara Lee Zelman (daughter; YOB 1948), 826 Collins Ave., Pittsburgh, Pa.
Mrs. Bessie Zelmanov (mother), 844 Sheridan Ave., Pittsburgh, Pa.
Born Russia, 3/6/18
Casualty List (Liberated POW) 6/5/45
American Jews in World War II – Not Listed

Wounded in Action

Asch, Clifford M., Trooper, D/143297
Canada, Royal Canadian Armoured Corps
Mr. Michael Asch (father), 3482 Northcliffe Ave., Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Canadian Jews in World War II – Part II: Casualties – 85

Benichou, Albert, Aspirant, Char (Chef de Section), Croix de Guerre, Medaille Militaire, at Village de Durrenentezn, Haut-Rhin, France
France, Armée de Terre, Nieme Battailon de Choc
On the night of 31 January to 1 February 1945, on the attack of the village of Durrenentezn (Haut-Rhin), he brilliantly distinguished himself by pushing his section behind the tanks, securing the capture of 82 prisoners including 2 officers.  Wounded in the action; refused care; retained the command of his section pursuing the fight until the complete annihilation of any enemy resistance at Durrenentezn.  (Dans la nuit du 31 janvier au 1er février 1945, à l’attaque du village de Durrenentezn (Haut-Rhin), s’est brillamment distingué en poussant sa section derrière les chars, réussissant la capture de 82 prisonniers dont 2 officiers.  Blessé dans l’action, a refusé les soins, a conservé le commandement de sa section poursuivant la lutte jusq’à l’anéantissement complet de toute résistance ennemie à Durrenentezn.)
Wounded subsequently, on 4/13/45

Livre d’Or et de Sang – 148, 173

Other Incidents

Aviator – Returned with crew after aircraft last seen heading to Yugoslavia

Dondes, Paul, Cpl., 11100425, Radio Operator, Bronze Star Medal, Air Medal
United States Army Air Force, 15th Air Force, 454th Bomb Group, 739th Bomb Squadron
Mr. Israel Dondes (father), 153 Loomis St., Burlington Vt.
MACR 11831; Aircraft: B-24J 44-41134; Pilot: 2 Lt. Artist H. Prichard, Jr., 11 crewmen – all survived
American Jews in World War II – 576

Aviators – Reported missing, but returned to duty (circumstances unknown)

Mandel, Harold, Sgt., 42059203, Ball Turret Gunner
United States Army Air Force, 15th Air Force, 451st Bomb Group, 724th Bomb Squadron
Mrs. May Mandel (mother), 1842 Anthony Ave., Bronx, N.Y.
MAVR 11830; Aircraft: B-24L 44-49460; Pilot: 1 Lt. Lloyd O. Boots; 10 crewmen – all survived
American Jews in World War II – Not listed

Stein, Leonard, Cpl., 35059185, Flight Engineer
United States Army Air Force, 15th Air Force, 460th Bomb Group, 762nd Bomb Squadron
Mr. Sam Stein (father), 791 East 105th St., Cleveland, Oh.
Born 1924
No MACR; B-24H 41-28805; No other information available
Mentioned in AFHRA Microfilm Roll BO 609, Frame 871
American Jews in World War II – Not listed

References

Bell, Dana (Illustrated by Don Greer, Betty Stadt and Dana Bell), Air Force Colors Volume 3: Pacific and Home Front, 1942-47, Squadron / Signal Publications, Carrollton, Tx., 1997

Chiche, F., Livre d’Or et de Sang – Les Juifs au Combat: Citations 1939-1945 de Bir-Hakeim au Rhin et Danube, Edition Brith Israel, Tunis, Tunisie, 1946

Dublin, Louis I., and Kohs, Samuel C., American Jews in World War II – The Story of 550,000 Fighters for Freedom – Compiled by the Bureau of War Records of the National Jewish Welfare Board, The Dial Press, New York, N.Y., 1947

Freeman, Roger A., Camouflage and Markings – United States Army Air Force, 1937-1945, Ducimus Books Limited, London, England, 1974 (“North American B-25 Mitchell U.S.A.A.F, 1941-1945”, pp. 217-240)

Maryanovskiy, M.F., Pivovarova, N.A., Sobol, I.S. (editors),Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Volume I [Surnames beginning with А (A), Б (B), В (V), Г (G), Д (D), Е (E), Ж (Zh), З (Z), И (I)], Union of Jewish War Invalids and Veterans, Moscow, Russia, 1994

Maryanovskiy, M.F., Pivovarova, N.A., Sobol, I.S. (editors), Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Volume V [Surnames beginning with А (A), Б (B), В (V), Г (G), Д (D), Е (E), Ж (Zh), З (Z), И (I), К (K)], Union of Jewish War Invalids and Veterans, Moscow, Russia, 1998


Maryanovskiy, M.F., Pivovarova, N.A., Sobol, I.S. (editors), Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Volume IX [Surnames beginning with all letters of the alphabet], Union of Jewish War Invalids and Veterans, Moscow, Russia, 2006

Meirtchak, Benjamin, Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Armies in World War II: I – Jewish Soldiers and Officers of the Polish People’s Army Killed and Missing in Action 1943-1945, World Federation of Jewish Fighters Partisans and Camp Inmates: Association of Jewish War Veterans of the Polish Armies in Israel, Tel Aviv, Israel, 1994

Morris, Henry, Edited by Gerald Smith, We Will Remember Them – A Record of the Jews Who Died in the Armed Forces of the Crown 1939 – 1945, Brassey’s, United Kingdom, London, 1989

References – No Author Listed

Au Service de la France (Edité à l’occasion du 10ème anniversaire de l’Union des Engagés Volontaires et Anciens Combattants Juifs 1939-1945), l’Union Des Engagés Volontaires Et Anciens Combattants Juifs, Paris (?), France, 1955

Canadian Jews in World War II
– Part II: Casualties, Canadian Jewish Congress, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 1948

Soldiers from New York: Jewish Soldiers in The New York Times, in World War Two: The Gans Brothers – 2 Lt. Solomon Gans – January 3, 1945

The Second World War was characterized by near-universal military service among the warring nations, either voluntarily, or through conscription.  As such, multiple members of a single family – fathers and sons; sets of brothers – would find themselves wearing the uniforms of their countries, serving in combat or military support duties on land, in the air, or at sea.  Sometimes, this would occur in the same geographic theater of operations; sometimes, even in the same branch of service. 

Sometimes, fate – or God – would cast a favorable face upon a family: All its members would return, and resume their civilian lives in the fullness of time.  Or, like soldiers throughout history, they would be transformed, traumatized, or inspired (often in reinforcing or contradictory combination) by their military experiences, and embark – by decision or chance – upon new and unanticipated paths through life.

Sometimes, God – or fate – would cast an entirely difference “face” upon a family, perhaps manifesting what is known in Hebrew (most notably in the book of Isaiah) as an aspect of “hester punim”.  (Perhaps; perhaps.)  For such a family, the course of life would unalterably, irrevocably altered… 

In that sense, while my prior posts about Jewish soldiers reported upon in The New York Times have by definition covered specific individuals, in 1945, for the Gans family of the Bronx, life indeed took that different course.  The Gans brothers – Ralph (Rafael bar Yaakov) and Solomon (Zalman bar Yaakov) – lost their lives in military service with four weeks of one another, and their loss was covered in the Times on April 17 of that year.

Ralph, born in 1920 and the older of the two, lost his life in England on January 31 under non-combat circumstances while serving with the Ordnance Corps.  Solomon, a Second Lieutenant who had been enrolled at City College, was killed in combat while serving in I Company, 253rd Infantry Regiment, 63rd Infantry Division on January 3. 

The sons of Jacobs and Mary Gans of 494 Claremont Parkway (East 171st St.) in the Bronx, their obituary appeared in the Times on April 17.  They are buried adjacent to one another at Mount Lebanon Cemetery, in Glendale, N.Y. (Workmen’s Circle Society, Block WC, Section 5, Line 28): Solomon in Grave 12, and Ralph in Grave 13.

(While this post covers both brothers, information about other Jewish servicemen is limited to those soldiers who became casualties on the same day as Lt. Gans: January 3, 1945.  As such, the earlier post (about Sgt. Ralph Gans) presented the same biographical information about the Gans brothers as “this” post.  That post included information about Jewish military casualties on January 31, 1945.)

Bronx Family Loses Its Only Two Sons

War Department notification of the deaths of Lieut. Solomon Gans and T/Sgt. Ralph Gans, only sons of Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Gans of 495 East 171st Street, the Bronx, has been received.

Previously reported missing, Lieutenant Gans, 22 years old, was killed in action in France Jan. 3, while attached to the 253rd Infantry.  He was a graduate of Theodore Roosevelt High School and had completed three years at City College before entering the Army, on June 16, 1943.

Sergeant Gans, 25, died in England on Jan. 31, according to the War Department.  Also a graduate of Theodore Roosevelt High School, he worked for the Noma Electric Company prior to induction.  He entered the Army on Jan. 20, 1942, and was serving with an ordnance battalion at the time of his death.

This image, by S. Daino, shows the matzevot of Ralph and Solomon, at Mount Lebanon Cemetery.

Some other Jewish military casualties on Wednesday, January 3, 1945, include…

Killed in Action

– .ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. –

Bank, Louis, PFC, 32117222, Purple Heart
United States Army, 44th Infantry Division, 71st Infantry Regiment
Mr. Sam Bank (father), 2459 East 23rd St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Casualty List 2/22/45
Long Island National Cemetery, Farmingdale, N.Y. – Section H, Grave 10353
American Jews in World War II – 269

Danchik, Samuel, Cpl., 32622948, Purple Heart
United States Army, 100th Infantry Division, 398th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Max Danchik (father), 826 Park Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Mrs. Lillian Danchik (sister in law), 217 Hart St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Mr. Maurice Gherman (friend)
Born 1921
Place of Burial – unknown
Casualty List 2/22/45
American Jews in World War II – 295

Druskin, Zalman, Pvt., at Liepaja (region), Latvia
U.S.S.R., Red Army, 16th Lithuanian Rifle Division, 294th Infantry Brigade
Mr. Shepsel Druskin (father)
Born 1919
Road to Victory, p. 293

Gildenberg, Isaac, Pvt., 42124609, Purple Heart
United States Army, 99th Infantry Division, 394th Infantry Regiment
Mrs. Lena Y. Gildenberg (mother), 386 South 2nd St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 1925
Mount Lebanon Cemetery, Glendale, N.Y. – Block WC, Section 5, Line 24, Grave 5, Society Workmen’s Circle
American Jews in World War II – 320

Gross, Harold J., Cpl., 35280304, Purple Heart
United States Army, 2nd Armored Division, 66th Armored Infantry Regiment
Mrs. Julia Gross (mother), 10511 Greenlawn Ave., Cleveland, Oh.
PFC Lawrence Gross (brother)
Address also 1400 South Kenmore, Los Angeles, 6, Ca.
Born 12/16/17
Place of burial: Los Angeles, Ca.
Cleveland Press & Plain Dealer, February 24 & 25, 1945, October 26, 1948 (at Cleveland Veterans Memorial)
American Jews in World War II – 489

Hafter, Ralph Lewis, EM 1C (Electrician’s Mate 1st Class), 3825644, Purple Heart
United States Navy, Submarine USS Swordfish (SS193)
Mrs. Mae Mary Agnes Hafter (wife), 6922 Southeast Morrison St., Portland, Or.
Tablets of the Missing at Honolulu Memorial, Honolulu, Hawaii
Date of 1/3/45 is conjectural; See the following references:
Account of the loss of the USS Swordfish (at “On Eternal Patrol”)
Account of the loss of the USS Swordfish (by Ed Howard, at Subsowespac.org)
Crew list of the USS Swordfish (at “On Eternal Patrol)
American Jews in World War II – 506

Heymann, Gerhard E., PFC, 32799312, Belgium (Wounded 1/3/45; died same day)
United States Army
Mr. and Mrs. Julius and Hanna (Braun) Heymann (parents), 42-42 Ithaca St., Elmhurst, N.Y.
S2C Werner L. Heymann (brother)
Born Landau in der Pfalz, Germany, 5/8/24
WW II Memorial database gives name as “Gerard”, while Long Island Star Journal gives name as “Gerald”
Tablets of the Missing at Epinal American Cemetery, Epinal, France
Aufbau 2/9/45
New York Times 2/23/45
Long Island Star Journal 2/21/45
American Jews in World War II – Not Listed

Hurwitz, Julius Nathaniel (“Jay”), 2 Lt., 0-698120, Navigator
United States Army Air Force, 20th Air Force, 498th Bomb Group, 875th Bomb Squadron
Mrs. Ruth (Marks) Hurwitz (wife), 560 West Hudson Ave., Dayton, Oh.
Mr. and Mrs. Samuel [1886-1950] and Freeda [1888-1990] Hurwitz (parents), 701 Lexington Ave., Dayton, Oh.Dayton Daily News 11/18/43, 12/3/43
Riverview Cemetery, Dayton, Oh. (at FindAGrave.com)
American Jews in World War II – 490

Julius Hurwitz, originally in training as a pilot at the 63rd Army Air Forces Flying Training Detachment, in Coffee County, Georgia, was presumably reassigned to navigation training. 

Julius and his entire crew were lost on their first combat flight, a bombing mission to port facilities and urban areas of Nagoya, Japan.  Their aircraft, B-29 42-24748 (“T square 42“, piloted by 1 Lt. Richard C. Stickney), the loss of which is covered in MACR 10853, crashed on Anatahan Island, an island in the Marianas about 75 miles north of Saipan. 

As reported in the Stickney crew’s Missing Air Crew Report, “When last contacted [the] aircraft did not report difficulty of any kind,” while the plane did not respond to attempts at radio contact.  Similarly, it is notable that the MACR makes no reference of damage to the aircraft by anti-aircraft fire or enemy fighters, attributing no specific cause for the plane’s disappearance.

According to MACR, the B-29, “…had entered the crater at the Northeast side of the island through the lowest point in the rim of the crater, encircled to the left and crashed head-on into the higher peaks on the Southeast side.  The aircraft exploded and burned and partially buried itself in the mountain side.”

Though the cause of the plane’s loss will be forever unknown, it is notable that the description of Anatahan Island included in the MACR mentions, “…the crater rim rises to an elevation of 2,585 feet.  Inside the rim there is a relatively level grassy area two miles long and one mile wide.  Elsewhere on the island slopes are steep and furrowed by deep ravines.”  Given what seems to have been a controlled descent by T Square 42 into the crater – through the lowest point on the rim – perhaps (perhaps) Lieutenants Stickney and Langdon were attempting to make a controlled landing within the crater.

Well, perhaps…  It is a moot point, now.

______________________________

Information presented in Marianas Air-Sea Rescue Bulletin Number 4, issued in June of 1945, may be based on the knowledge acquired during the search and recovery effort for Lt. Stickney’s crew from March 1 through March 5, 1945.  This 23-page-long document presents information about specific islands within the Marianas archipelago – between Iwo Jima and Saipan – in terms of suitability as locations for ditching, survival, and eventual rescue.  The islands covered comprise Pajaros, Maug, Asuncion, Agrihan, Pagan, Alamagan, Guguan, Sarigan, Anatahan, and Medinlla.  The Bulletin describes each island in detail, presenting topographic maps and panoramic aerial photos for each, concluding with a 3-page-long summary of detailed rules for survival at sea and on land, which lists islands based on whether they are uninhabited, or, sparsely inhabited islands, along with latitude and longitude coordinates. 

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The Bulletin’s map of the relative positions of these islands is shown below:

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The description of Anatahan Island follows below:

Confidential

ANATAHAN.

Jap survivors of small Merchant ships and escapees from SAIPAN make up the total population of 7 to 29, according to native evacuees.  At one time they had 2 heavy machine guns and several rifles which the natives were forced to keep in condition by pressing oil from coconuts.  No natives remain.

With this information in mind, it would be well to choose a spot well away from the NORTHWEST BEACH for any proposed ditching. The SOUTHWEST BEACH, due SOUTH of the high peak on the WEST end of the island, offers the best haven.  Watch out that you don’t come a cropper on the offshore rocks – and there are many.  The boulder beach is not the softest place to land but your rubber raft should cushion the shock.  Once ashore you will find some shelter in the shacks on the beach or in rocky caves.  Coconuts, bananas, papaya and seafood will give you a subsistence mean with such items as the edible flying fox or fruit bat and the giant monster lizards to supplement the diet.   Water in the cisterns MUST be boiled.

Don’t attempt a crash landing or bailout in the crater!  The floor is deceivingly Irregular and highly inaccessible to the outside world!

All in all, ANATAHAN is not a ditching haven and should be bypassed for greener pastures.

______________________________

The topographic map of Anatahan Island – show below – illustrates the seamount’s rugged topography.  (Unfortunately, the contour interval – 50 feet? – 100 feet? – does not appear to be given.)  Strikingly noticeable is the absence of any contours within the volcanic crater.  Perhaps this feature remained unmapped due to the recognition that the terrain within was unsuitable for emergency landing by aircraft. 

This page also includes a panoramic view of the island. 

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This high resolution air photo of Anatahan, at the University of Tokyo’s Earthquake Research Insitute’s website, gives an appreciation of the extremely rugged nature of the currently uninhabited island.

This image of the crater rim, from the Photostream of Southern Methodist University, also reveals the forbidding nature of Anatahan’s terrain. 

Additional information about this incident can be found in the history of B-29 42-24748, at Pacific Wrecks

The image below, from the blog of William C. Atkinson, former radar-navigator in the 874th Bomb Squadron, 498th Bomb Group, shows most of the crew members lost on the mission of January 3. The men (left to right) are the following:

Front Row

AMG – Boyd, Jack L., Sgt.
Gunner – Quinn, John P., Sgt.
Thomas (not on fatal flight)
Gunner (Central Fire Control) – Merriweather, James O., Sgt.
ROM – Haynes, Paul M., Sgt.
Elec. Sp. Gunner – Zeone, Edward M., Sgt.

Rear Row

H.A. Brandt (not on fatal flight)
Pilot – Stickney, Richard C., Jr., 1 Lt.
Co-Pilot – Winslow, Langdon G., 2 Lt.
Bombardier – Thompson, Richard F., 2 Lt.
Navigator – Hurwitz, Julius N., 2 Lt.

Flight Engineer 2 Lt. Howard G. King, Howard G. and Radar Countermeasures operator Sgt. John E. Burns do not appear in the photo.

This photo of Julius’ matzeva, from his FindAGrave biographical profile, is by Mary Downing-Mahan (“gravehunterMary“). 

Melinsky, Abraham, PFC, 31242242, Purple Heart, Medical Corps
United States Army, 26th Infantry Division, 328th Infantry Regiment
Mr. and Mrs. Louis and Jennie Melinsky (parents), 3 Lamont St., Roxbury, Ma.
Born 1915
Luxembourg American Cemetery, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg – Plot G, Row 10, Grave 27
American Jews in World War II – 171

Minsker, Faivel, Pvt., at Mezotne, Latvia
U.S.S.R., Red Army, 16th Lithuanian Rifle Division, 294th Infantry Brigade
Mr. Shmuel Minsker (father)
Born 1919
Road to Victory, p. 293

Pruzan, Murray, T/5, 32992938, Medical Corps (near Phillipsbourg, France)
United States Army, 70th Infantry Division, 275th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Battalion, Medical Detachment
Mrs. Pauline Pruzan (mother), 1446 Carroll St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Mount Judah Cemetery, Ridgewood, Queens, N.Y. – 1-BB2-R09, Wolkovisker Society
Casualty List 9/11/45
American Jews in World War II – Not Listed

Robbins, Lawrence, Cpl., 12049477, Purple Heart
United States Army
Mr. and Mrs. Morris and Helen Rabinowitz (parents), Raymond and Robert (brothers), 325 West 86th St., New York, N.Y.
Born 1924
Acacia Cemetery, Ozone Park, N.Y. – Lots 216-217, Marks Goldstein
Casualty List 3/14/45
The New York Times (Obituary Section) 1/6/46
American Jews in World War II – 414

Roberts, Sidney J., PFC, 12111003, Purple Heart
United States Army, 70th Infantry Division, 275th Infantry Regiment
Mr. and Mrs. Louis and Tillie F. Rabinowitz (parents), 33-21 69th St., Jackson Heights, N.Y.
Born 1924
City College of New York Class of 1945
Epinal American Cemetery, Epinal, France – Plot B, Row 24, Grave 30
Casualty List 2/22/45
Long Island Star Journal 2/21/45
American Jews in World War II – 414

Schaeffer, Samuel, Sgt., 32916161, Aerial Gunner, Purple Heart
United States Army Air Force, 8th Air Force, 801st Bomb Group, 406th Bomb Squadron
Mrs. Rose Schaeffer (mother), 89 Heddon Terrace, Newark, N.J.
Born 2/6/20
MACR 15974, Aircraft: B-24H 42-52650, “Cancer”; Pilot: 1 Lt. Roy L. Hendrix; 10 crewmen – no survivors
Isserman Cemetery, Newark, N.J.
Casualty List 2/22/45
American Jews in World War II – 252

Wasserman, Gerald, Sgt., 32887164, Purple Heart
United States Army, 84th Infantry Division, 335th Infantry Regiment
Mrs. Anna Wasserman (mother), 1506 Boston Road, New York, N.Y.
Born 1925
Long Island National Cemetery, Farmingdale, N.Y. – Section H, Grave 10449
Casualty List 3/8/45
American Jews in World War II – 465

Wolfe
, Marvin L., PFC, 36639407, Purple Heart

United States Army, 63rd Infantry Division, 255th Infantry Regiment, L Company
Mrs. Sylvia Wolfe (mother), 5480 South Cornell St., Chicago, Il.
Born 11/1/23
Westlawn Cemetery, Norridge, Chicago, Il.
American Jews in World War II – 121

Prisoners of War

Cole, Sidney L., 2 Lt., 0-1185213, Purple Heart
United States Army, 776th Field Artillery Battalion
POW at Stalag 4F (Hartmannsdorf-Chemnitz, Germany)
Mrs. Lena Cohn (mother), 79 Shoreham Road, Buffalo, N.Y.
Casualty List (Liberated POW) 6/20/45
American Jews in World War II – 293

Becker
, Meyer D., S/Sgt., 36035573

United States Army, 87th Infantry Division, 346th Infantry Regiment
POW at Stalag 13C (Hammelburg, Germany) (German POW # 98440)
Mrs. Beatrice L. Becker (wife), 6810 East End Ave., Chicago, Il.
Born Illinois, 8/3/17
Casualty List (Liberated POW) 6/12/45
American Jews in World War II – Not Listed

Fine
, Howard L., Cpl., 35077112

United States Army, 70th Infantry Division, 275th Infantry Regiment
POW at Stalag 4B (Muhlberg, Germany)
Mrs. Bessie E. Fine (mother), Route 1, Laura, Oh.
Casualty List (Liberated POW) 6/11/45
American Jews in World War II – Not Listed

Klein
, Leonard, 2 Lt., 0-556880

United States Army, 70th Infantry Division, 275th Infantry Regiment
POW – location of camp unknown
2 Lt. Arthur Klein (brother)
Mr. Charles Klein (father), 109 States Ave., Atlantic City, N.J.
Born 1923
Philadelphia Bulletin 1/30/45
Philadelphia Inquirer and Philadelphia Record (Liberated POW) 5/9/45
American Jews in World War II – Not Listed

Rosen
, Murray, Pvt., 12096956, Purple Heart, 1 Oak Leaf Cluster

United States Army, 70th Infantry Division, 275th Infantry Regiment
POW at Stalag 12F (Forbach Bei Saarbrucken, Germany)
Mr. Jacob Rosen (father), 159 Delancey St., New York, N.Y.
Casualty Lists 4/20/45, 4/24/45, Liberated POW List 5/25/45
American Jews in World War II – 416

Wounded in Action

Applebaum, Herbert, PFC, 33775404, Wounded in Belgium
United States Army
Born 1926
Mr. and Mrs. Harry and Betty Applebaum (parents), 1025 Wagner Ave., Philadelphia, Pa.
Born Philadelphia, Pa., 12/4/25
Jewish Exponent 2/23/45
Philadelphia Inquirer and Philadelphia Record 2/18/45
American Jews in World War II – Not Listed

Novick, Joseph, Pvt., 33467896, Purple Heart, Wounded in Belgium
United States Army
Mr. and Mrs. Isadore and Anna Novick (parents), 924 N. 6th St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Born Philadelphia, Pa., 10/27/21
Philadelphia Record 3/17/45
American Jews in World War II – 541

Lenger, Robert J., Cpl., Purple Heart, Paratrooper
United States Army
Mr. Fred Lenger (uncle), 175-47 Underhill Ave., Flushing, Queens, N.Y.
Pvt. Carl Lenger and Sgt. Joseph Lenger (brothers)
Born Germany, 1919
Casualty Lists 9/21/44, 3/12/45
Long Island Star Journal 3/12/45
American Jews in World War II – 375

Other Incident (An aviator rescued after “ditching” in the Pacific Ocean…)

Lynch, Bertram Gerald, Capt., 0-669240, Bombardier / Navigator
United States Army Air Force, 20th Air Force, 497th Bomb Group, 871st Bomb Squadron
Aircraft ditched on January 3; Five survivors rescued by January 5
Mrs. Shirley (Golden) Lynch (wife), Ross D. Lynch (son), 1934 Spring Drive, Louisville, Ky.
MACR 10901, Aircraft: B-29 42-63418, “A square 50”, “JUMBO – KING OF THE SHOW”; Pilot: Capt. Howard M. Clifford; 11 crewmen – 5 survivors
Chaplain Cederbaum Files at Center for Jewish History, New York, N.Y.
American Jews in World War II – 129

______________________________

Captain Lynch was one of the survivors of the crew of “JUMBO – KING OF THE SHOW”, a B-29 which was ditched northwest of Saipan during the evening of January 3.  Though all crewmen were aboard the aircraft, uninjured, and at their assigned ditching positions at the time of the plane’s water landing, only five men eventually reached life rafts (four crewmen in one, and one in another).  These men were rescued by the USS Grayson on January 5 and 6, respectively. 

As stated in MACR 10901, “Capt. Clifford and crew ditched at 2127Z 3 January 1945 due to engine trouble and lack of gasoline.  Capts. Clifford and Lynch, Lt. Whitely and Sgt. Lodato were picked up 6 miles west of plane at 16 28 N, 144 38 E on 5 January 1945 by the Destroyer Grayson.  Sgt. Smith, who was alone in the raft, was picked up at 16 27 N, 144 19 E at 09 40 K 6 January 1945, by the Destroyer Grayson.  No one was seriously injured.  Capt. Lynch who was slightly injured is being hospitalized.”

“Upon interrogation, the following facts were obtained in regards to the other crew members who are still missing:
Lt. Heiden the co-pilot, was out of the water and last seen hanging on the wing.
Lt. Barnes wasn’t observed.
All the remaining crew members with the exception of Martin, Tail Gunner, are certain to have gotten out.
The search is still being continued.”

As is sometimes encountered in Missing Air Crew Reports covering aircraft lost at sea – where at least some men were rescued – the MACR only lists the next-of-kin and addresses of airmen still missing at the time the Report was actually created. 

Along with Captain Lynch, the survivors were:

Airplane Commander: Capt. Howard M. Clifford
Navigator-Bombardier: 2 Lt. Montford S. Whiteley
Radio Operator: Sgt. Piere V. Lodato
Gunner (Left Blister): Sgt. H.J. Smith, Jr.

Those presumed to have been killed in the ditching (or in the case of Lt. Heiden known to have survived, but not rescued) were: 

Co-Pilot: 2 Lt. Robert L. Heiden
Flight Engineer: 2 Lt. Harold C. Barnes
Radar Operator: Sgt. William R. Fast
Gunner (Central Fire Control): Sgt. Jack F. Estes
Gunner (Right Blister); Sgt. Oscar L. Niece, Jr.
Gunner (Tail): Sgt. Delmas D. Martin, Sr.

The following two images, from MACR 10901, show the crew roster, and next, the list of still-missing crewmen.

These three images (the format of which is doubtless immediately familiar to anyone who has researched MACRs) are post-war Casualty Questionnaires completed by Captain Lynch, and Sergeant Smith, in response to efforts to resolve the status of the missing crewmen. 

Remarkably, images of JUMBO exist in both photographic print (now, JPG) and film (now, MP4) format. 

The print?…  Presented below, is an official Army Air Force picture of the JUMBO’s nose art, which quite appropriately is a baby elephant carrying a bomb in his trunk.  The picture (number A-55324AC / A45730, for those interesting in a visit to the National Archives!) is show below, both in its original appearance as a photographic print attached to an 8 ½ by 11 filing card, and, as a cropped and enhanced digital image. 

The film?…  Show below, is a newsreel (clip # “638274042”) from the Sherman Grinberg Library Collection, credited to Pathe Newreels. at the Getty Image Archive.  With a creation date of December 1, 1944, the location is given as the Northern Marianas Islands.

Fortunately, the Getty Image website presents a complete breakdown of the subject matter in the one-minute-long film, which is listed as follows:

Movie World War II: B-29s and their names

1) Generals Emmett O’Donnell and Haywood Hansell, and, Vice Admiral John Hoover talking together
2) O’Donnell and Hansell walking
3) B-29 “DAUNTLESS DOTTY
4) 3 B-29s on tarmac
5) Crewman paints boxing dog on nose of B-29
6) Other painted B-29s:
6A) “JUMBO – KING OF THE SHOW
6B) Close-up of JUMBO
6C) Close-up of “Miss Behavin
6D) Close-up of “Special Delivery

JUMBO can be seen at the 41 – 53 second interval.

References

Dublin, Louis I., and Kohs, Samuel C., American Jews in World War II – The Story of 550,000 Fighters for Freedom, The Dial Press, New York, N.Y., 1947

Leivers, Dorothy (Editing and Revisions), Road to Victory – Jewish Soldiers of the 16th Lithuanian Division, 1941-1945, Avotaynu, Bergenfield, N.J., 2009

USS Swordfish

Crew list of the USS Swordfish (at “On Eternal Patrol”) http://www.oneternalpatrol.com/uss-swordfish-193.htm

Account of the loss of the USS Swordfish (at “On Eternal Patrol“)

Account of the loss of the USS Swordfish (by Ed Howard, at “Subsowespac.org”)

Julius N. Hurwitz

498th Bombardment Group Information (at “William C. Atkinson” / aka “AKINSOPHT”)

World War II Flight Training Museum and 63rd Army Air Forces Flying Training Detachment (at wwiiflighttraining.org)

The Brief War of An Only Son: PFC Jochanan Tartakower, May 3, 1925 – September 29, 1944


PFC Jochanan Tartakower
32999991
315th Infantry Regiment, 79th Infantry Division
United States Army

“….for the past few years I have been preparing myself mentally for that event,
and now I feel that the hour is coming when I,
in my small way,
will avenge the crimes committed.

And I think in my place, being an infantryman,
I will get my best chance.

I think a lot about the movement and about Aretz;
it is curious how war can influence your thinking,
and being in the army and fighting even more.”

May 3, 1925 (Lodz Poland) – September 29, 1944 (France)
– .ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. –

______________________________

On January 10, 1945, the New York Times published a Casualty List covering the New York Metropolitan area, Northern New Jersey, and Connecticut, which – though by no means the largest Casualty List that appeared in the Times during the war – was staggering in terms of its nominal visual impact, let alone the number of names appearing within it.

The List was extracted from a nationwide Casualty List comprised of 6,178 names, specifically being limited to members of the Army killed and wounded in the European Theater of War.  Like other Casualty Lists that appeared in wartime newspapers, the presentation of information was simple, stark, and straightforward:

Entries were limited to the soldier’s surname, his given (first and middle) names, the name of his next-of-kin (mother; father; wife; friend; aunt; uncle), specific residential address (for soldiers who resided in the five boroughs of New York), while for soldiers from New Jersey or Connecticut, the “address” was limited to his city or town of residence.

Each name on the list represented a person – a world – that extended well beyond the nominal confines of a name, rank, serial number, and military unit.  Each name on the list embodied a past, a brief present, and future that would not be.  Each name on the embodied and symbolized told a unique story.

One of the names on the list was – like many names on the list – for a simple Private First Class.  His name?  Jochanan Tartakower.  His story was markedly – if not dramatically – different from most.

He was born in Poland in 1925, the only child of Dr. Arieh and Malwina Tartakower. 

Dr. Tartakower, a graduate of the University of Vienna with specializations in demography and sociology, had a lifelong involvement in a variety of leadership and academic research positions in Jewish affairs, particularly in the realms of Labor Zionism, aid and assistance for Jewish refugees, and ultimately as Chairman of the Department of Sociology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.  His life was one of idealism, action, and academic research, the last exemplified through the publication of numerous articles and books, the titles of some of the latter being listed in his Jewish Virtual Library and Wikipedia entries.  Born in Poland in 1897, he died in Jerusalem in November of 1982.

______________________________

Dr. Arieh Tartakower, from his Wikipedia entry.

Strikingly, however, neither of the above references, nor his obituary at the Jewish Telegraphic Agency mention his son, Jochanan, the course of whose life – dictated by other forces – took a very different course.

Born in Lodz in 1925, Jochanan reached the United States in 1941, where his father had been residing after the 1939 World Zionist Congress in Geneva.  (The accounts of their journeys differ between The American Hebrew and Aufbau.  Both are presented below – with the latter probably being more accurate.)  Malwina had a far more arduous journey, reaching America only after traveling through the Soviet Union, the Yishuv, and possibly Japan, probably reaching her husband and son in 1943. 

Once in America, Jochanan, who listed his home address as 129 West 85th Street in Manhattan, enrolled in City College, where he studied engineering.

______________________________

The first notice of Jochanan’s death was penned by Max Beer and published in Aufbau on October 27, 1944.  The article and my (approximate!) translation are presented below:

Aufbau

Friday, October 27, 1944

Dr. A. Tartakower – Mitglied der Exekutive des Jüdischen Weltkongresses – und seine Gattin Malwina wurden in diesen Tagen durch das War Department davon verstangt, dass ihr einziger Sohn, der neunzehnjährige Pfc. Jochanan am 29. September in Frankreich “in action” den Tod gefunden hat.  Mit den Eltern trauern alle ihre Freunde um den hochbegabten liebenswerten jungen Mann, der mit Begeisterung in den Krieg zog, als Amerikaner und als Jude.

Jochanan Tartakower, geboren am 3. Mai 1925 in Lodz, war nach einer abenteurlichen Flucht Polen im Jahre 1941 in Amerika eingetroffen, wo sein Vater weilte, nachdem ihn die Invasion Polens im September 1939 auf dem Genfer Zionistkongress uberrascht hatte.  Der Mutter, die der Krieg ebenfalls von ihrem Sohn getrennt hatte, gelang es erst nach vier Jahren, in mühseliger Wanderung uber Russland und Palastina, die Ihren in Amerika wiederzufinden.

Aber die Familie sollte nocht lange vereitn bleiben.  Jochanan, der am City College Ingenieurwissenschaft mit glanzendem Erfolg studierte.  Prasident der Habonim und, wie die Eltern, tif mit hebráischem und judischen Wissen vertraut war, tockte kurze Zeit nach der Ankunft der Mutter in das Heer ein und ging nach Frankreich.

Alle, die den prächtigen, vornehmen jungen Mann gekannt haben, liebten ihn ung sagten im eine glänzende Freunde von Arieh und Malwina Tartakower, die das unermüdliche Wirken des Ehepaares für die Sache des Judentums und der Menschheit kenne, wissen, dass die trotz der schweren Prüfung, die ihnen auferlegt wurde, mit ganzer Seele und mit allen Kräften weiter den Kampf für die grosse Sache führen werden, der ihr Sohn seine Jugend und sein Leben gab.

Max Beer.

Dr. A. Tartakower, a member of the Executive Committee of the World Jewish Congress, and his wife Malwina, were advised by the War Department that their only son, nineteen-year-old Pfc. Jochanan was killed on September 29 in France “in action”.  With the parents, all their friends mourn for the high-spirited, loving young man, who was enthusiastically drawn to war, as an American and a Jew.

Jochanan Tartakower, born May 3, 1925 in Lodz, arrived in America in 1941 – where his father had been staying with the 1939 Geneva Zionist Congress, after the invasion of Poland in September – after an adventurous flight from Poland.  The mother, whom the war had also separated from her son, succeeded only four years later, through toilsome wandering over Russia and Palestine, to find him again in America.

But the family should stay a long time.  Jochanan, who studied engineering sciences at City College with brilliant success.  He was President of Habonim, and acquainted with Hebrew and Jewish knowledge like the parents, a short time after the arrival of the mother, entered the army and went to France.

All those who have known the splendid, distinguished young man loved him, said a brilliant friend of Arieh and Malwina Tartakower, who knew the tireless work of the couple for the cause of Judaism and mankind, that despite the heavy trial which was imposed upon them, will continue the struggle for the great cause, for which her son gave his youth and his life.

Max Beer

______________________________

The next appearance of Jochanan’s name was in The Jewish Chronicle (and Jewish News, of Detroit) on November 3, 1944.  On that day, the Chronicle published a casualty list which included Jochanan’s name, an exception to the Chronicle’s practice of limiting military casualty (and award) lists to names of servicemen specifically in the armed forces of the British Commonwealth.  Jochanan’s name, which appears near the end of the list, was probably included due to his father’s prominence in Jewish affairs.

Information about some of the men in the above list appears below….

Died of Wounds
– .ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. –

Chenovitch, Barnet, Pte., 6150664, Somerset Light Infantry, Suffolk Regiment, 2nd Battalion
Died of Wounds June 7, 1944, Imphal-Kohima, Burma
Mr. and Mrs. Solomon and Yetta Chenovitch (parents), 1 Eastdown House, Amhurst Road, Hackney, London, E8, England
Born 1921
Imphal War Cemetery, India – 1, B, 10
The Jewish Chronicle 11/3/44
We Will Remember Them I – 70

Dubinsky, William Henry, Pvt., H/200121, Royal Canadian Infantry Corps, Calgary Highlanders
Died of Wounds 8/13/44
Mr. and Mrs. Shiyah and Eva (Weinman) Dubinsky (parents), 282 Selkirk Ave. / 222 Pritchard Ave., Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Born in Russia 6/26/14
Bretteville-sur-Laize Canadian War Cemetery, Calvados, France – XII, H, 9
The Jewish Chronicle 11/3/44
Canadian Jews in World War II II – p. 20

Schwartz, William, Gunner, B/138564, Royal Canadian Artillery, 3rd Field Regiment
Died of Wounds 9/4/44
Mr. Sam Schwartz (father), Room 1104, Ford Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Montecchio War Cemetery, Italy – III, B, 16
The Jewish Chronicle 11/3/44
Canadian Jews in World War II II – 20

Trocki, Adolf, 2 Lt., 05336, Polish Army West, Cavalry, 1 Polska Dywizja Pancerna, 10 Brygada Kawalerii Pancernej, 24 Pułk Ułanów im.
Killed in Action 8/16/44
France, Calvados, Jort
Born in Vilno, Poland, 3/24/15
Platoon commander, killed in tank.; Engineer; Information from SGA “Sepultures de Guerre” web site.  Not in SGA “Seconde guerre mondiale” database.; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_Armoured_Division_%28Poland%29
http://home.concepts.nl/~avalphen/lari/lan.t.htm#2566
Cimetiere militaire “Langannerie”, Grainville-Langannerie, Calvados, France – Tombe individuelle, Carre Plot V, Rang A, No. 3 (Initially buried at M.R. 7F/4 246406)
The Jewish Chronicle 11/3/44
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Armies in World War II – 121

Wounded in Action

Abramovitz, Hymie, Pte., B/155273, Royal Canadian Infantry Corps, The Black Watch
Wounded 7/24/44
Mr. Samuel Abramovitz (father), Toronto, Ontario, Canada
The Jewish Chronicle 9/29/44, 11/3/44
Canadian Jews in World War II – 85

Besserman
, Irvin, Pte., B/142219, Royal Canadian Infantry Corps, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment)

Wounded 8/27/44
Mr. and Mrs. Nathan and Bessie Besserman (parents), 64 Montrose Ave., Toronto, Ontario, Canada
The Jewish Chronicle 11/3/44
Canadian Jews in World War II – 10, 86

Blustein
, Philip, Pte., D/86038, Royal Canadian Infantry Corps, Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment

Wounded three times: @ 8/15/43 (Sicily), @ 7/15/44 (Italy), and @ 9/15/44 (Italy)
Mrs. Yetta Blustein (mother), 2195 Wilson Ave., Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Born 1920
The Jewish Chronicle 11/19/43, 11/3/44
Canadian Jews in World War II – 88

Bogo
, Maurice, Gunner, B/21909, Royal Canadian Artillery

Wounded 9/8/44
(Wife), 41 Essex St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada
The Jewish Chronicle 11/3/44
Canadian Jews in World War II – 88

Prisoner of War

Greenblatt, Chanan David, CQMS, B/46386, Royal Canadian Infantry Corps, Argyle and Southern Highlanders
Captured 8/27/44; POW at Stalag 357
Miss S. Greenblatt (sister), 3327 Dundas St., West, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Born in Toronto
The Jewish Chronicle 11/3/44
Canadian Jews in World War II II – 124

______________________________

__________________________________________________

______________________________

Some other Jewish military casualties on Friday, September 29, 1944 – when Jochanan was killed in action – include…

Killed in Action
– .ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. –

Adler, Sheldon L., 2 Lt., 0-820188, Co-Pilot, Air Medal, Purple Heart
Mr. and Mrs. Louis and Minerva Adler (parents), Doris Adler (sister), 38 Fort Washington St., New York, N.Y.
Born 1925
Casualty List 1/25/45
New York Times Obituary section 10/29/44

American Jews in World War II – 264

Dragoon, Samuel, T/Sgt., 12041050, Flight Engineer, Air Medal, Purple Heart
Mrs. Frances R. Dragoon (wife), c/o S. Jaffe, 2000 Vyse Ave., New York, N.Y.
Mrs. Rose Dragoon (mother); T/Sgt. Max Dragoon (brother), 1326 Washington Ave., Bronx, N.Y.
Casualty List 12/15/44
Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh) 9/20/46

American Jews in World War II – 298

(Sergeant Dragoon’s brother, T/Sgt. Max Dragoon, a member of the 60th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division, was killed in action 26 days earlier: On September 3, 1944.  His name appeared in Casualty Lists released on October 8 and November 11, 1944.  Awarded the Silver Star and Purple Heart with one Oak Leaf Cluster, he is buried at the American Cemetery, in Epinal, France – (Plot A, Row 15, Grave 33).)

Sheldon Adler and Samuel Dragoon were crewmen aboard B-24H Liberator 41-29439, “GALLOPIN GHOST” (“6L * K”); of the 787th Bomb Squadron, 466th Bomb Group, 8th Air Force, the loss of which is covered in MACR 15774.  The plane was piloted by 1 Lt. Marshall K. Lewis, and crashed near Lyancourt, France, while returning to its base from a trucking mission to Saint Dizier, France.  According to the MACR, the crash was caused by the simultaneous failure of all four engines: “reason unknown”.  There were no survivors among the aircraft’s six crewmen.  The entire crew – Lt. Adler, T/Sgt. Dragoon, Sgt. Wilbur R. Hain (Observer – from Goodspring, Pa.), 1 Lt. Marshall K. Lewis (Pilot – from Forth Worth, Tx.), T/Sgt. Paul E. Miller (Radio Operator – from San Bernardino, Ca.), and 2 Lt. Herbert F. Minard (Navigator – from Wichita, Ks.) – was buried in a collective plot (Section 82, Grave 125) at Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery, in Saint Louis, Missouri, on October 3, 1949.

______________________________

This excellent image (UPL 7610) of the Ghost’s nose art, from the American Air Museum website, shows the crew of pilot Lt. Dorsey L. Baker (standing at left), who completed 32 missions, 30 with the 784th Bomb Squadron.  (The Ghost was assigned to the 784th (as “T9 * K“) before being allocated to the 787th Bomb Squadron.)

______________________________

This image, also from the American Air Museum website (UPL22744; contributed by Eric Foster), shows four of the airmen who were lost when the Ghost crashed in France on September 29, 1944, as well as other crewmen not aboard the plane on that mission.

Standing, left to right: S/Sgt. Owen Killborn, 2 Lt. Sheldon Adler (co-pilot; KIA 9/29), Lt. Caulk, T/Sgt. Paul E. Miller (radio operator; KIA 9/29), T/Sgt. Samuel Dragoon (flight engineer; KIA 9/29;), 1 Lt. Marshall K. Lewis (pilot; KIA 9/29).  Front row: S/Sgt. Dwight O. Foster, 2 Lt. Herbert F. Minard (navigator; KIA 9/29), S/Sgt. Thomasett, S/Sgt. Albert Spencer.

______________________________

Bloom, Rubin, PFC, 12014488, United States Army, Purple Heart, 1 Oak Leaf Cluster
United States Army, 9th Infantry Division, 39th Infantry Regiment
(Wounded previously – @ 8/27/44)
Mrs. Rose Bloom (mother), 1746 Bathgate Ave., Bronx, N.Y.
Born 1918
Montefiore Cemetery, Springfield, Queens, N.Y.
Casualty Lists 10/27/44, 1/10/45
American Jews in World War II – 280

Bondas
, Lazar Yakovlevich [Бондас, Лазар Яковлевич], Captain [Капитан]

U.S.S.R., Red Army
39th Tank Brigade; Assistant Commander (Headquarters)
Wounded 9/29/44; Died of wounds at 1141st Evacuation Hospital on 12/24/44
Born 1913, Ryazan, Ryazan Oblast
Aron Yakovlevich Bondas (brother)
Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Not Listed
[Книги Памяти еврееввоинов, павших в боях с нацизхмом в 1941-1945гг – нет в списке]

Cravetz
, Paul P., T/4, 32132780, United States Army, Purple Heart
United States Army, 4th Armored Division, 25th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mechanized)
Mr. Benjamin Cravetz (father), 312 Seneca St., Fulton, N.Y.
Lorraine American Cemetery, St. Avold, France – Plot C, Row 8, Grave 45
Daily Sentinel (Rome, N.Y.) 1/25/45
Syracuse Herald-Journal 1/28/42
American Jews in World War II – 294


Glickerman
, Sam Jack, PFC, 36643868, United States Army, Purple Heart

United States Army, 36th Infantry Division, 142nd Infantry Regiment, C Company
Mr. and Mrs. Efrom and Rose Glickerman (parents), 1403 S. Tripp St., Chicago, Il.
Born 2/22/22
Cemetery location unknown
http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/Czestochowa1/czea008.html American Jews in World War II – 100

Goldsmith
, Sidney W., Pvt., 32988824, United States Army, Purple Heart

United States Army, 91st Infantry Division, 363rd Infantry Regiment
Mrs. Anna Goldsmith (wife), 1171 Morrison Ave., Bronx, N.Y.
Born 1/13/18
Workmen’s Circle #281 Cemetery, Glen Wild, N.Y.
Casualty List 12/15/44
American Jews in World War II – 327

Greenberger
, Marvin H., Pvt., 42079049, United States Army, Purple Heart

4th Armored Division, 51st Armored Infantry Battalion
Mrs. Sadie G. Greenberger (mother), 2825 Grand Concourse, Bronx, N.Y.
Lorraine American Cemetery, St. Avold, France – Plot C, Row 6, Grave 45
Casualty List 1/10/45
American Jews in World War II – 335

Hora
, Raymond E., PFC, 16177224, United States Army, Purple Heart, 1 OLC

United States Army, 36th Infantry Division, 141st Infantry Regiment, B Company
Mrs. Lillian Hora (mother), 18667 Cherrylawn St., Detroit, Mi.
Born 1919
Epinal American Cemetery, Epinal, France – Plot A, Row 8, Grave 39
American Jews in World War II – 191

Kantor
, Lev (Leonid) Moiseevich (Mikhaylovich) [Кантор, (Лев (Леонид) Моисеевич (Михайлович)], Junior Lieutenant [Младший Лейтенант], 53 combat missions

U.S.S.R., Military Air Forces – VVS
Aerial Gunner – Bombardier
561st Autonomous Army Aviation Squadron

Aircraft type unknown – probably U-2 , Po-2, Pe-2, or Il-4
Born 1912
Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Not Listed
[Книги Памяти еврееввоинов, павших в боях с нацизхмом в 1941-1945гг – нет в списке]

Szwarfurter
, Pinchas, Pvt., Polish People’s Army, at Poland, Warsaw-Brodno

6th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Szymcha Szwarfuter (father)
Born Slovakia, Zilinda, Konska; 1919
Powazkowska Street Cemetery, Warsaw-Zoliborz, Mazowieckie, Poland
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Armies in World War 2 – Volume I – 69

Wounded in Action

Kelner, Irving, Cpl., B/40965, Royal Canadian Infantry Corps
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Mr. and Mrs. Israel and Molly Kelner (parents); Norman, David, Morris, and Ruth (siblings), 410 Parliament St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Casualty List (USA) 11/29/44
The Jewish Chronicle 1/12/45
Canadian Jews in World War II, Volume II – 42, 102

Silverman
, Leo, Cpl., K/57228, Royal Canadian Infantry Corps

Canadian Scottish Regiment
(mother) 2033 Bennings Road, Washington, D.C.; (cousin), 1307 S. McBride St., Syracuse, N.Y.
Residence also at Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
The Jewish Chronicle 12/1/44
Canadian Jews in World War II, Volume II – 115

Vosberg
, Mickey Herman, Gunner, D/138332, Royal Canadian Artillery

(parents), 5587 Esplanade Ave., Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The Jewish Chronicle 12/1/44
Canadian Jews in World War II, Volume II – 117

Weinstein
, Samuel H., 1 Lt., United States Army, Wounded by shrapnel in leg (in Germany)

Mrs. Esther Weinstein (mother), George and Meyer (brothers), 68-33 76th St., Middle Village, N.Y.
Born 1910
Casualty List 12/3/44
Long Island Daily Press 12/2/44
American Jews in World War II – Not listed

Woolner
, Jack, PFC, United States Army (in France)

Mr. Harry Woolner (father), 1907 E. Firth St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Born 1921
Philadelphia Record 11/12/44
American Jews in World War II – Not listed

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Then, news about Jochanan appeared in the November 10 issue of The American Hebrew…

American Hebrew – November 10, 1944

Jews in Uniform

Unhappy Ending.

Jochanan Tartakower, born in 1925, in Lodz, Poland, escaped from Poland in 1939.  Alone he traveled to Russia and the Orient, arriving in New York from Japan several years later, to be re-united with his father, Dr. Arieh Tartakower, head of the Relief Department of the World Jewish Congress, who, being one of the leaders of the Polish Jewish Community, was well known to the Nazis and was on the Gestapo list for early capture.  Dr. Tartakower had been able to elude the Nazis at the outset of hostilities and had succeeded in reaching the United States, without his family.  Mrs. Tartakower, Jochanan’s mother, was detained and only succeeded in rejoining her family long after Jochanan’s arrival in America.  The happy re-united family were enjoying life here in New York.  Jochanan, the only child of the Tartakowers, attended C.C.N.Y. School of Engineering, where he was an honor student.  He was active as President of Habonim, a Zionist youth group in New York, and had a host of friends.  He joined Uncle Sam’s fighting forces at the age of 18 and was assigned to the infantry.  He was sent to the European theatre of operations to meet his old enemies, the Nazis, this time on more equal terms, as a well equipped fighting man.

Dr. Tartakower recently received a telegram from the War Department:  “We regret to advise you that your son, Private First Class Jochanan Tartakower, A.U.S., has been killed in action on September 29, 1944.”

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Fittingly; appropriately; movingly, Arieh memorialized his son in his next book:  The Jewish Refugee, which was published by the Institute of Jewish Affairs of the AJC (American Jewish Congress) and WJC (World Jewish Congress).  The title and dedicatory pages of The Jewish Refugee are shown below:

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In 1947, Jochanan’s name appeared in Volume II – the state-by-state directory of casualties and award recipients – of the two-volume American Jews in World War II.  (The reference work has been cited in many of my prior posts, and will be mentioned wherever pertinent for future blog entries.)  Here is the cover…

…while Jochanan’s name appears on page 459, appropriately under “New York”.  This page is representative of the presentation of names in American Jews in World War II:  Likely due to the sheer number of entries – 38,888 – based on information recorded by the National Jewish Welfare Board (NJWB) – information is limited to names, ranks, military awards, city or town of residence, and casualty status (killed in action, or killed – non-battle).  Though the NJWB index cards typically include names of next of kin, home addresses, and sometimes serial numbers, military theater of action, and date when a serviceman was a casualty, none of this latter (invaluable) information was ever published.

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The following essay appeared in a publication entitled Furrows, a publication of Ichud Habonim (the Labor-Zionist youth movement), in November of 1944.  Its very title – F u r r o w s – visually connoted farming; plowing; soil; land – while “kvutza” denoted “communal settlement” prior to Israel’s 1948 re-establishment.  Furrows was published in New York City between 1942 and 1964. 

ADVENTURE IN PIONEERING
JOHANAN TARTAKOWER

“Johanan Tartakower was killed in action in the European Theater of Operations on September 29th, 1944. He was one of our best haverim.’’

He was my friend, too – that is why these words are meaningless to me.  I cannot transform and reduce this intangible thing into pitifully inadequate sentences.  I can only wonder at the empty space that is left in my life and try to fill it with memories of Johanan and of the days we spent at Kvutza, of the work we did when he was my rosh mahaneh, of the dreams we had together of Eretz Yisrael and “our” kibbutz.

And I can say with a determination which I have never felt, before that we must not let the chain of halutzim be broken.  We must fill the gap.  We must believe in the things Johanan died for and fight for them.  Freedom and peace are meaningless if we are not conscious of their worth and do not accept their responsibilities – and freedom and peace must prevail lest future Johanans shall die, lest the Jewish people never find their future.

I shall endeavor to do what my friend Johanan wanted to do – I will try to realize his dreams.  That is the best tribute I can give him, and I call to all those others who believe as Johanan did to rouse themselves, to accept the task of the halutz, so that the vision of which Johanan was symbolic shall find new strength and fervor.

Harry Brumberger
Furrows, November, 1944

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In September of 1985, a Conference Room named in Yochanan’s honor was opened at Kibbutz Kfar Blum, in northern Israel.  The images show the ribbon cutting (by Jochanan’s mother, Malwina?), Arieh affixing a commemorative plaque upon the Conference Room’s entrance, the Conference Room itself (where Jochanan’s photographic portrait – the image atop this post – is displayed), music played at the ceremony – with Dr. Tartakower contemplatively resting his head upon his hand – and next, presenting a speech, while Malwina watches from the audience.

 

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It is ironic, considering the scope of Arieh’s academic and literary oeuvre, that history gave Jochanan so very little opportunity and time to record his own thoughts, and eventually, perhaps, arrive at his own understanding of “the world”. 

Still, two short fragments of his writing, apparently preserved and incorporated by a friend – “B.K.” – within correspondence or a newsletter of the Labor Zionist movement, are still extant, and are presented (in italics) below.  Given that these were penned while Jochanan was no more than nineteen years old, they reveal a man wise beyond his very few years; intellectually and morally conscious of the nature of the era in which he was living, as a Jew, an American soldier, and a hopeful pioneer in the re-establishment of a Jewish state. 

Perhaps his others correspondence – V-mail? – hand-written letters? – still exists, somewhere.   If and until they are discovered, let these small passages speak for him:

It was a great blow to us when we learned that Yochanan was killed in action in France.  Indeed, those of us who knew him well, who worked and lived with him in Habonim, found it very difficult to force ourselves to realise that Yochanan was no longer with us, would not be on the chava with us, and would never live and work together with us as chalutzim in our kibbutz in Aretz,

To say that Yochanan was one of the best chavorim in New York and also one of the finest and most sincere chalutzim in the movement would be superfluous.  To those of us who knew him, however, these words have real significance in our memories. We remember that summer in Killingworth shortly after he came to this country, memories of putting up ohalim together, moving the tent platforms up to the Bonim Kikar, siphoning gasoline from one vehicle to another, singing around the Medura.  We remember him working more actively than most of us in the New York Galil and especially in the Manhattan Machaneh of which he was a driving force, though not a very loquacious one.  Especially we remember him as part of our present K.A. group which meant so much to him.  We see him sitting at K.A. meetings in the office or in some cafeteria, where long-winded debates on chalutziut were often held.  During these debates, he was usually silent, but when he did speak it was apparent that he, more than the rest of us knew what chalutziut means.  To him it had for a long time been his whole life.

It just does not seem fair that Yochanan should have been killed.  He had gone through so much.  His family was separated during the occupation of Poland.  His father, Aryeh Tartakower, a prominent Zionist leader, came to America first.  It was only in 1942 that Yochanan managed to reach the United States after a long and dangerous journey.  His mother finally arrived here shortly before he went into the Army.  To Yochanan, therefore, this war was very real and very important, not only because he was more deeply aware of the issues and the character of the enemy, but also because he saw things through the eyes of a chalutz.  It was only after his death that we learned that he could have been withdrawn to a desk job because of his knowledge of languages but that he refused the offer because, as ho told his commanding officer, he came to Europe to fight.  In a letter from England he wrote:

“….for the past few years I have been preparing myself mentally for that event, and now I feel that the hour is coming when I, in my small way, will avenge the crimes committed.  And I think in my place, being an infantryman, I will get my best chance.  I think a lot about the movement and about Aretz; it is curious how war can influence your thinking, and being in the army and fighting even more.”

Yes, he thought a lot about the movement and about Aretz.  To be a chalutz in Aretz was his goal in life.  Sometimes he would be sad because of the thought that he might never achieve this goal.  But throughout the time that he was in the Service, he always thought about K.A., was writing constantly to chaverim, demanding news on how the K.A. was developing, and making the problems of the K.A. his problems no matter how far away and isolated he was.

In a letter written just a few days before his death, after having gone through the thick of all the fighting in France, he wrote:

“I have thought of it constantly and as far as I am concerned all the hardships and risks I have gone through made me only a better chalutz, and above all more conscious of my immediate future.  So, my theory is that ex-servicemen, after the war is over, will make a hell of a lot better chalutzim than anybody else, for the simple reason that they have changed their mode of living once already and are not afraid to do it again.”

It is with tears in our eyes that we bid farewell to Yochanan, our chaver.  We will try to live up to his standards of chalutzic character, to his devotion and self-sacrifice.  We promise to avenge Yocbanan in the way he would have liked it, with a larger aliyah from our movement to Aretz, with fields which we shall reclaim and cultivate in his memory, and with houses and farm buildings which we shall build on our soil.  Though he is gone, we know that Yochanan will be with us always as an inspiration during the difficult times that lie ahead in accomplishing the great task which was to him life itself. – B.K

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Jochanan’s matzeva at Long Island National Cemetery in Suffolk County, New York, photographed by FindAGrave contributor Glenn.

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An aerial view of Kfar Blum – photographed by Ofir Ben Tov – in Israel’s Upper Galilee.  The view looks south, with the tree-lined Jordan River winding between the Kibbutz and the two center-pivot irrigation circles to its east.  The Sea of Galilee lies in the distance.

The land is furrowed.  The land, is green.

Acknowledgements

I would like to extend my sincere and grateful appreciation to Annette Fine and Yonatan Porat, of Kibbutz Kfar Blum, for their generosity in sharing material – particularly photographs – pertaining to Jochanan and his parents.  Without their assistance, “this” post would not have been possible.  

References

Books

Dublin, Louis I., and Kohs, Samuel C., American Jews in World War II – The Story of 550,000 Fighters for Freedom, The Dial Press, New York, N.Y., 1947

Morris, Henry, Edited by Gerald Smith, We Will Remember Them – A Record of the Jews Who Died in the Armed Forces of the Crown 1939 – 1945, Brassey’s, United Kingdom, London, 1989

Morris, Henry, Edited by Hilary Halter, We Will Remember Them – A Record of the Jews Who Died in the Armed Forces of the Crown 1939 – 1945 – An Addendum, AJEX, United Kingdom, London, 1994

Canadian Jews in World War II – Part I: Decorations, Canadian Jewish Congress, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 1948

Canadian Jews in World War II – Part II: Casualties, Canadian Jewish Congress, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 1948.

Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Volumes I through XI, Maryanovskiy, M.F., Pivovarova, N.A., Sobol, I.S. (editors), Union of Jewish War Invalids and Veterans, Moscow, Russia, 1994 – 2014

Websites

Aryeh Tartakower (at Wikipedia)

Arieh Tartakower (at Jewish Virtual Library)

Aryeh Tartakower Dead at 85 (at Jewish Telegraphic Agency)

Furrows (New York Public Library catalog record)

Kfar Blum Volunteers (at Goalweb.com)

Pastoral Hotel – Kfar Blum (at KfarBlum-Hotel.co.il.)

Soldiers from New York: Jewish Soldiers in The New York Times, in World War Two: Private Marc C. Dauber – November 18, 1944

The name of Private Marc C. Dauber, a resident of Brooklyn, appeared in The New York Times on February 4, 1945, in a list of soldiers killed in action in the European Theater of War.  His obituary – shown below – was published on September 26 of that year.

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Second Highest Honor Awarded Him After Death

The nation’s second highest honor, the Distinguished Service Cross, was awarded posthumously yesterday to Pvt. Marc C. Dauber, 22 years old, a Brooklyn soldier who was killed in action in the Huertgen Forest at Hamich, Germany, after twice leaving “safe” Army assignments to get into front-line action.

At a ceremony at 90 Church Street, Col. John R. Reitmeyer, Public Relations Officer of the Eastern Defense Command, presented the award to the soldier’s father, Emanuel Dauber of 1574 Fifty-Sixth Street, Brooklyn.  Private Dauber was killed last November while serving with Company L of the Sixteenth Infantry Regiment, of the First Division.  Badly wounded in a German counter-attack, he defended his position until he was killed, shouting and throwing grenades, and drawing enemy fire away from the rest of his platoon.

He had left his engineer camouflage unit to stow away on a landing barge, for the D-Day landing.

Assigned to a desk job in Brittany, he again transferred himself to the infantry unit, and served so well that his commanding officer requested his official transfer.

Before entering the Army he was a senior at Brooklyn College.

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The official citation for Private Dauber’s DSC award, available at Military Times Hall of Valor, states:

A member of 3rd Battalion, L Company, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, he was killed in action on November 18, 1944.  A recipient of the Distinguished Service Cross, the citation for his award states, “During action near Hamich, Germany, Private Dauber assumed command of his platoon when the platoon and squad leaders became casualties. He led a group of men into the town, silenced a German machine gun with a grenade, courageously advanced alone on a second machine gun nest and eliminated that position with rifle fire. He continued to lead his men until nightfall when the enemy counterattacked and surrounded his platoon. Although seriously wounded he defended his position with heroic determination against overwhelming odds until he was killed. Private Dauber’s inspirational leadership and supreme devotion to duty at the cost of his life, exemplify the highest traditions of the military forces of the United States and reflect great credit upon himself, the 1st Infantry Division, and the United States Army.”

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Born in Germany on October 24, 1922, Private Dauber is buried at the Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery, in Henri-Chapelle, Belgium, in Grave 18, Row 6, Plot B.  A photograph of his tombstone, by WW II military history researcher Des Philippet, can be found at his biographical profile, at FindAGrave.com.

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A late-2016 Google view of the residence of Marc and his parents – Emanuel (a veteran of the German Army in WW I) and Pauline – in the Borough Park section of Brooklyn, appears below.

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Some other Jewish military casualties on Saturday, November 18, 1944 include…

Killed in Action
– .ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. –

Egel, Ely, PFC, 37619938, Purple Heart
United States Army, 26th Infantry Division, 101st Infantry Regiment
Mr. and Mrs. Simone and Minnie Egel (parents), 956 Hamilton Ave., St. Louis, Mo.; Mr. Sam Goldblatt (best friend), St. Louis, Mo.
Place of burial unknown
Saint Louis Post Dispatch 3/5/45
American Jews in World War Two – 209

Ellman
, Alan H., Pvt., 32978581, Purple Heart

United States Army, 95th Infantry Division, 377th Infantry Regiment
Dr. Isadore William Ellman (father), 701 Brighton Beach, Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 1924
Place of burial unknown
American Jews in World War Two – 302

Emmer, Raymond Philip, Pvt., 37618928, Purple Heart
United States Army, 99th Infantry Division, 394th Infantry Regiment, F Company
Mr. and Mrs. Vivien Horace and Blanche (Nathan) Emmer (parents), 6304 Rosemary Drive, St. Louis, Mo.
Born Saint Louis, Mo., 4/6/25
American Jews in World War Two – 209

Raymond P. Emmer and Carol Strauss, at Beverly Hills, California, in 1942.  (Photo c/o Robert Alyn)

Fried, Louis, Pvt., 35233154, Purple Heart, Casualty in France
United States Army, 95th Infantry Division, 379th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Samuel Fried (father), 139 Roslyn Drive, Youngstown, Oh.
Born 1923
Place of burial unknown
The Jewish Times (Youngstown, Ohio) 12/22/44
American Jews in World War II – 486

Kaufman
, Arthur S., Pvt., 32525103

United States Army, 32nd Infantry Division, 32nd Signal Company
Mr. and Mrs. Meyer and Mollie Kaufman (parents); Irvin and Norman (brothers), 1735 Walton Ave., Bronx, N.Y.
Born 1921; City College of New York Class of 1942
Place of burial unknown
Casualty List 2/6/45
New York Times obituary page (Memorial Section) 11/17/46
American Jews in World War II – 47, 359

Schlamowitz
, Milton, Pvt., 32803627, Purple Heart, Casualty in Germany

United States Army, 29th Infantry Division, 116th Infantry Regiment, B Company
Mrs. Jennie Schlamowitz (mother), Herbert (brother), 1234 Vyse Ave., New York, N.Y.
Born 1925
Place of burial unknown
Casualty List 3/6/45
American Jews in World War II – 431

Schor
, William, PFC, 42056382, Purple Heart, 1 Oak Leaf Cluster, Casualty in France

United States Army, 103rd Infantry Division, 411th Infantry Regiment, Anti-Tank Company
Died of Wounds 12/5/44
Mrs. Mina R. Schor (mother), 3640 (3650?) Rochambeau Ave., New York, N.Y.
Place of burial unknown
Casualty List 1/28/45
American Jews in World War II – 433

Sussman
, Daniel, Pvt., 36727698

United States Army, 95th Infantry Division, 377th Infantry Regiment
Mr. and Mrs. Charles and Bess (Kaiserman) Sussman (parents), Chicago, Il.; Mrs. Thelma Friedman (sister)
Westlawn Cemetery, Norridge, Chicago, Il. (Buried August, 1949)
Chicago Tribune 8/4/49
American Jews in World War II – 118

Wiesen
, Fred R., PFC, 18151571, Purple Heart, Casualty in France

United States Army
Mr. and Mrs. Alex and Ruth Wiesen (parents), New York, N.Y. / Orleans Parrish, La.
Mrs. Estelle (Wiesen) Levine (sister), Harold and Lois (?); Lenore and Milton, Seasonwein; Gertrude and Arthur Holzsager; Naomi Hicks; Fred and Clara Penner; Carl, Julius, Charlotte, and Harold
Place of burial unknown (Buried 5/21/48)
New York Times Obituary page 5/20/48, 5/21/48, 5/22/48;
New York Times Obituary page Memorial section: 11/18/45, 11/24/26
American Jews in World War II – 472

Died of Wounds
– .ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. –

Captain Wallace Nathan Emmer, USAAF (brother of Raymond Philip Emmer), Capt., 0-730422
United States Army Air Force, 9th Air Force, 354th Fighter Group, 353rd Fighter Squadron
138 combat missions
Silver Star
Distinguished Flying Cross
Distinguished Service Cross,
Air Medal with 24 Oak Leaf Clusters
Purple Heart
Born Omaha, Nebraska, 11/18/17
Shot down by flak 8/9/44; Prisoner of war; Died 2/15/45 at Wetzlar / Lahn, Klosterwald, Germany, of a heart attack, from effects of severe burns received when his Mustang was shot down.
MACR 8149, P-51D 44-13948, No Luftgaukommando Report
American Jews in World War Two – Not listed

Unlike all other soldiers listed in this post, Captain Wallace N. Emmer was not a casualty on November 18, 1944.  Information about him is presented here because he was Private Raymond P. Emmer’s brother. 

Raymond and Wallace are among the numerous sets of brothers profiled in Helen Kantzler’s article “Double Gold Stars”, which was published in the Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh) on September 20, 1946.  The Emmer brothers were buried alongside one another at New Mount Sinai Cemetery, in Saint Louis, Missouri, on April 21, 1948.  (Section Q, Lot 25)   For more information about Raymond and Wallace, visit their biographical profile (by Trip Alyn) at FindAGrave.com.

The image below, reproduced from a photographic print loaned to me by Robert Alyn, shows Wallace’s personal P-51D, “Arson’s Reward”.  Very (very, very!) close magnification of that photographic print showed that this aircraft’s serial number is 44-13400.      

According to the Aviation Archeology database, 44-13400 was wrecked in a landing accident Criqueville, France, on August 3, 1944, while being flown by Franklin Rose, Jr.  This was six days before Captain Emmer was shot down in P-51D 44-13948. 

Though low resolution, the image below, from the book History in the Sky: 354th Pioneer Mustang Fighter Group, clearly shows the wreck of “Arson’s Reward”.  The picture shows the plane’s nickname on its forward cowling.  (Plus, a rather broken left wing.)

Notice that while the photo above shows the plane with 11 crosses denoting German planes shot down, the image below shows 16 crosses.  Based on the dates (in USAF Historical Study 85) of Emmer’s 13 full-credit and two half-credit aerial victories, this suggests that the above photograph was probably taken in very late June through mid-July of 1944.

Therefore, it seems that 44-13948 – the aircraft in which Wallace Emmer was shot down – was not “Arson’s Reward” and thus, not his “personal” Mustang.

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Since information about Captain Emmer abundantly exists in digital and print formats, the following two pictures are included here as representative images.

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This superb photograph shows Captain Emmer standing before a P-51B Mustang fighter, at the 354th Fighter Group’s base at Boxted, England.  Curiously, it is not an official USAAF photograph.  Instead, it was obtained through Britain’s Imperial War Museum, where it has been cataloged as image EA18248.  It may have been taken by Childs & Coxey Photographers, who apparently visited Boxted for a photo session early in 1944.

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This photograph, of Raymond and Wallace’s parents, Vivien Horace and Blanche (Nathan) Emmer, accompanied by Robert Alyn, was taken in Saint Louis on July 14, 1951.  They passed away within a day of one another in October, 1975.  (Image c/o Robert Alyn.) 

Wounded in Action

Burstein, Charles, 2 Lt., 0-1822586, Purple Heart
United States Army, 702nd Tank Destroyer Battalion
Mrs. Mary Burstein (mother), 1002 Keniston Ave., Los Angeles, Ca.
Casualty List 1/31/45
American Jews in World War Two – 286

Friedenwald
, Aaron, Capt., Silver Star, Purple Heart

United States Army, 29th Infantry Division
Miss Dorothy Lane (fiancée)
Dr. and Mrs. Edgar B. Friedenwald (parents), 1616 Linden Ave., Baltimore, Md.
Baltimore Sun 1/21/45, 1/26/45
Jewish Times (Baltimore) 2/2/45
American Jews in World War Two – 138

Epstein
, Herbert W., Pvt., 12225760, Purple Heart, Severely Wounded, France

United States Army,
Mr. Samuel S. Epstein (father), 229 Van Cortlandt Park Ave., Yonkers, N.Y.

Born 1925
Casualty List 1/31/45;
The Herald Statesman (Yonkers) 12/21/44

American Jews in World War Two – 303

Prisoners of War

Feier, Joseph Arthur, Pvt., 42109607
84th Infantry Division, 334th Infantry Regiment
Stalag 2B (Hammerstein)
Mrs. Elsie Feier (mother), 153 Grove St., Passaic, N.J.
Casualty Lists 4/6/45, 6/13/45
American Jews in World War Two – p. 232

Hanowitz
, Stanley, Pvt., 33588225

84th Infantry Division, 334th Infantry Regiment
Stalag 2A (Neubrandenburg)
Mrs. Rosita Hanowitz (wife), 601 West 163rd St., New York, N.Y.
Mr. and Mrs. Abraham Albert and Frances Hanowitz (parents), 5058 F Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
Born Philadelphia, Pa., 4/26/24
The Jewish Exponent 4/13/45; The Philadelphia Inquirer 4/5/45, 6/10/45; The Philadelphia Record 1/23/45, 4/5/45
American Jews in World War Two – Not listed

Sackter, Arnold M., Pvt., 36864894
26th Infantry Division, 104th Infantry Regiment
Stalag 12A (Limburg an der Lahn)
Mr. Jacob Sackter (father), 3824 Humphrey St., Detroit, Mi. / 446 1/2 North Curson, Los Angeles, Ca.
Casualty Lists 5/4/45, 6/19/45
American Jews in World War Two – Not listed

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References

Brown, Arthur F., History in the Sky: 354th Pioneer Mustang Fighter Group, San Angelo, Tx., 1946

Dublin, Louis I., and Kohs, Samuel C., American Jews in World War II – The Story of 550,000 Fighters for Freedom, The Dial Press, New York, N.Y., 1947.

The 16th Infantry: 1798 – 1946, Edited by Lieutenant John W. Baumgartner, 1st Sergeant Al De Poto, Sergeant William Fraccio, and Corporal Sammy Fuller

Brooklyn Eagle
, February 23, 1946, “96 Jewish Vets Get State Service Cross” (p. 2)

New York Post, October 6, 1945, “Parents Seek Word of Son” (p. 11)

New York Post, October 10, 1945, “Seek Word of Missing Relatives” (p. 11)

Military Times Hall of Valor – DSC Award for Private Marc C. Dauber, at
http://valor.militarytimes.com/recipient.php?recipientid=22028

USAF Credits for the Destruction of Enemy Aircraft, World War II, Albert F. Simpson Historical Research Center, Air University, Office of Air Force History, Headquarters USAF, 1978 (Wallace N. Emmer, pp. 60-61)

Soldiers from New York: Jewish Soldiers in The New York Times, in World War Two: First Lieutenant David Chrystall – January 4, 1945

First Lieutenant David Chrystall (0-452872), born in 1918, who served in the 550th Airborne Infantry Battalion, was killed in action in Belgium on January 4, 1945.  His name appeared in a Casualty List published on March 8 of that year, while his obituary – transcribed below – appeared in the Times a little over one year later: On January 6, 1946. 

He is buried at the Luxembourg American Cemetery, in Luxembourg, at Plot E, Row 8, Grave 41. 

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Officer Lost in Action With Airborne Infantry

The War Department has notified Maurice M. Chrystall of 311 East Seventy-Second Street, that his son, Lieut. David Chrystall of the airborne infantry, was killed in action in Belgium early in January.  He was 27 years old.

Born in New York City, he attended public schools in Paterson, N.J., and was graduated from Cornell University.  He enlisted in the Army in December, 1940, and attended the Infantry School at Fort Benning, Ga.  He later attended the Advanced Infantry School at Fort Benning and was promoted to a first lieutenancy.

In addition to his father he is survived by a sister, Mrs. Claire Seckler of Brooklyn.

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An image (from Apartments.com) of the building where the Chrystall family resided: 311 East 72nd Street, in New York City..

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Some other Jewish military casualties on Thursday, January 4, 1945…

Killed in Action
– .ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. –

Brafman, Arthur A., PFC, 42134385, Purple Heart, Killed in France
United States Army, 70th Infantry Division, 275th Infantry Regiment, C Company
Mr. Samuel Brafman (father [12/26/50]), 128 Bay 28th St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 1926
New Montefiore Cemetery, West Babylon, N.Y. – Society Bayview Nemo B.A., Block 11, Row 16, Section 3, Grave 1R; Buried 1/10/49
American Jews in World War Two – 282

Cooperstein
, Abraham, Pvt., 32231143, Purple Heart, Killed on Leyte Island

United States Army, 242nd Engineer Combat Battalion
Mrs. Yetta Cooperstein (mother), 245 Kosciusko St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Manila American Cemetery, Manila, Philippines – Plot B, Row 13, Grave 101
American Jews in World War Two – 294

Fishman
, Stanley C., Sgt., 11138290, Silver Star, Purple Heart, Killed in Luxembourg

United States Army, 26th Infantry Division, 104th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Selig Fishman (father), 11 Colony Road, New Haven, Ct.
Born 7/30/25
Congregation B’Nai Jacob Cemetery, New Haven, Ct. – Plot AG4
The American Hebrew 3/30/45
American Jews in World War Two – 63

Haffits
, Joseph H., S/Sgt., 17066957, Purple Heart

United States Army, 4th Infantry Division, 8th Infantry Regiment
Mrs. Bertha Haffits (mother), 2603 Court St., Sioux City, Ia.
Born 1920
Luxembourg American Cemetery, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg – Plot E, Row 2, Grave 45
American Jews in World War Two – 126

Hoffman
, Joseph, S/Sgt., 32894589, Purple Heart

United States Army, 45th Infantry Division, 179th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Abraham Hoffman (father), 2102 Daly Ave., New York, N.Y.
Lorraine American Cemetery, St. Avold, France – Plot D, Row 6, Grave 18
Casualty List 3/1/45
American Jews in World War Two – 346

Jachman
, Isadore Siegfried, S/Sgt., 13136814, Medal of Honor, Purple Heart

United States Army, 17th Airborne Division, 513th Parachute Infantry Regiment, B Company
Mr. Leo Jachman (father), 2005 Whitter Ave., Baltimore, Md.
Born Berlin, Germany, 12/14/22
Hebrew Mount Carmel Cemetery, Adath Israel Anshe Sfarad Cemetery, Baltimore, Md.
American Jews in World War Two – 140
Images of Staff Sergeant Jachman’s matzeva can be found at his biographical profile at FindAGrave.com. 

Leshne
, Jerome, PFC, 32974066, Purple Heart

United States Army, 26th Infantry Division
Mr. and Mrs. Abraham and Lillian Leshne (parents), Seymour Leshne (brother), 1500 Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, N.Y.; Mr. Robert Lippin (“foxhole buddy”)
Beth David Cemetery, Elmont, N.Y.; Buried 8/22/48
Casualty List 3/13/45
The New York Times Obituary Page 8/22/48
American Jews in World War Two – 375

Wounded in Action

Erlick, Samuel, PFC, 13185920, BSM, Purple Heart, 1 Oak Leaf Cluster
United States Army, 26th Infantry Division, 104th Infantry Regiment, K Company
Also wounded 11/10/44
Mr. and Mrs. Harry and Eva (Borosh) Erlick (parents), 709 Hoffman St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Born Philadelphia, Pa., 6/24/24
American Jews in World War Two – Not listed

Silver, Alvin S., Pvt., 33577617, Purple Heart, 1 Oak Leaf Cluster, Wounded in Germany (Also wounded 3/28/45)
United States Army
Mrs. Rhoda Mae Silver (wife); Barbara Ann and Michael David (daughter and son), 1133 Cobbs St., Drexel Hill, Pa.
Mrs. Rose Bass (mother), 5701 Lebanon Ave., Philadelphia, Pa.
Born Philadelphia, Pa., 7/28/23
The Jewish Exponent (Philadelphia) 5/4/45
Philadelphia Inquirer and Philadelphia Record 4/21/45
American Jews in World War Two – 552

Prisoners of War

Cohen, Melvin, Pvt., 11047725, Purple Heart
United States Army, 550th Airborne Infantry Battalion
POW at Stalag 4B (Muhlberg)
Mrs. Lena Cohen (mother), 32 Coleman Road, Arlington, Ma.
Casualty List (Liberated POW) 6/13/45
American Jews in World War Two – 154

Goldberg
, Melvin I., Pvt., 12220289, Purple Heart

United States Army, 550th Airborne Infantry Battalion
POW at Stalag 4B (Muhlberg) (German POW # 98655)
Mr. Benjamin Goldberg (father), 58 Manhattan Ave., New York, N.Y.
Casualty List (Liberated POW) 6/20/45
American Jews in World War Two – 325

References

Dublin, Louis I., and Kohs, Samuel C., American Jews in World War II – The Story of 550,000 Fighters for Freedom, The Dial Press, New York, N.Y., 1947.

Email correspondence with Samuel Erlick, 2004-2006

 

New Guinea Passover: Letters from Wolfe Freudenheim, WW II – July, 1943

Some nine months after The Jewish Exponent’s publication of letters sent by Pvt. Wolfe V. Freudenheim to his parents in Philadelphia (see New Guinea New Year), the Exponent published more of Wolfe’s letters.  The first dealt with a Passover Seder held in New Guinea, and the second described the living conditions, climate, and wildlife (even the proverbial – and quite real! – bird of paradise) to be found on the island. 

This was the second (and last) occasion on which the Exponent published Pvt. Freudenheim’s letters.

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Passover in New Guinea – Crocodile Hunting

The Jewish Exponent
July 9, 1943

Pvt. Wolfe Freudenheim, stationed in new Guinea, wrote the following letters to his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Abraham Freudenheim of 6237 Christian Street.  Pvt. Freudenheim’s letters have appeared in THE EXPONENT before, and his latest batch is even more interesting.

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New Guinea, April 29, 1943

Dearest Everybody,

I’m just returned from the Passover celebration here in New Guinea.  Rabbi Levy was there.  I had arrived at 7:30, and since the crowd was so large the service was discontinued in favor of eating.  All the men brought their own mess kits.  The dinner was served buffet style.  I can safely state that it was the largest grouping of any religious sect.  (Amount censored.)  It would have done your hearts good to see the men grabbing for “Matzos” and what wine there was.  I believe that every Jewish man in the Australian Army and U.S. forces was there.  Among those present: Lt. Max Daroff, Sgt. Herb Glonin, Eddie Eisenberg of Atlantic City.  I could just go on listing them, but it would sound like a roll call.  Pictures were taken by a war correspondent and also by the U.S. Army Photo section.

The Chaplain admitted that he never anticipated such a large mob.  For that reason the service was terminated and we spent the rest of the time meeting new people – and in general “swapping the best rumors”.

Naturally the “four questions” were asked, but they were never answered.  Undoubtedly they will be answered by the men in the forces in a different manner.  Next year we might be able to answer in peace.

Enough “Matzos” were on hand for every man to have at least one pound each.

Oh yes:  two nurses came.  Nobody looked at them – much.  First the upper strati of the commissioned officers held them enthralled.  A little later 1st and 2nd lieutenants took over.  Almost before anything else happened, a bunch of infantrymen, in their “zoot suits” (jungle uniforms) made a blank attack, and they never relinquished the hold they held – not even for the major, who wanted to take them “home”.  Over a box of “matzos” they spoke of “Seder” night at home.

In a corner a bunch had gotten together for a “go” at “Chad God Yah” – what a noise!  But it was beautiful.

Begging for order, the Chaplain called to the men for the benediction.  After reading an order from “the” General concerning the holiday, we left.

MENU
Matzo
Real Fruit Cocktail
Fresh Meat

WOLFE

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New Guinea, May 13, 1943

Dearest Everybody:

“MY DAY OFF”
or
‘HOW NOT TO REST”

The morning was perfect, as _____ _____ days go, in New Guinea.  Of course it was hot, and the humidity was quite high.

[Being] my day off, I planned [to do] a bit of crocodile hunting on my own.  If I knew what was to transpire, I might have hesitated.

[By 4:15] A.M. I strapped a web belt about my waist, a canteen, jungle knife and a sharp dagger.  Slinging a bandolier and a rifle over my shoulder, then putting two packs of cigs in my pockets with a box of matches, plus four bars of chocolate, which was to be my lunch, I started out.

Hopping a ride was an easy matter, and after two hours we arrived at the habitat of the “crocs”.

Walking through this stinking swamp, down dried-up creeks and streams, was quite an experience.  The place was chockful of tracks and – being ever on the alert – deeper into this Eden I went.  Once I took a pot shot at a large snake, but he was too fast.  Lizards of the larger variety were to be found in abundance.  The reports which came from my rifle made them run in all directions.  Working my way up, I finally reached the summit of this mountain.  Here I met an English-speaking native policeman.  He was a swell fellow – offered me tea and biscuits.  The mountain was 5,000 feet.  Crocodiles?  “Oh, many miles up river, Towhada” (big white man).  He told me of the bird of paradise which roamed the nearby jungle – but telling me that it was against the law to shoot one.  He was quite emphatic about this.

Going back down into the jungle of this mountain took some time.  Then, part way down, I heard a chucking sound and saw a bush move – there walking across the track, not 25 yards away, was a real live bird of paradise in all his glory – strutting as though he were the kind of all he surveyed.  Gee, he was beautiful.  I couldn’t take my eyes off him.  About this time it began to rain, but slowly and quietly I followed my gorgeous friend.  Deeper and deeper into this heavy foliage he went, until he came to an overhanging boulder, under which was a round dry mound.  His lair!

The ground was becoming soggier, and it took quite and effort to pick up my foot, but quite a simply matter to put the other back in the goo.  Reaching into my pouch for a bar of chocolate, I soon found to my utter amazement that a whole colony of ants had beaten me to the draw.  Throwing the bars away, I dug deep into my pockets for a cigarette – only to find them all saturated by the rain, except one, which was only wet at the tip.  Breaking the wet part off, I put my hand into my pocket, and withdrew a broken match box and a few red dyed matches.  Their tips were gone.  Here a wallaby sloshed up the track and further on, I could see through the rain a few large rats.  By a lucky shot, I dropped one.  I noticed a curious feature about this animal – his front legs were much smaller than his hind legs!

I turned back, because it was getting colder and fog had started to close in.  Boy oh boy, how “the rains came”.  Never had I seen it like this before.  The going became tougher.  Hungry, the coveralls became heavier and now a headache started.  What a mess!

Coming onto the road, a truck picked me up, and at the pass we were stopped by an M.P., who advised us to walk because of landslides crossing the road at a few points.  Hitting the road again – road, did I say? – really only a wide mountain track over which cascaded new-made swirling streams, thundering over into an abyss.  Here a lorry was stuck in the mud and further down a boulder had come loose and planted itself in the middle of the track.  At last we made the bottom, where we found a small hospital.  We were fed warm soup and hot bully beef, which tasted just like steak – almost.  Outside a jeep had a flat tire.  I helped the fellow repair it and he took me to where I wanted to go. 

The rain had ceased at last.  Gee but my camp looked swell.  Home and bed!  What a comforting thought.  That last stretch – it looked like a concrete highway – that is, it looked like one, but in reality it wasn’t.  Taking a few steps, I fell into a deep mud hole.  My gun was just coated with mud, and when I opened the bolt the brown slimy stuff oozed out through the barrel.

I showered and crawled slowly into bed.  Then I thought – all the trouble – discomfort – the long trek – was it worth all I had seen and experienced.  I’ll say.

Love, WOLFE

New Guinea New Year: Letters from Wolfe Freudenheim, WW II – November, 1942

During the Second World War, Philadelphia’s The Jewish Exponent reported upon the military service of Jewish soldiers in a variety of ways.  These comprised brief and specific accounts – sometimes based on official documents – of a soldier’s experiences in combat or other activities; announcements about casualties (wounded, missing, prisoners, and deaths in combat), and, brief biographies.  These news items were often accompanied by photographic portraits, both formal and candid.

Curiously; oddly, despite the duration, scope, magnitude, and nature of the war, the Exponent published very few news items about military service that were genuinely “at length”.  However, the few news items of this nature that were published make fascinating and illuminating reading.

One such item follows below.  It’s comprised of letters written by two Philadelphia servicemen who were mutual acquaintances – Lieutenant Maxwell A. Daroff and PFC Wolfe Velvel Freudenheim – concerning life in New Guinea in late 1942.  Especially moving is their mention of Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur services.

Though Lt. Freudenheim’s military unit is unknown, Lt. Daroff’s letter reveals that he was a member of the Army’s 440th Signal Battalion.  The Battalion, created in 1942 and eventually disbanded in 2008, served in the Second World War, the Korean War, and Iraq.

PFC Freudenheim, born in Media, Pennaylvania in January of 1914, was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Abraham and Mamie Freudenheim, his parents residing at 6237 Christian Street (Cobbs Creek section) in Philadelphia.  Married to Ruth V. Freudenheim at the time of his military service, the couple’s postwar address was 5850 Chestnut Street. 

Wolfe Freudenheim passed away in December of 1987.

In 1943, the Exponent published a second article comprised of letters penned by PFC Freudenheim.  That will appear in a future post.

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Local Jewish Boy Writes Home of His Experiences in New Guinea

Wolfe Freudenheim of West Philadelphia Now Stationed in the Pacific War Theatre
Relates Many Interesting Stories

The Jewish Exponent
November 6, 1942

Editor’s Notes: – Herewith is a series of letters written by Private Wolfe Freudenheim, to his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Freudenheim of 6237 Christian Street.  Private Freudenheim is currently on duty in New Guinea, and although we’ve deleted certain personal passages, which we’re sure would be of no interest to the general public, there still remains in each letter a kaleidescopic report of life in that God forsaken island.  Some of the things he does, his emotions, and reactions may give you an idea of what some one very dear to you is undergoing.  The first letter is from another Philadelphia boy, Lt. Maxwell A. Daroff who left for New Guinea after Wolfe did, and then wrote Mrs. Freudenheim that he had met her son.  Some of the incidents are really exciting, especially the letter in which Wolfe describes the High Holiday services in New Guinea.

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New Guinea
Sept. 19, 1942

Dear Mrs. Freudenheim:

Wolfe has most likely written and told you of our meeting ‘way over here.  I am sure that when you saw me that day on 63rd street and told me that Wolfe was in Australia you never even dreamed that in just a few short months I would be able to tell him about it.  This certainly is a small world.  When I left home I knew there were at least two people in Australia that I would know.  My brother and Wolfe.  I found my brother right off the bat.  We had quite a reunion and were together for some time.  However, we were separated again.  But that is war.  We are close enough, however, so that mail to each other gets through in a few days.  As for Wolfe, I had to wait until I got to this God-Forsaken place to find him.  I went to Rosh Hashonah services and there he was.  It so happened that I was the only officer present, so between us we conducted the services.  Me with my rank, and he with his knowledge, as limited as it was, although he remembered a little more than I did.  We had a pretty good service, too.

Earlier this month I wrote to my mother and told her about this.  I also gave her your phone number.  I have a very good memory for phone numbers.  So she may call you. 

I won’t try to tell you anything about this place.  I know Wolfe has already more than adequately described it.  However, if it will ease your mind any, I can tell you truthfully that Wolfe is in damned good health, fairly happy (we all want to get home) and not in any danger at all.  So don’t worry about him.  He will be all right and he knows how to take care of himself. 

Well, this is all.  Give my wishes for a happy and prosperous New Year to Mr. Freudenheim, Babe, Top, and Selma.

Sincerely,
Max.

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Lt. Maxwell A. Daroff, 0-358639
1st Plat. Co. A 440 Sig. Bn.
(Const.) APO 929
c/o Postmaster, San Francisco

Sat., Sept. 12, 1942
New Guinea

Dearest Family:

“Le shonah tovo teeosevu (Hebrew).  [The word “Hebrew” was inserted by the writer for the benefit of the army censors. – Ed. Note.]

In the event that you didn’t receive my last greetings, which I wrote Thursday, services were held here in New Guinea – Friday night at 7 P.M.  Twenty-five men attended – including Lt. Max Daroff.  Really, you could have knocked me over with a pin.  Yep, he is here.  His brother, Lt. Sid Daroff, is in “Aussie”.  He told me about all of you, for which I am very much thankful.

Light night Max and I conducted, but today, at 9 A.M., 50 men were present – I did a solo.  The boys admitted that it was conducted quite well – (mind you, I know very little).

Incidentally, my tour of one week’s K.P. has ended – I am very thankful.  Pop’s package of Dunhills, razor blades, and matches came this P.M.  Gee, but they came in damm handy – all three items!

How I miss you all – you’ll never know.  Oh, yes, after services today Max, Sgt. Herb Glovin (who’s from Wynnefield) and I were talking about what we would be doing were we home.  Max and I agreed that we would be standing outside the West Phila. Com. Center.  Herb, undoubtedly would be at Horn and Hardart’s for coffee.  It was suddenly busted up when I had to wash 6 tubs and cut wood for the next fire.  Chopping with an axe, here, does one good.  Sweating profusely – is the main attraction.  But it really builds one’s shoulders and arm muscles.

It has been almost 10 days since I last heard from you.  We, here, haven’t gotten a thing, even from “Aussie”.

Let me now, before I go on further, reassure you that I am OK – fit as a fiddle, and away from any danger.  Since I haven’t a camera I’m having a portrait done here – by one of our lads.  You probably have received my native pieces and Top [brother] has his boomerang.  Also, I’ve sent a portrait of a native family to you.  Hope you get the lot.  Possibly I’ll be able to procure a few more novelties, grass skirts – arrows, native instruments, things that are not too large to be mailed.  If I mailed a lizard, he’d die enroute.

Last night I went to the movies and saw “Three Sons” – Boy, it was from hunger.

Received cigs from Syl’s sister and brother-in-law.  Nice people.  Stepped on a nail last P.M. about 20:00 hours and got a tetnus “shot”.  Jeeze, but it’s hot!  I change clothes twice a day and shower twice – when it can be done.  Naturally, we dress on Sunday.  Yep – I put my socks on.  Abbreviated shorts, shoes and sun helmet I wear everyday, but I like to dress up on Sunday – I put on socks.  Ho, hum.

Saw a short concerning skiing – darned near caught a cold.

From what the boys (new arrivals) have told me – the people in the States don’t even know that a war is going on.  They had better be careful.  We do need a lot of things.  I hope production will be speeded up more – we that we may be able to use some of it.

Did you ever taste “Aussie” baked beans?  No – DON’T.  I think one word to the wise is sufficient.

Come on gang – news is the thing, and not about the war, either.  I love you all and miss you all horribly.

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New Guinea
Sept. 23, 1942

Well, well, it’s 4 days, or is it 5, since I last wrote you?  Have been very, very busy here of late.  I no longer count the days since we’ve left.  They seem no longer to hold any significance.  Each day being more like the preceding one.  Of course there are moments of tribulation, but they don’t remain as a memory.  All I personally think about is 6237 [Christian Street].  Naturally, things happen here, that don’t occur at home, but I can assure you, that when we do get home – you’ll hear very little from me – concerning New Guinea – I shall relate, however, the funnier side, the side that really, to us, is the morale builder.  Enough of my sentimentality.  What’s new?  How is everyone?

Big news!  We are to get a furlough!  Vacation to you people.  Not all at once – just a very few at a time.  Sort of a rest – if you want to call it that.  Where are we going?  Well, that all depends.  All, I’m sure are going to “somewhere in Australia” – I, back to see the “Greens” and “Cromwells” and a host of friends.  Regardless of the length of time we get – I’m sure that we will spend it having a grand time.

I still don’t drink – and I’m still not tatooed.  Then after that is over – back to New Guinea.  When will it begin?  There again, I can’t answer.  I don’t know.  Maybe a month, maybe two – who knows?  We talk about it incessantly.  Plan – and re-plan.  Jeezel – but it will be great.  I mean it will be something.  Enough of this.

Heard station KWID, San Francisco, the other night.  Bing Crosby, James Cagney, and a host of others.  Sorta made me feel good.  Last night, we heard a bit of propaganda from Japan – what a mess of junk.  Said we lost our whole fleet at Coral Sea, Midway, and one other action.  Can’t see how anyone can believe that stuff.

Last evening I met Lt. Max Daroff and a Major Williams, also Captain (I forgot his name).  Well, the Major had asked me (when we held “Yom Kippur” services), if I could get together a “minyon” for him.  So we held a “minyon” (in my tent) by flashlight!  Never was “Kaddish” said in such environs as this, and I’m sure never under such circumstances – possibly better, but I can assure you never worse.

Well, that’s that.  Maybe you’d like a description of it?  Maybe Rabbi Matt wouldn’t consider it absolutely right, but nevertheless, in New Guinea it was perfect (at least the Major thought so).  Dad, here it goes.  Let me know what you think, please!  Well, we had 12 men to begin with – some wore sun helmets – some helmets – other caps and overseas caps – most had shorts, another had his coveralls – of course, all the officers were dressed in sun tan uniforms.  With my (“sider”) and flashlight, held by me, over the Major’s shoulder, we began.  (“Sheer Hama alos henay”) to (“Vahed V’ahl coll Ma-Ahson) then they said (the two mourners) (“Yiskadahl Va – Yiskadash”).  So, handshaking went the rounds – they left the gang busted up.  There you have it.  Short and sweet – but if it isn’t exactly so, believe me – it was said from he heart.  I guess that’s what counts.  Incidentally, you ask, “Where did you get a “sider”?  Well, when we were in Australia – I had asked a certain Rabbi for one – he obliged.  So there you have it.  I believe I told you in a previous letter all about it.

What’s new here?  Read your daily papers.

I miss you more and more each day, and love you twice as much.

Wolfe

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New Guinea
September 26, 1942

Dearest Everybody:

What do you think happened today.

First, I picked up a small bundle of newspapers and the N.Y. Times magazines.  Papers were grand.  Everybody loves them – naturally, when I’m finished I pass them around to the other boys.

Then the other package was from Isabelle Cohen – 1 carton cigs, 1 Yardley shaving cream cup – 4 boxes chicklets and 2 small cans of tuna packed in peanut oil.  My eyes virtually popped out, at such an array.  The tuna was swell – of the cigs – no mention is made – that is, after you roll them for a while – chicklets – superb.  As for the shaving cream – we won’t use it for a while – due to the fact that (as I’ve told you) I’ve a goatee and a muzzy.

I’m well – weigh 11 stone 10 lbs., which equals 164 lbs.  Don’t worry about me for I shall be, and am, quite safe.

Well – folksies – that’s all for this P.M. – so I’ll sign off.

But before I do I wish to be remembered to all our neighbors, and friends, and by all means, Clifton.  Bye now –

I love and miss you horribly.

Wolfe

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August 20, 1942

Dearest Everybody:

Today I sent you a V … – letter – tomorrow a cable.  I must tell you what happened to me today.  First came the Bulletin and the Readers Digest from you –

Coming down the list, you first Dad.  J.N.F. year book pages.  Whoa – I made the book – not bad.  Thanks, Dad.  Confidentially, your picture (with the old guys) is not so hot.  You’re much to [sic] young to be associated with those old “shleppers”.  Before I forget – one of the Jewish boys in our outfit received a letter from his brother telling of the death of their mother.  I got together a “minyan” for him and I made him say “Kaddish” – probably the first time a “Minyan” was ever held in New Guinea.

Love,

Wolfe

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New Guinea
Sept. 27, 1942

Dearest Family:

Check your notes on your letter to me dates Aug. 30.  As per your request I shall answer all your questions as concise and as clearly as possible.  Meanwhile, thanks for your picture taken behind the garage.

Mother:  I’m glad you received my gifts – and liked them – this is the first notice that I have had to the effect that they arrived safely.  I have answered pertaining to my work – but I shall do so again.  When I was at Jefferson Barracks I took the necessary examinations – so far as I know, I did pass them for aviation mechanics.  But as the schools were complete and they (the army) had no calls for mechanics at this time – we were told that we would have to wait.  Then, I was asked by a Lieutenant if I would be the announcer for the Pres. Ball in St. Louis.  Well, a “shipping list: had been already made and nothing could be done to get me off.  We did practice – but that is where I left them.  Then to Mitchell Field – before we could turn around to find out what was what – we all entrained for Bangor, Maine.  Immediately, we knew what was in the wind.

Well – that’s the story.  My first job was when we arrived in “Aussie”.  “M.P.” or security section – but after a few months I was relieved – believe you me, was I relieved!  So, from there I took over the “Rec Hall” (recreation hall).  Ran table tennis tourneys – had guest players give exhibitions – checker tourneys – chess and any other games the boys wanted.  When our unit came to this island –naturally, me, too – what I had anticipated was just a trifle different. 

Quite different – read your newspapers – that’s all.  Now, I’m on different details (a detail is a working unit) – we do a load of things.  Yep – I had to come all the way to New Guinea to get K.P.  Now, I ask you – hain’t that something?  I do have a little belly – actually it is exceptionally small – quite – my weight is just 11 stone 10 lbs. – which equals 164 lbs.

Side note – I’m sitting now, in front of a short wave radio – just heard “Hi Neighbor” program.  Darned good.  Back to your letter.  The radio – playing “I’m getting sentimental over you.”  Personally speaking – I’ve been and continue to be sentimental over all of you.  To Mr. Berkowitz – my best regards, I’ll eat every end of bologna he has in stock – I can just taste them – even over the “Bully Beef”.  When his pickled lox does arrive – yeh man, out of my way!  Hope it doesn’t curdle, or whatever pickled lox does.

Dad: your carton of cigs hasn’t yet arrived.  Maybe tomorrow.  Wrote you last nite.  I told you about receiving Bulletin of July 21 and 22 for which – thanks, Dad.

Damm glad you got my cables.  Can you comprehend them?  I’m positive you folks write me often – but when one is here – his head does funny things.  Such as – thinking his folks and friends don’t write.  But we know you all do, but the mail is slow.  This letter was a rare exception (yours of today).  I did not  as yet, receive your cable of July 16th.  Tell that to Western Union.

Love,
Wolfe

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Reference

440th Signal Battalion, at
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/440th_Signal_Battalion_(United_States)