Soldiers from New York: Jewish Soldiers in The New York Times, in World War Two: PFC Samuel J. Brandstein

A member of the 77th Infantry Division, PFC Samuel J. Brandstein was killed at Okinawa on May 13, 1945.  His name appeared in one of the last WW II Casualty Lists to have been appeared in the Times (on April 21, 1946), while his obituary – one of several published in the Times that year – was published on March 9. 

Born in 1912, he was married to Flora L. Brandstein, and the couple lived at 2675 Morris Ave., in the Bronx. 

PFC Brandstein’s body was never found.  His name is commemorated on the Tablets of the Missing at the Honolulu Memorial, in Honolulu, Hawaii.  He received the Bronze Star and Purple Heart.  Like many American Jewish servicemen, his name is not listed in the book American Jews in World War Two.

__________

Brooklyn Soldier Killed On Okinawa May 13, 1945

Pfc. Samuel J. Brandstein, of Company F, 306th Infantry, Seventy-Seventh Division, son of Mr. and Mrs. Max Brandstein of 1835 Seventy-seventh Street, Brooklyn, who was previously reported missing, was killed in action on Okinawa May 13, 1945, according to word received here.  He was 33 years old.

He had also fought on Guam, Leyte and in the Philippines.  Born in Brooklyn, he attended New Utrecht High School and Long Island University.  He left the employ of the Western Union Company to enter the service in March, 1942.  He went overseas in April, 1943.  Besides his parents, he leaves a widow, Mrs. Flora Brandstein, and a brother, Dr. Edward Brandstein.

__________

Some other Jewish military casualties on Sunday, May 13, 1945 include…

Killed in Action
– .ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. –

Gellar, James M., PFC, 36681494, Bronze Star Medal, Purple Heart
United States Army, 99th Infantry Division, 381st Infantry Regiment, F Company
Mrs. Mary Miller (aunt), 111 Rebecca Place, Peoria, Il.
Born 5/14/25
Honolulu Memorial, Honolulu, Hawaii – Plot M-121; Buried 3/9/49
American Jews in World War Two – 100

Samuel
, Gerhard, PFC, 35904219

United States Army, 77th Infantry Division, 305th Infantry Regiment
Mr. and Mrs. Gustav (8/2/87-1954) and Gertrud (Bruck) Samuel (parents), 3750 Carrollton Ave., Indianapolis, In.; Arnold and Susie Samuel (brother and sister); Fred A. Samuel (cousin)
Born in Germany, at Rodalben in der Pfalz; 1/9/26
Mount Olive Cemetery, Solon, Ohio
Aufbau 7/6/45
Over The Front – Summer, 2000
American Jews in World War Two – 124

Killed (Non-Battle)

Landau, Mary M., PFC, A-207742
Mr. Louis Landau (father), Miss Renee Landau (sister), 559 Glenmore Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 12/13/06
Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery, St. Louis, Mo. – Section 70, Grave 16187-89; Buried 6/29/59
News Item 6/10/45
American Jews in World War Two – 370

Naimer
, Belle G., Sgt., A-116702

Mr. David Naimer (father), 136 East 208th St., Bronx, N.Y.; Gus, Harry, and Jack (brothers)
Born 10/31/11
Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery, St. Louis, Mo. – Section 70, Grave 16187-89; Buried 6/29/59
News Item 6/10/45
American Jews in World War Two – Not listed

Mary Landau and Belle Naimer were two among the twenty-three crew and passengers who were killed in the loss of a 317th Troop Carrier Group C-47 (41-23952; “Gremlin Special / Guinea Gopher“) during a sight-seeing flight over the Balim Valley of Central New Guinea.  Caught in a down-draft, the aircraft, piloted by Colonel Peter Prossen, crashed, leaving only five survivors.  Of the five, PFC Eleanor Hanna and S/Sgt Laura Besley died of their wounds the next day.  The three eventual survivors, T/Sgt. Kenneth Decker, Cpl. Margaret J. Hastings, 1 Lt. John S. McColum were rescued 47 days late through extraordinary efforts by the Army Air Force and Filipino paratroopers, who evacuated the survivors by glider.  The loss of the plane is covered by MACR 14697.

This compelling story received national news attention in June of 1945.  This was particularly so in New York State newspapers (Albany Times-Union, Binghamton Press, Brooklyn Eagle, New York Sun, and New York Post) probably because survivor Margaret Hastings was from Oswego.  Especially detailed was the story “Mystery Valley of Shangri-La Isolates Plane Crash Survivors”, filed by Associated Press reporter Dean Schedler, which was published in the Sun on June 8.  This two-page article provides a full list of crew and passengers, along with the towns and cities where their next-of-kin resided.

Both the Albany Times-Union and New York Sun specifically mentioned Belle Naimer, the Times-Union reporting (in an A.P. story):

MET SAME FATE AS HER FIANCE

NEW YORK, June 8 (AP) – WAC Sgt. Belle G. Naimer of the Bronx, one of 20 persons killed in on May 13 when an Army plane crashed in New Guinea’s hidden “Shangri-La” valley, met the same fate as her fiance, her father, David Naimer, said today.

The attractive, 32-year-old woman had been engaged to an Army Air Force Lieutenant who was killed in a plane crash in Europe while en route to the front, he said.

The father, almost totally blind, said he did not know the lieutenant’s name.

He said he last received a letter from his daughter May 9, from New Guinea.

Both the Sun and the New York Post reported that a funeral service was later conducted by aircraft the crash site by Catholic and Protestant Chaplains, with twenty-one grave markers (one of which was a Magen David) being dropped to the crash site.  In that regard, it is interesting – but not unusual – that while Mary Landau’s name would eventually be listed in American Jews in World War Two, Bell Naimer’s name did not appear in that book. 

In 1959, the remains of eighteen casualties from the crash were re-interred in a collective grave at Section 70, Site 16187-89, at Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery on June 29, 1959.  The image below, by FindAGrave contributor Carol Beck, shows this group’s collective grave marker.  (Three other casualties, including Sgt. Besley and PFC Hanna, are buried in individual graves.)

The following article about Belle Naimer, provided by FindAGrave contributor Astrid, can be found at Sgt. Naimer’s FindAGrave biographical profile.  This biography notably differs from the item published in the Albany Times-Union in reporting that her fiance was killed in October or November of 1944, during a crash at or near the Mississippi River. 

Unfortunately, his name is unknown.

  ____________________

Writer Mitchell Zuckoff, author of 13 Hours in Benghazi and Frozen in Time, has fully chronicled the story of the Gremlin Special / Guinea Gopher in his book, Lost in Shangri-La, which is directly available through his website. 

References

Dublin, Louis I., and Kohs, Samuel C., American Jews in World War II – The Story of 550,000 Fighters for Freedom, The Dial Press, New York, N.Y., 1947.

C-47A 41-23952 (PacificWrecks)

Lost in Shangri-La, by Mitchell Zuckoff

PFC Mary M. Landau (FindAGrave.com)

S/Sgt. Belle G. Naimer (FindAGrave.com)

Soldiers from New York: Jewish Soldiers in The New York Times, in World War Two: Sergeant John E. Brand

Sgt. John E. Brand was the radio operator of a B-24 Liberator in the 23rd Bomb Squadron of the 5th (“Bomber Barons”) Bomb Group of the Southwest-Pacific based 13th Air Force.  His aircraft, B-24L 44-41549 (“Maiden Montana“) piloted by 1 Lt. Wallace R. Montgomery, was one of six 23rd Bomb Squadron Liberators assigned to bomb Japanese position at Saint Abtaleil Plantation at Mindanao Island, in the Philippines, on March 12, 1945.  Lt. Montgomery’s plane was last seen entering clouds half-way between Samar Island and Mindanao, but never emerged.  Another 23rd Bomb Squadron B-24 (44-49840, piloted by 1 Lt. William L. Rau) was missing under the same circumstances.  As described in Missing Air Crew Report 13311, searches for the two planes on March 14 and 15 yielded no results.   

Sgt. Brand’s obituary appeared in the Times a symbolic year later (on March 11, 1946), while his name appeared in a Casualty List published in the Times on March 22.  The recipient of the Purple Heart, he entered the Army in 1940, under serial number 321655330.  Born on April 5, 1917, he was the son of Albert R. and Ernestine I. Brand. 

__________

Flier Missing for Year Now Listed as Killed

Sgt. John E. Brand of the Twenty-third Bombardment Squadron, Fifth Bombardment Group of the Thirteenth Air Force, son of Mrs. Albert R. Brand of 200 West Seventieth Street, who was previously reported missing, was killed in action over Mindanoa Island on March 12, 1945, according to notice received from the War Department, it was learned yesterday.

Sergeant Brand, who was 28 years old, was an aerial radio operator.  He was a member of the crew of a Liberator that was lost on a combat mission.  He went into the Army on Aug. 4, 1940.  He had attended Bard College after being graduated from White Plains High School.
His father, the late Albert R. Brand, became an ornithologist after retiring from the New York Stock Exchange.  He was a pioneer in bird song recording and was a research associate at the American Museum of Natural History and Cornell University.  Besides his mother, Sergeant Brand leaves a brother, Charles S. Brand of Ithaca, N.Y., who was a lieutenant in the Navy, and a sister, Mrs. Alice Rabson, of Ann Arbor, Mich.

___________________

The image below, from the flickr (NYC Upper West Side) photostream of Anomalous_A, Winter, 2010 view of 200 West Seventieth Street, the home of Sgt. Brand and his family.

____________________

Pages from the Missing Air Crew Report covering Maiden Montana and her crew are shown below:

The B-24 and the remains of her crew were eventually found, evidenced by the crew’s collective burial – in Section 85, Grave 98 – at Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery, which occurred on June 10, 1952.  An image of the crew’s grave marker, from FindAGrave.com, is shown below.  (Notably, the grave includes Navy Seaman 2nd Class Gerald F. Barrett, who was flying as a passenger.) 

____________________

Some other Jewish military casualties on Monday, March 12, 1945, include…
– .ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. –

Charm, Harry S., S/Sgt., 6718203, Aerial Gunner (Left Waist), Air Medal, 2 Oak Leaf Clusters, Purple Heart
United States Army Air Force, 8th Air Force, 351st Bomb Group, 510th Bomb Squadron
Mr. Louis Charm (father), 1511 East 9th St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 12/7/15
No MACR; B-17G 43-38694 (“TU * D”; “Bigas Bird”); Pilot – 1 Lt. Ralph E. Mahnke; 9 crewmen aboard plane, no other fatalities
Long Island National Cemetery, Farmingdale, N.Y. – Section H, Grave 8003; Buried 7/21/48
Casualty List 4/7/45
http://351st.org/loadlist
http://forum.armyairforces.com/Another-noob-researching-a-relatives-info-m241631.aspx
Harbour and Harris – 111, 116
American Jews in World War II – 288

Memler, Beatrice H. “Bobby”, 2 Lt., N-788562, Medical Attendant
United States Army Air Force, 804th Medical Air Evacuation Squadron
S/Sgt. Julius Memler (husband); Mr. Isidore Hutorina (father), 2446 ½ Malabar St., Los Angeles, Ca.
Born 1921
MACR 13672; C-46D 44-77373 (“XA 366”) Pilot – 2 Lt. Leo J. Kelly; 34 personnel aboard aircraft (Lt. Kelly and three crewmen, Lt. Memler and T/3 John H. Hudson of the 804th MAES, and 28 patients); Aircraft missing on medical air evacuation mission from Elmore Airstrip (Mindoro) to Tanauan Airfield (Leyte); no survivors.
Name commemorated on Tablets of the Missing at Manila American Cemetery, Manila, Philippines
American Jews in World War II – 49

____________________

There is a possibility that C-46 44-77373, on a medical evacuation flight from Elmore Airstrip, on Mindoro, to Tanuaun Airfield, on Leyte (a direct line distance of about 290 miles) collided with C-47A 42-100455 (MACR 14323), which was lost while on a flight from Tanauan Airfield, to deliver gasoline to Philippine guerillas at Labo, on the island of Mindanao. 

A review of the Missing Air Crew Report for the C-46 reveals that between 1300 and 1330 hours (local time), a message was received to the effect that the C-46 – which had taken off from Elmore Airstrip at 10:45 – was turning back to Mindoro.  No reason was specified.  C-47A 42-100455 (MACR 14323) was last seen on takeoff from Tanauan at 12:33.  

Neither plane was seen again.  (Missing air crew reports for both planes – filed shortly after they were missing – attributed their loss to weather.)

A Filipino farmer discovered the wreckage of the missing C-47 in 1989; the remains of pilot 2 Lt. Arthur F. Parkhurst were officially identified by October of 2010.  According to information provided by Robert Lucke, a member of the Facebook Group Philippine-American WW II POW/MIA Research Group, the wreckage of C-47A 42-100455 is located along the western slope of Mount Mamban, on Leyte, 35.77 kilometers (about 18 miles) from Tanuaun Airstrip.

During exploration of that area in 2013, local inhabitants told members of the Research Group about the wreckage of another aircraft – about 5 kilometers from the C-47’s crash site – aboard which had been a nurse.

Could that location be the resting place of the 34 MIAs aboard XA366?

A photograph of a possible fragment of C-46 XA366 (with the word “INSIDE” stamped upon it) discovered by the Research Group in 2013, is displayed in a late 2014 entry at the Pacificwrecks.com forum.

The map and aerial photo shown below – created from Google Maps – are of northern Leyte Island, and show the locations of Tanuan and Mount Mamban.  Tanuan is located south of Tacloban, along the western shore of San Pablo Bay, while the general location of Mount Mamban is denoted by Google’s “red” pointer.  The ruggedness of the countryside is immediately evident in the aerial photo. 

This image of Lieutenant Memler is from The Story of Air Evacuation, 1942-1989. 

Prisoner of War

Feld, Monroe Herbert, Sgt., 11021209, Aerial Gunner (Waist), Purple Heart
United States Army Air Force, 15th Air Force, 450th Bomb Group, 723rd Bomb Squadron
POW in Hungary – specific camp unknwon
Mr. and Mrs. Nathan and Helen Feld (parents), 35 Cherry St., Lynn, Ma.; Mrs. Evelyn (Feld) Eissen (sister), 124 West 79th St., New York, N.Y.; Major Sylvan Feld (brother)
Sgt. Feld and Sgt. Lawrence J. Cilestio were severely beaten upon capture.
Navigator 2 Lt. Richard H. Van Huisen and aerial gunner S/Sgt. William R. Ahlschlager murdered by Hungarian civilians – their bodies have never been found.
MACR 12820; B-24L 44-50245 (“Princess Pat”) 1 Lt. Murray G. Stowe (pilot); 10 crewmen – 8 survivors.
American Jews in World War II – Not listed

Missing During Combat Mission – Returned to American Military Control

Salkind, Adam Paul, 2 Lt., 0-2071917, Navigator
15th Air Force, 301st Bomb Group, 352nd Bomb Squadron
Parachuted with crew, presumably over Russian-occupied Hungary
Mrs. Sarah S. Kalan (aunt), 801 West 181st St., New York, N.Y.
MACR 12992; B-17G 42-97918; Pilot – 2 Lt. Atlee B. Gulley; 10 crew; all survived
American Jews in World War II – 425

References

Dublin, Louis I., and Kohs, Samuel C., American Jews in World War II – The Story of 550,000 Fighters for Freedom, The Dial Press, New York, N.Y., 1947.

Harbour, Ken, and Harris, Peter, A Chronicle of the 351st Bomb Group (H), 1942-1945, B. Kennedy, Saint Petersburg, Fl., 1985.

The Story of Air Evacuation, 1942-1989, The World War II Flight Nurses Association, Taylor Publishing Company, Taylor, Tx., 1989

Women at War: Driving Through the Desert – Women of the A.T.S. (Auxiliary Territorial Service) – As Depicted in Parade – Middle East Weekly

An essential aspect of all military endeavors is the provision of the material and logistical support – transportation; supply; repair; maintenance; communications; medical services, and more – that can enable a force of combat arms (land, sea, or air; singly, or more often in combination) to conduct offensive or defensive military activity.  The centrality of this aspect of military operations has been manifest in practically every conflict of the twentieth century (and certainly far earlier), by the armed forces of practically every nation engaged in military conflict.

A related aspect of this facet of military service has been – especially during period of mass conscription – the mobilization and conscription of citizens who would not typically not be subject to military service, “freeing up” other citizens to directly serve in combat positions.

A noteworthy example of this was Britain’s Auxiliary Territorial Service, or “A.T.S.”, which, established in September of 1938, was the women’s branch of the British Army during World War Two.  A.T.S. members served as cooks, clerks, storekeepers, drivers, postal workers, and ammunition inspectors.  Though A.T.S. members were prevented from serving in battle, some members of the Service eventually did serve in such tasks as radar operators, anti-aircraft gun crews, and members of the military police.  The nature of such assignments was not without risk, as – according to the Wikipedia entry on the A.T.S. – the A.T.S. incurred 717 deaths during the war out of a total mobilized force of over 190,000 women.

During World War Two, some 30,000 men from the Yishuv served in the British armed forces, at the behest of the Jewish Agency.  Eventually, this recruitment effort extended to women, due to an agreement between British authorities and the Council of Women’s Organizations.  Eventually, some 4,350 women from the Yishuv would serve in the A.T.S. and W.A.A.F. (Women’s Auxiliary Air Force). 

A group of A.T.S. drivers from the Yishuv became the subject of a photo essay which appeared in the British military newspaper Parade – Middle-East Weekly, on February 12, 1944, under the title “Convoy Girls of the A.T.S.”

First published in mid-August of 1940, Parade – edited by A.W. Parsons and Captain D.H. Flockhart – was published by the “Inter-Service Publications Directorate for the Joint Publications Board”.  The publication was printed in Cairo by Al Hilal, which was – according to the masthead – the “Sole Distributor for Egypt, Sudan, Syria, “Palestine” and Cyprus”.  As indicated by its title, Parade’s news coverage focused upon – but was certainly not limited to – British military activity in North Africa, the Middle East, and Mediterranean, in time expanding in scope to encompass news from other theaters of war, and the armed forces of other Allied nations, such as United States, Soviet Union, and other European countries.  The magazine frequently presented photographic essays about national, ethnic, and religious groups throughout the Middle East, as well as military, cultural, and social news from the British Isles.  Likewise, the back page of many issues featured a full-page-size pin-up of a prominent (or not so prominent?!) actress. 

In its day, Parade provided news for Commonwealth military personnel.  In our day, it offers a fascinating, retrospective view of the British military, as well as an “image” (quite literally, considering the abundance of illustrations in each issue!) of the early 1940s, as seen through and portrayed by British military and political leadership during that decade.

The images from “Convoy Girls of the A.T.S.” appear below. 

I hope to bring you further posts based upon images and articles in Parade, in the future.

– Michael G. Moskow

____________________

Brief and to the point, the following is the entirety of the text that accompanies the photos:

A Corporal poses beside her truck.

Parade - 1944 02 12 - Convoy Girls of the ATS 4A BWA group of drivers receives a briefing.

Parade - 1944 02 12 - Convoy Girls of the ATS 1A BWThe following image, showing a line-up of Dodge D15 GS trucks, is notable in two respects.

1) A British “roundel” – intended to provide rapid air-to-ground recognition to forestall “friendly-fire” by Allied aviators – is visible on the upturned hood of the middle truck.

2) Note that the face of the driver kneeling in front of her truck (the woman wearing heavy gloves) has been obscured, unlike her comrades.  This leads to conjecture…  Did she request anonymity to protect any family who still might be living in German-occupied Europe?

Parade - 1944 02 12 - Convoy Girls of the ATS 2A BWA Dodge is driven to an assembly point.

Parade - 1944 02 12 - Convoy Girls of the ATS 3A BWA group of drivers receive rations at a rest point.

Parade - 1944 02 12 - Convoy Girls of the ATS 5A BWThe same group as above.

Parade - 1944 02 12 - Convoy Girls of the ATS 6A BWWhether posed or genuine, this photo gives an indication of accommodations (or, lack thereof!) to be found in the desert!

Parade - 1944 02 12 - Convoy Girls of the ATS 7A BW____________________

The American Hebrew of January 19, 1945, in an article covering military service of volunteers from the Yishuv in the Allied armed forces, featured a photo (certainly posed) of a Yishuv A.T.S. driver in Italy.  Her cap badge is quite obvious. 

Here’s a much (!) better view of an A.T.S. cap badge, displayed at the website of the Historama Online History Shop:

____________________

Curiously, in place of its typical weekly back-page pin-ups of actresses, during 1943, three issues of Parade featured pin-ups promoting enlistment in the A.T.S.  These pin-ups are shown below.

Two of the pin-ups – by the Austrian artist A. Sevek – are idealized portraits of A.T.S. servicewomen, both wearing service caps bearing the organization’s badge.  Given the differences in the women’s facial features, Sevek’s drawings very likely depicted actual A.T.S. personnel.  Unfortunately (and quite understandably), Parade did not reveal their names.

The third A.T.S. pin-up isn’t – really! – a pin-up at all.  It’s actually a full-page photo (probably posed) of an A.T.S. servicewoman working on the engine of a Ford truck, intriguingly nicknamed “Partisan”.  The ad presents a more realistic – hence less idealized – depiction of an A.T.S. servicewoman in the Yishuv, or, Egyptian desert.  An unspoken message of the ad would seem to be, “Are you ready for the challenge?”

A notable aspect of the ad are the four “blurbs” promoting enlistment in the A.T.S., which answer the lead statement, “She has released a man…”  These are:

  • No – he wasn’t trapped under the bonnet.  He was doing a job, but could have been more usefully employed elsewhere.
  • By joining the A.T.S. this girl has enabled him to be released for more important duties with fighting troops in forward zone.
  • Girls are needed for the A.T.S. in the M.E. as drivers, clerks, storewomen, hospital orderlies, draughtswomen and ‘phone operators.
  • If you join the A.T.S. you will be helping soldiers with their jobs.  You will find the training interesting and conditions good.

The pin-up also includes the locations of A.T.S. recruiting offices.  These were located at:

In Egypt:

114, Rue Fouad, Alexandria
Kasr el Nil Barracks, Cairo
Sarafand

In the Yishuv:

Allenby Street, Tel-Aviv
Princess Mary Avenue, Jerusalem
Kingsway, Haifa

In closing… 

…a restored Ford F60L truck (1941 vintage), from the Wheels and Tracks website.  Just to give you an idea…!

____________________

As a part of this research, I’ve attempted to identify the Jewish servicewomen – from the Yishuv and elsewhere – who died while serving in the A.T.S. Their names are listed below.

A list of abbreviations follows each record, representing the following sources of information:

Gelber II – Jewish Palestinian Volunteering in the British Army During the Second World War – Volume II – The Struggle for A Jewish Army, by Dr. Yoav Gelber, Yav Izhak Ben-Zvi Publications, Jerusalem, Israel, 1981

TJC – The Jewish Chronicle

“WWRT I” and “WWRT II” – Volumes I and II of We Will Remember Them – A Record of the Jews Who Died in the Armed Forces of the Crown 1939-1945

____________________

Jewish Casualties in the Auxiliary Territorial Service
  In the Second World War

– .ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. –

Bat Shalom, Sara                                           Pvt.                       W/PAL/195678
5/29/42 (“Died in Egypt as the result of an accident.”)
Tel-el-Kebir War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt – 3,C,8
Gelber II – 318; TJC 8/13/43; WWRT I – 060, 238; WWRT I as “Bat-Shalom, Sara”; CWGC as “Ben Shalom, Sara”

Ben Baruch, Rachela                                     Pvt.
Israel, Rishon-le-Zion; 1925
Died on Active Service (Illness)
TJC 11/23/45 (Cannot identify in CWGC database)

Berger, Cornelia                                             Pvt.                       W/PAL/203704
9/3/44 (“Died in Egypt as the result of an accident.”)
Tel-el-Kebir War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt – 5,J,6
Gelber II – 318; WWRT I – 239

Best, Ruth                                                        Pvt.                       W/PAL/195938
4/29/43
Ramleh 1939-45 Memorial, Ramleh, Israel            
Gelber II – 318; WWRT I – NL; WWRT II – NL

Blank, Sara Rachela Shoshana                    Sgt.                       W/PAL/203880
12/20/44 (“Died in Israel as the result of an accident.”)
Ramleh War Cemetery, Ramleh, Israel – W,32
TJC 1/12/45; Gelber II – 318; WWRT I – 064, 239; WWRT I as “Blank, Shoshanah”

Butovitzky Stein, Chava                               Pvt.                       W/PAL/221031
3/24/43 (“Died in Egypt as the result of an accident.”)
Tel-el-Kebir War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt – 4,N,5
WWRT I – 240; WWRT I as “Butovitzky-Stein, Chava”; CWGC as “Stein Butovecky, Haya”

Courtman, Stefahia                                       Pvt.                       W/PAL/203386
10/4/45
Brookwood 1939-1945 Memorial – Panel 23, Column 1
Gelber II – 330; WWRT I – NL; WWRT II – NL

Epstein, Milada                                               Pvt.                       W/PAL/195790
6/14/43 (“Died in Egypt from Illness.”)
1906
Mr. Emil Epstein (husband), Northampton, England
Mr. and Mrs. Tomas Chytil and Frantiska Chytilova (parents)
Suez War Memorial Cemetery, Suez City, Egypt – 3,A,14
Gelber II – 317; WWRT I – 242 (WWRT I as “Epstein, Milda”; CWGC as “Epsteinova, Milada”)

Ettlinger, Dora Leslie                                     Pvt.                       W/PAL/245610
10/14/45 (“Died in Egypt.”)
Heliopolis War Cemetery, Heliopolis, Cairo, Egypt – 4,F,22
Gelber II – 316; WWRT I – 242

Kantorowicz, Chana                                      Pvt.                       W/PAL/245725
1/23/44 (“Died in Israel from illness.”)
Ramoth Hashovim Cemetery, Israel
Gelber II – 331; WWRT I – 247 (WWRT I as “Kantorowicz, Chana”; CWGC as “Kantorowitz, Hanna”)

Katz, Rosel                                                       Pvt.                       W/PAL/245671
Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, 2nd Base Workshop
7/15/43 (“Died in Egypt from Illness.”)
Tel-el-Kebir War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt – 4,K,4
Gelber II – 325; WWRT I – 248 (WWRT I as “Katz, Rozelle”; CWGC as “Katz, Rosel”)

Kelman, Lola                                                   Cpl.                       W/PAL/195297
12/24/42
Tel el Kebir War Memorial Cemetery – 1,B,10
Gelber II – 331; WWRT I – NL; WWRT II – NL

Krausz, Bertha                                                Pvt.                       W/88628
1904
5/13/42
Birmingham (Witton) Jewish Cemetery, Warwickshire, England – Section C, Row, 1, Grave 316
WWRT II – 17     

Krotovetsky, Chaia Stein
Tel-Aviv, Israel
TJC 4/16/43 (Cannot identify in CWGC database)

Levavi, Uhma                                                  Pvt.                       W/PAL/245414
1923
11/25/44            
Mr. and Mrs. Meir and Sonia Levavi (parents), Kibbutz Merhavia, Israel
Heliopolis War Cemetery, Heliopolis, Cairo, Egypt – 6,L,11
Gelber II – 325; TJC 12/22/44; WWRT I – NL; WWRT II – NL (TJC gives name as “Ochama Levavi“)

Loewenthal, Anna                                          Pvt.                       W/57556
1921
8/19/43              
Mr. and Mrs. Paul and Selma (Shoenfeld) Loewenthal (parents)
Miss K. Loewenthal (sister), c/o Mrs. Eber, 18 Hamilton Ave., Leeds, 7, England
Bristol Jewish Cemetery, Gloucestershire, England
TJC 9/3/43; WWRT I – 124

Mark, Tamar                                                   Pvt.                       W/PAL/220958
3/25/43 (“Died in Egypt as the result of an accident.”)
Kvutzat Avukah, Israel
Tel-el-Kebir War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt – 4,N,3
TJC 4/16/43; Gelber II – 326; WWRT I – 251

Neuberg, Miriam                                            Pvt.                       W/PAL/195720                 504th Company
6/22/42 (“Died in Egypt as the result of an accident.”)
Tel-el-Kebir War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt – 3,B,11
TJC 8/13/43; Gelber II – 327; WWRT I – 136, 253

Ostrogursky, Ilse                                            Pvt.                       W/PAL/245813
7/3/44 (“Died in Egypt [Alexandria] as the result of an accident.”)
Germany, Leschnitzer; 1915
Alexandria (Hadra) War Memorial Cemetery, Alexandria, Egypt – 6,E,14
Aufbau 12/8/44; WWRT I – 254 (WWRT I as “Ostrogursky, Ilse”; CWGC and Aufbau as “Ostrogorski, Anneliese”)

Vilenchook, Pnina                                          Pvt.                       W/PAL/245229
9/17/43
Tel Aviv (Nahlat Yitzhak) Cemetery, Tel Aviv, Israel – Plot 15, Row 9, Grave 5
Gelber II – 322; WWRT I – NL; WWRT II – NL

Weiss Politzer, Shoshana                              Pvt.                       W/PAL/203932
8/19/45 (“Died in Egypt as the result of an accident.”)
Heliopolis War Cemetery, Heliopolis, Cairo, Egypt – 4,G,20
Gelber II – 322; WWRT I – 261 (WWRT I as “Weiss-Politzer, Shoshana”; CWGC as “Weiss Politzer, Berse”)

Wirth, Bracha                                                  Pvt.                       W/PAL/221085
5/28/45 (“Died in Israel as the result of an accident.”)
Ramleh 1939-45 Memorial, Ramleh, Israel
Gelber II – 322; WWRT I – 262 (WWRT I as “Wirt, Bracha”)

Yahaloumy Chizik, Bat-Ami                         Pvt.                       W/PAL/203376
3/24/43
Metulah, Israel
Tel-el-Kebir War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt – 4,N,4
TJC 4/16/43 (TJC lists name as “Yahalomi, Batami”); Gelber II – 324; WWRT I – NL; WWRT II – NL

____________________

References – Author Listed

Gelber, Yoav, Jewish Palestinian Volunteering in the British Army During the Second World War – Volume II – The Struggle for A Jewish Army, Yav Izhak Ben-Zvi Publications, Jerusalem, Israel, 1981

Kessler, Oren, “In Israel and Palestinian Territories, British Still Tend Memory of 16,000 War Dead”, Tablet, November 11, 2013, at http://www.tabletmag.com/jewish-news-and-politics/151916/british-war-graves-in-israel (Accompanying photograph shows matzeva of Sara Rachela Shoshana Blank, at Ramle War Cemetery)

Medoff, Rafael, “Lag B’Omer 1942, ‘Jewish Amazons,’ And The Pyramids”, The Jewish Press, May 15, 2014, at http://www.jewishpress.com/indepth/opinions/lag-bomer-1942-jewish-amazons-and-the-pyramids/2014/05/15/

Morris, Henry, Edited by Gerald Smith, We Will Remember Them – A Record of the Jews Who Died in the Armed Forces of the Crown 1939 – 1945, 1989, Brassey’s, United Kingdom, London (See “The Palestinian Jewish Volunteers”, pp. 235 – 263)

Morris, Henry, Edited by Hilary Halter, We Will Remember Them – A Record of the Jews Who Died in the Armed Forces of the Crown 1939 – 1945 – An Addendum, 1994, AJEX, United Kingdom, London

References – No Author

A. Sevek (website of Dr. Bex Lewis), at http://drbexl.co.uk/2010/03/01/a-sevek/

Auxiliary Territorial Service (Wikipedia), at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auxiliary_Territorial_Service

ATS and WAAF in World War Two (Jewish Women’s Archive), at https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/ats-and-waaf-in-world-war-ii

A.T.S. Remembered (ATS Remembered), at http://www.atsremembered.org.uk/

A.T.S. Hat Badge (Historama Online History Shop), at http://www.historama.com/history-shop/israeli-jewish-militaria/hat-badge-of-auxiliary-territorial-service-ats-,-british-army-1941-45-detail.html

Dodge D15 GS Truck (Canada at War), at http://www.canadaatwar.ca/forums/showthread.php?t=3863

Canadian Military Pattern Trucks, at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_Military_Pattern_truck

Ford F8 and Ford F60 Trucks, at http://wheelsandtracks.blogspot.com/2012_02_01_archive.html

“Jewish Parachutists Join British Forces; Jewish Artillery Unit Formed in Palestine”, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, February 26, 1942, at http://www.jta.org/1942/02/26/archive/jewish-parachutists-join-british-forces-jewish-artillery-unit-formed-in-palestine

“Parade – Middle-East Weekly” (Westleton Chapel Books), at https://www.chapelbooks.com/shop/chapel/19415100.html

“The Face Behind the Poster [Leah Seidmann] (World Zionist Organization – Central Zionist Archives)”, at http://www.zionistarchives.org.il/en/AttheCZA/Pages/ATS.aspx#!prettyPhoto (Website also presents ATS recruiting posters, and, images of ATS personnel)

Convoy Girls of the ATS, Parade, February 12, 1944