Soldiers from New York: Jewish Soldiers in The New York Times, in World War Two: 1 Lt. Arthur S. Goldstein – April 2, 1945

The name of Second Lieutenant Arthur S. Goldstein (0-558376) appeared in a Casualty List published on May 10, 1945, indicating that he was missing in action in Europe.  Only eleven months later – in an obituary (below) published on April 8, 1946 – was it confirmed and revealed that he was killed in action on April 2, 1945, in Germany.  A member of the 36th Tank Battalion of the 8th Armored Division, his name is commemorated on the Tablets of the Missing at the Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery, Henri-Chapelle, Belgium.

The 36th Tank Battalion After Action Reports for April of 1945 are enigmatic about his fate, only indicating that the Battalion incurred the losses of 1 officer and 5 enlisted men killed, and 3 officers and 33 enlisted men wounded, during that month.  Few specifics are given pertaining to the dates when and locations where most of these casualties occurred, and the mens’ names do not appear in the document.

Consistent with the records of many other American Second World War Casualties who remain “Missing in Action”, the American Battle Monuments Commission’s commemorative record for Lt. Goldstein gives his date of death as April 3, 1946, symbolically reflecting the passage of one year plus one day, from the calendar date on which he was actually killed.

Killed During a Battle In Germany a Year Ago

A Google street view of the Goldstein family’s wartime residence:  200 West 93rd Street, in Manhattan.

Second Lieut. Arthur S. Goldstein, who was reported missing in action on April 28, 1945, was killed during a battle at Neuhaus, Germany, the War Department yesterday notified his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Goldstein, of 200 West Ninety-Third Street.  Lieutenant Goldstein was 22 years old.

A Graduate of Townsend Harris High School, Lieutenant Goldstein was attending City College in 1942 when he entered the Army.  He was a member of Sigma Alpha Mu Fraternity.  In addition to his parents, he leaves two brothers, Richard and Irving, and a sister, Carol.

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Some other Jewish military casualties on Monday, April 2, 1945, include…

Killed in Action

– .ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. –

Abrahams, Samuel, Trooper, 406603
England, Royal Armoured Corps
Mrs. Florence May Abrahams (wife), 26 Oakland Grove, Shepherd’s Bush, London, W12, England
Mr. Henry Abrahams (father)
Born 1915
Hasselt (Kruisveld) Communal Cemetery, Hasselt, Limburg, Belgium – Row C, Grave 3
The Jewish Chronicle 4/20/45
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 54

Berkowitz
, Isaac, T/4, 33054832, Purple Heart

United States Army, 77th Infantry Division, 305th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Meyer Berkowitz (father), 634 Jackson St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Jacob, Pvt. Larry M. and Maurice (brothers), 348 Wolf St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Born 1920
Mount Lebanon Cemetery, Collingdale, Pa. (?)
The Jewish Exponent 10/13/44, 6/8/45
Philadelphia Inquirer 5/27/45
Philadelphia Record 10/4/44, 5/28/45
American Jews in World War II – 511

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Blume, Nathan J., S/Sgt., 42080027, Purple Heart
United States Army, 91st Chemical Battalion
Mrs. Nessie Blume (mother), 517 West 3rd St., Wilmington, De.
Born 1/17/14
Jewish Community Cemetery, Wilmington, De.
American Jews in World War II – 73

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Brids, Martin R., PFC, 31294009, Purple Heart (at Luzon, Philippines)
United States Army, 6th Infantry Division, 1st Infantry Regiment
Mrs. Anna Brids (mother), 55 Broadway, Quincy, Ma.
Born 1924
Manila American Cemetery, Manila, Philippines – Plot F, Row 16, Grave 101
American Jews in World War II – 152

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Danowitz, Jack M., 2 Lt., 0-868103, Flight Engineer, Air Medal, Purple Heart
United States Army Air Force, 20th Air Force, 499th Bomb Group, 877th Bomb Squadron
Mr. Kive Danowitz (father), Betty, Hubert (?), and Samuel (sister and brothers), 1271 Grant Ave., New York, N.Y.
MACR 13763; Aircraft: B-29 42-24650; “Jug Haid II”, “V 2”; Pilot: 1 Lt. Kenneth H. Dustin; 9 crewmen – no survivors
Mount Lebanon Cemetery, Glendale, N.Y. – Block WC, Section 5, Line 24, Grave 22, Workmen’s Circle Society
Casualty List 5/14/45
American Jews in World War II – 295

According to co-pilot Robert B. Merz’s biographical profile at Fold3.com, JUG HAID II was, …”hit with flak from anti-aircraft artillery while over the target area, and crashed in Ituka, near Kawasaki City in the Kanagawa Prefecture of Japan.”

This image of JUG HAID II’s nose art, possibly painted by Jim Howley (from Newark, New Jersey) is from his biographical profile at Sallyann Wagoner’s website (B-29.org) covering the history of the B-29 Superfortress. 

Documentation about Lt. Danowitz’s Missing in Action status includes the following “Record of Casualty”, recorded by and through the efforts of Major David I. Cedarbaum.  This document is one of 78 such records about Jewish casualties compiled by Major Cederabuam, as part of his overall efforts to document the service of Jewish airmen in the 20th Air Force.  He envisioned the postwar creation of a book about this subject.  Unfortunately, this never came to fruition. 

Based on the handwriting, this document seems to have been completed by W.D. Bary on Major Cedarbaum’s behalf.  The text states:  “Lt. Kenneth H. Dustin was the Airplane Commander.  The day prior to their final mission they were on another mission in which they dropped out of formation into danger by circling a plane that had ditched until rescue came for it.  On the April 2nd mission which [was] a night mission, four planes failed to return.  2 collided in the darkness and none were rescued & 2 were battle-damaged over the target & went down.   Conjecture can fashion a picture out of this information, but these are the only facts. – W.D. Bray”

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Dolsky, Jack, Sgt., 16124052, Radio Operator, Air Medal, 5 Oak Leaf Clusters, Purple Heart
United States Army Air Force, 13th Air Force, 5th Bomb Group, 23rd Bomb Squadron
Mrs. Helen D. Bram (sister), 2137 East 70th St., Chicago, Il.
MACR 14289; Aircraft: B-24J 44-70148; Pilot: 1 Lt. William C. Robison; 10 crewmen – no survivors
Tablets of the Missing at Manila American Cemetery, Manila, Philippines
Casualty List 5/11/45
American Jews in World War II – 97

Sergeant Dolsky’s aircraft, piloted by 1 Lt. William C. Robison, vanished on April 2, 1945, after a morning take-off from Green Island, for a strike mission to the Truk Islands.   Ten days later, Major Christopher Goldsbury, Commander of the 72nd Bomb Squadron, recorded that, “Airplane 42-70148 was never seen after take off, and no trace was ever found of either the airplane or its crew.”  Though the MACR records no specific reason for the plane’s loss, the document does mention the presence of, “Severe frontal areas between Green Island and Truk Islands.” 

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Epstein, Sampson M., Pvt., 32675682, Purple Heart
United States Army, 8th Infantry Division, 28th Infantry Regiment
Mr. and Mrs. Morris and Ethel Isaacson (brother in law and sister), 25 Harris St., Rochester, N.Y.
Born Rochester, N.Y., 4/4/23
Stonewood Avenue Cemetery, Rochester, N.Y. – Beth Hamedresh Hagodel Section; Buried 1/16/49
http://www.rootsweb.com/~nymonroe/cem/vets-britton.htm
Casualty Lists 5/3/45, 6/9/45
Rochester Democrat and Chronicle 4/24/45
American Jews in World War II – 303

Ezra, Albert, S 1C, 7077834, Seaman, Purple Heart
United States Navy
Mr. and Mrs. Isaac and Rosa Ezra (parents), Jacob and Louis (brothers), 160 Havemeyer St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 6/4/22, New York, N.Y.
Served in New York National Guard from 1/13/41 to 8/2/41
Tablets of the Missing at Honolulu Memorial, Honolulu, Hawaii
Casualty List 6/7/45
American Jews in World War II – Not listed

Fordham, Samuel Bernard, LAC, 2248679 (in Holland)
England, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve
Mr. and Mrs. Morris and Racheal Fordham (parents), Clapton, London, England
Born 1922
Venray War Cemetery, Limburg, Netherlands – V,F,13
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 196

Glassman, William, PFC, 33122472, Purple Heart (Pacific Theater)
United States Army, 242nd Engineer Combat Battalion
Mrs. Miriam Glassman (wife), 2600 Briggs Ave., New York, N.Y.
Casualty List 5/31/45
Tablets of the Missing at Honolulu Memorial, Honolulu, Hawaii
American Jews in World War II – 322 (?)

Goldstein, Jacob, PFC, 32963601, Purple Heart
United States Army, 25th Infantry Division, 161st Infantry Regiment
Mrs. Rebecca Goldstein (mother), 483 Hopkinson Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Mr. Max Goldstein (brother), 1607 Prospect Place, Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 1914
Manila American Cemetery, Manila, Philippines – Plot F, Row 12, Grave 27
Casualty List 5/3/45
American Jews in World War II – 328

Goldwater, James J., PFC, 36299626
United States Army, 382nd Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion
Mr. Myer Goldwater (father), 1235 Superior Ave., Sheboygan, Wi.
Born 1923
Manila American Cemetery, Manila, Philippines – Plot J Row 11, Grave 72
American Jews in World War II – 584

Harar, Mordechai Shimon, Pvt., PAL/11401
England, Pioneer Corps
Died in Israel from illness
Ramleh 1939-45 Memorial, Ramleh, Israel
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 246, as “Hahar, Sh. M.”; CWGC as “Harar, Mordechai Shimon”

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Herstam, Gordon Alan, Ensign, 0-164083, Navigator, Purple Heart
United States Navy, USS Goodhue
Killed by a Japanese suicide plane while acting as beach-master
Mr. and Mrs. Nathan and Lillian G. Herstam (parents), 2583 Overlook Road, Cleveland Heights, Oh.
Mrs. Ruth (Herstam) Goettinger (sister)
Born 1924
Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va. – Section 34, Grave 4369
Cleveland Press & Plain Dealer, April 22 & 23, 1945, March 22, 1949
American Jews in World War II – 489

This photo of Ensign Herstam’s matezva is by FindAGrave contributor Michael [Randy] Walsh

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Katz, Harry, PFC, 32410987 (Pacific Theater)
United States Army, 242nd Engineer Combat Battalion
Mrs. Lena Katz (mother), 9 Roberg Place, Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 1914
Tablets of the Missing at Honolulu Memorial, Honolulu, Hawaii
Casualty List 5/29/45
American Jews in World War II – 358

Lebhar, Jacques, Soldat (AC 21 P 72422), Croix de Guerre (at Belheim, Germany)
French Army
“In spite of a violent bombardment which had put horses and a large part of his section out of action, he gave care to his wounded comrades, and carried his severely wounded Section Chief under a heavy burst of fire.  Returning to his post at the moment when the Chief himself was wounded, he reassured his comrades and kept them in order by telling them: “Those who remain, at my command.” / Fallen gloriously at the Battle of the Somme.”
(Malgre un violent bombardement qui avait mis hors de combat kes cadres et une grosse partie de sa Section, à donne des soins à ses camarades blessés et transporté sur son dos, sous une rafale intense, son chef de Section grièvement blessé.  Revenu à son poste au moment où le Chef se Section lui-même était blessé, a rassuré ses camarades et les maintenus en ordre en leur disant: “Ceux qui restant, à mon commandement.” / Tombé glorieusement à la bataille de la Somme.)
23eme Infanterie, 9eme B.M.I.

Born Oran, Algeria, 4/30/19
Place of burial unknown
Livre d’Or et de Sang – 158

Levin, Mota Veniaminovich (Левин, Мота Вениаминович), Technician-Lieutenant [Техник-Лейтенант], Technician (Flight) [Техник Звена]
U.S.S.R., Military Air Forces – VVS, 311th Assault Aviation Division, 925th Assault Aviation Regiment
Mrs. Anna Veniaminovna Ginsburg (sister)
Born 1918

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Levy, Jules, 2 Lt., 0-2057961, Navigator, Air Medal, Purple Heart, 10 missions
United States Army Air Force, 20th Air Force, 497th Bomb Group, 869th Bomb Squadron
Mrs. Rose Levy (mother), 1342 East 18th St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 12/18/21, Brooklyn, N.Y.
Selman Field 44-G
MACR 13764; Aircraft: B-29 42-93883; Pilot: 1 Lt. Edwin F. Dietzel; 11 crewmen – no survivors
Tablets of the Missing at Honolulu Memorial, Honolulu, Hawaii
Casualty List 5/9/45
American Jews in World War II – Not listed

The crew of B-29 42-93883 (nickname – if it had one – unknown) – lost during a mission to Tokyo – have never been found.  As recorded in the MACR, the “Aircraft took-off at 2100, 2 April 1945, Saipan, and was never seen or heard from since.”

Perhaps – supposition, on my part – the aircraft crashed at sea.

The photographic portrait below – of Lieutenant Levy – is one of 21 such images featured in Noah and Sadie G. Finkelstein’s 1951 book, Memorial Album – Dedicated to the Boys of the 20th Air Force

Akin to the report about Lt. Danowitz’s (above), Major Cedarbaum created a report covering Lt. Levy, as reported by Chaplain Hangse.  With no information about the plane and crew, the report simply states, “Bombing mission to Tokyo.  Did not return, no one saw it or heard from it, and no further information has ever been received.  Place of casualty is unknown.”

Biographies of the servicemen accompanying the photographic photographs in the Finkelstein’s book.  Typically written by the serviceman’s parents and (understandably; naturally; humanly) somewhat hagiographical, they are invaluable in terms of genealogy, and, in the way they invoke the aura of the 1930s and 1940s.  Jules’ biography, written by his mother, is presented below:

JULES LEVY

(December 18, 1921 – April 2, 1945)

Had Jules Levy lived his normal life-span, his absorbing passion for music, with special emphasis on the art of piano playing, would eventually have guided his career.  To understand the underlying motives in a young man’s mind and heart which stir him to creative tasks is to understand the main-springs of his character, and the finest tribute that can be paid to Jules’ memory is the attempt to picture those creative strivings in him.

He was born in Brooklyn. N.Y. on December 18, 1921.  There he graduated from Public School 197, James Madison High School, and religious school at Temple B’nai B’rith.  He studied music at City College, and later did clerical work for the government in Washington before entering the service.

He was promoted from the ranks to receive flying training and graduated from Salem Field as a navigator on a B-29. He was lost April 2, 1945, after having flown ten missions.  He had earned the Purple Heart Award.

His mother reveals that he was essentially of a reserved nature with an inner refinement, and very normal with respect to his liking of sports and other activities.  His letters home reflected a certain wisdom beyond his years, no doubt, from the grim experiences that the boys at the front encountered in their day to day living – with the unknown always a very present factor.  Throughout it all, however, Jules did not forget his real interest in life, his real passion – music, and he allowed himself the luxury, mental and spiritual, of dreaming what would be after the war.

Jules’ thoughts about music were not only creative, but they were mature.  He knew that we do not live by bread alone.  The fact that millions were fighting for something – different things to different men – was proof that each man needed to believe in some living principle.  Justice, democracy and those related concepts, were some of the things men believed in and fought for, even as he.

Beyond that, for Jules, were the creative things identified with music.  Music, like the other arts, opened up new worlds for humanity, and set standards by which to live as well.  He did not live to fulfill himself in this field, but at least he knew what he wanted, and what he wanted is a fitting memorial to the fine spirit which he possessed.

He is survived by his mother Rose Levy and a sister

______________________________

Liebgott, Jean (AC-21P-76880) (at Plobsheim, Bas-Rhin, France)
France, Armée de Terre, 2eme Bataillon de Chasseurs
Tué au combat
France, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Jouef
Born 8/2/02
Place of burial unknown

Lorber, Lawrence M., PFC, 35059641, Purple Heart
United States Army, Americal Division, 182nd Infantry Regiment
Mr. and Mrs. Harry and Myrtle Lorber (parents), 1103 Parkwood Drive, Cleveland, Oh.
Mrs. Mildred Cohn (sister)
Born 1925
Place of burial – unknown
http://www.clevelandvetsmemorial.org/GCVM_Honor_Roll_Profile.asp?Infantry Division=1679
Cleveland Press, May 9, 1945, August 30, 1948
American Jews in World War II – 494

Mantell, William, M/Sgt., 12061488, Purple Heart (on Okinawa)
United States Army
Mr. Leon Mantell (father), “Clair, Gertrude, and Sam”, 1446 President St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Born 1913
Place of burial – unknown
Casualty List 5/28/45
New York Times Obituary Memorial Section 3/31/46, 4/6/47
American Jews in World War II – 387

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Marcus, Joseph, S/Sgt., 39284367, Radio Operator, Air Medal, Purple Heart
United States Army Air Force, 13th Air Force, 5th Bomb Group, 23rd Bomb Squadron
Mrs. Sadie T. Marcus (mother), 1302 Gordon St., Hollywood, Ca.
Born 8/7/23
MACR 14252; Aircraft: B-24M 44-41853; Pilot: 2 Lt. Arthur M. Zipse; 11 crewmen – no survivors
Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery, San Diego, Ca. – Section I, Grave 192; Buried 4/27/50
American Jews in World War II – 49

S/Sgt. Marcus’ Liberator, piloted by 2 Lt. Arthur M. Zipse, vanished during an observation flight to the northwest sector of the Negros Island, in the central part of the Philippine archipelago.   As reported in MACR 14252, at 1400 / I, the aircraft was contacted by two F4U Corsairs of Marine Air Group 14 while in the area assigned for the mission – Negros Island – and at that time, was not in difficulty.  Forty-five minutes later, at 1445 / I, the plane was again contacted by MAG 14 F4Us, with Lt. Zipse reporting that his destination was Bacolod, the capital city of Negros Island.  

Two hours later, at 1600 / I, MAG 14’s fighters were unable to make contact with the Liberator.   

Though the MACR sheds no further light on the fate of the crew, a record at FindAGrave for navigator 2 Lt. Donald C. Schwerin reveals more about the aircraft’s fate:  “For some time after the crewmen were reported missing in action, hope was maintained that eventually they might be found alive on an isolated south Pacific island.  It was discovered later, however, that the plane had crashed into a mountain in what was then Japanese held territory.  All the crewmen had been killed.”

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Marks, Delbert Harold, 2 Lt., 0-34916, Fighter Pilot (Test Pilot)
United States Marine Corps, 9th Marine Air Wing, Marine Air Group 91, Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Maryland
Aircraft: F4U-1D Corsair, Bureau Number 80771; Crashed near Nickle Mine, Lancaster, Pa.
Mr. Sol Marks (father), Cpl. Seymour Marks and Miss Shirley Marks (brother and sister), 12325 Saint Clair Ave., Cleveland, Oh.
Born 1921
Place of burial unknown
Cleveland Press & Plain Dealer, April 4 & 7, 1945
American Jews in World War II – 494

Marshak, Lawrence, PFC, 563809, Purple Heart
United States Marine Corps, 6th Marine Division, 4th Marine Regiment, 3rd Battalion, L Company
Mr. Sam Marshak (father), 180 East 40th St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Place of Burial Unknown
Casualty List 6/15/45
American Jews in World War II – 389

Mosbacher, Stephen Sigmund, S/Sgt., 35554027, Silver Star, Purple Heart
United States Army, 8th Armored Division
Dr. and Mrs. Emil and Rose Mosbacher (parents), 617 Eleanor Ave., Cleveland, Oh.
Born Nurnberg, Gemany, 1923
Aufbau 4/27/45, 5/18/45
Netherlands American Cemetery, Margraten, Netherlands – Plot I, Row 11, Grave 9
American Jews in World War II – 495

Nirenberg, Alvin Harold, S 2C, 7140825, Seaman
United States Navy, Ammunition Ship (name unknown)
Mr. and Mrs. Nathan and Ruth Nirenberg (parents), 29 Park Ave., Mount Vernon, N.Y.
Mr. Leon Veeder (cousin), New Rochelle, N.Y.
Born 1926
Mount Hebron Cemetery, Flushing, N.Y. – Block 51, Reference 14, Section F, Line 11, Grave 6 – Nova Radomsker Society
Mount Vernon Daily Argus 4/5/45
American Jews in World War II – 400

Rosenberg, Bernard, SM 3C, 8099343, Signalman, Purple Heart
United States Navy
Mr. Sam Rosenberg (father), 273 Amboy St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Tablets of the Missing at Honolulu Memorial, Honolulu, Hawaii
Casualty List 5/29/45
American Jews in World War II – Not listed

Schiff, David, PFC, 42058131, Bronze Star Medal, Purple Heart
United States Army, 97th Infantry Division, 387th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Morris Neidich (friend), 449 Powell St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Tablets of the Missing at Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery, Henri-Chapelle, Belgium
Casualty Lists 5/18/45, 1/16/46
American Jews in World War II – Not listed

Scholem, Dan, Driver, PAL/30212
England, Royal Army Service Corps, Number 2, Commando
Mr. and Mrs. Hugo and Marianna Scholem (parents), Brussels, Belgium
Born 1924
Ravenna War Cemetery, Piangipane, Ravenna, Italy – IV,C,1
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 156, 258, as “Sholem, Dan (Robert)”; CWGC as “Scholem, Robert”

Schreer, Schlomo, Pvt., 16727
England, Palestine Regiment, 1st Battalion
Ravenna War Cemetery, Piangipane, Ravenna, Italy – IV,C,2
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 156, 257, as “Shrier (Shrir), Shlomo” and “Screer, S”; CWGC as “Schreer, S.”

Schwartzstein, Georges (AC-21P-153111)
France, Francs Tireurs et Partisans Français
Concentration camp; Décédé en deportation (Mauthausen, Austria)
From Paris, France
Born 7/10/19

Sigal, Isaak Peysakhovich (Сигал, Исаак Пейсахович), Guards Senior Lieutenant [Гвардии Старший Лейтенант]
U.S.S.R., Red Army, 379th Guards Heavy Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment, Military Unit / Military Post 29867
Commanding Officer – Communications
Born 1921
Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Volume VIII – 478 [Книги Памяти еврееввоинов, павших в боях с нацизхмом в 1941-1945 гг – Том VIII 478]

Wohlauer, Wolf Hans, T/5, 39699670, Purple Heart (in Germany)
United States Army, 8th Infantry Division, 49th Armored Infantry Battalion
Mrs. H.S. Wohlauer (wife), 1141 South Cochran Ave., Los Angeles, Ca.
Born 1914
Netherlands American Cemetery, Margraten, Holland – Plot D, Row 10, Grave 16
American Jews in World War II – 57

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Second Lieutenant Norman Dubb and First Lieutenant Edward M. Rudofsky were the navigator and co-pilot of B-29 44-69752 (“T square 15“), an aircraft of the 873rd Bomb Squadron of the 498th Bomb Group (20th Air Force) which was commanded by 1 Lt. William E. Filbert.  The aircraft’s loss is covered in MACR 13761, which includes the enigmatic statement, “Aircraft AAF # 44-69752 left this station at approximately 2100, 1 April 1945 on a bombing mission over Tokyo, Japan.  At time of this report the aircraft is 12 hours overdue.  No information whatsoever has been received from the aircraft since its departure.”

The aircraft disappeared during a mission to Tokyo, having been shot down by anti-aircraft fire.   There were no survivors from the crew of 11.  Information about the bomber’s loss (and similar records concerning other American warplanes lost over Japan) can be found at aomorikuushuu.jpn.org

The crew was buried in collective grave 322 (seen below, in an image by KCK, in Section 81 of the Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery, on January 19, 1949.

Dubb, Norman, 2 Lt., 0-702155, Navigator
Mr. and Mrs. Henry and Lillian (Kasan) Dubb (parents), 4642 Saint Elmo Drive, Los Angeles, Ca.
Born in Maryland, in 1919
American Jews in World War II – Not listed

Rudofsky, Edward M., 1 Lt., 0-795484, Co-Pilot, Air Medal, Purple Heart
Mrs. Louise G. Rudofsky (wife), 309 East 34th St., Savannah, Ga.
Casualty List 5/14/45
American Jews in World War II – 89

This photo of Lt. Rudofsky, provided by Louis Zacks, appears in his biographical profile at the National World War II Memorial website.

______________________________

Prisoner of War

Spivack, Maxwell, PFC, 12110922 (in Germany)
United States Army, 9th Infantry Division, 60th Infantry Regiment
POW – Camp unknown
Mr. Martin Spivack (father), 241 East Moshulu Parkway, Bronx, N.Y.
Born 1924
Casualty List 5/27/45
American Jews in World War II – 452

Wounded in Action

Davis, Jack, Sgt., C/125033
Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps
Mr. Leon Davis (father), 3259 West 10th Ave., Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Born Vancouver, British Columbia, 10/12/18
Canadian Jews in World War II – Part II: Casualties – 92

Goldstein
, Julius, T/5, 33177105 (at Kerama, Okinawa)

United States Army
Mr. and Mrs. Jacob and Rose Goldstein (parents), 2630 S. 9th St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Born 1912
The Jewish Exponent 7/6/45
Philadelphia Record 6/26/45
Philadelphia Bulletin 6/26/45
American Jews in World War II – 525

Panitz, Irwin Arthur, S 1C, 7121120, Seaman, Purple Heart
United States Navy, USS Henrico
WIA; Experienced multiple burns; Returned to duty
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Jack and Cecile Panitz (parents), 1432 Crotona Park East, Bronx, N.Y.
Born 1925
American Jews in World War II – 403

Weiss, Leonard, Sgt., 33085239, Purple Heart (in Germany)
United States Army
Mrs. Betty E. Weiss (wife), 632 S. 55th St. (or) 5127 Whitaker Ave., Philadelphia, Pa.
Born 1920
The Jewish Exponent 5/4/45
Philadelphia Inquirer and Philadelphia Record 4/28/45
American Jews in World War II – 559

Wolf, Robert Raymond, Pvt., 563969, Purple Heart
United States Marine Corps, 3rd Marine Division, 9th Marine Regiment, 3rd Battalion, K Company
Mr. John Wolf (father), 11 Vreeland Ave., Passaic, N.J.
American Jews in World War II – 259

Other Incidents

Returned after aircraft landed in Soviet-controlled territory…

Robin, William H., S/Sgt., 14132611, Flight Engineer, Air Medal
United States Army Air Force, 15th Air Force, 454th Bomb Group, 739th Bomb Squadron
Aircraft landed at Pecs, Hungary; Presumably returned, with fellow crewmen, to American forces via Soviet Military
Mrs. Rose Robin (mother), 241 Cherokee Road, Nashville, Tn.
MACR 13475; Aircraft: B-24L 44-49927; Pilot: F/O George R. Buitts; 10 crewmen – all survived
American Jews in World War II – 568

According to a massive database compiled by the Soviet Transports research team (specifically, “Western-Built Aircraft in Soviet & Eastern Block Service” (March 2017)) intact B-24L 44-49927 eventually – (unsurprisingly!) – passed into Soviet Air Force service.  The plane probably served in the 25th Aviation Regiment – Long Range (25 АП ДД) at Balbasovo (an air base in Belarus) which was redesignated the 203rd Aviation Regiment (203 АП) in December of 1945.  

Last known sighting of a still-missing fighter pilot…

Rosenbloom, Sidney Eugene, 2 Lt., 0-2059842, Fighter Pilot, Air Medal
United States Army Air Force, 15th Air Force, 325th Fighter Group, 318th Fighter Squadron
Mrs. Harriet Selma (Silverstein) Rosenbloom (wife)
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Joshua and Bessie Rosenbloom (parents), 1235 North Hanley, St. Louis, Mo.
Born Saint Louis, Mo., 8/10/22; Died 9/18/11
Name appears in MACR 13641
Made last known sighting of Capt. Harry A. Parker (son of Mrs. Hannah (Craig) Parker, 8 Grove St., Milford, N.H.), who was flying P-51D 44-14462, “Albemarie Pippin”, during a strafing mission to vicinity of Vienna, Austria
Capt. Parker is listed on the Tablets of the Missing at Florence American Cemetery, Florence, Italy.  He received the Silver Star and Purple Heart
American Jews in World War II – 215

References

Chiche, F., Livre d’Or et de Sang – Les Juifs au Combat: Citations 1939-1945 de Bir-Hakeim au Rhin et Danube, Edition Brith Israel, Tunis, Tunisie, 1946

Dublin, Louis I., and Kohs, Samuel C., American Jews in World War II – The Story of 550,000 Fighters for Freedom, The Dial Press, New York, N.Y., 1947

Finkelstein, Noah and Sadie G., Memorial Album – Dedicated to the Boys of the 20th Air Force, Noah and Sadie G. Finkelstein, Los Angeles, Ca., 1951

Morris, Henry, Edited by Gerald Smith, We Will Remember Them – A Record of the Jews Who Died in the Armed Forces of the Crown 1939 – 1945, Brassey’s, United Kingdom, London, 1989

Canadian Jews in World War II
– Part II: Casualties, Canadian Jewish Congress, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 1948


Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Volume VII [
Surnames beginning with all letters of the alphabet], Maryanovskiy, M.F., Pivovarova, N.A., Sobol, I.S. (editors), Union of Jewish War Invalids and Veterans, Moscow, Russia, 2002

South African Jews in World War Two, Eagle Press, South African Jewish Board of Deputies, Johannesburg, South Africa, 1950

 

Soldiers from New York: Jewish Soldiers in The New York Times, in World War Two: PFC David E. Glatter – February 12, 1945

One theme among many in this ongoing series of posts about Jewish military casualties of the Second World War – whose obituaries appeared in The New York Times – is that these news items typically pertain to casualties incurred from late 1944 through the war’s end, in 1945.

In that sense, this post – for Private David E. Glatter of Brooklyn – is no exception.

A member of the 1255th Engineer Combat Battalion of the 6th Cavalry Group, David was one of the battalion’s eleven soldiers who lost their lives (51 others having been wounded) on February 12, 1945, during the liberation of Vianden, Luxembourg.

These soldiers are commemorated by a memorial located at the “View Point” of Vianden Castle, the text of a plaque there (shown below) reading:

VETERANS OF THE 1255TH COMBAT ENGINEERS
HONOR THE MEMORY OF
JACK BENDER              DAVID GLATTER
NATHAN CORLEY           EDWARD GRIFFIN
CYREL EVANOW            MARION HANSON
IRA GAMBILL                 CHARLES NANCE
VINCENT GAMBINO       HAROLD SMITH
WILLIAM TIFF
WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES ON FEBRUARY 12, 1945
AT VIANDEN
SI HUN D’LIEWE GELOOSS FIR D’FRAIHEET
                                                     FEBRUARY 12, 1995

News items about David appeared in The New York Times (below) on September 25, 1945, and, the Oswego Palladium Times on 9/29/45.

Hero Died of Wounds Suffered in Luxembourg

PFC David E. Glatter, son of Mr. and Mrs. Harry H. Glatter of 921 Washington Avenue, Brooklyn, died Feb. 14 of wounds suffered two days before in military operations in Luxembourg.  He was 19 years old.

For heroic achievement on Feb. 12 in Luxembourg he received posthumously the Bronze Star Medal.  During bitter fighting in the town of Vianden, the citation said, for a part of the time he stood alone on the river bank and delivered telling fire on a group of the enemy only 100 yards away.  On another occasion, when his platoon was pinned down by a German machine gun, he took his automatic rifle into the street and made a bold effort to silence the enemy gun.

Before entering the Army two years ago he was a student at Oswego State Teachers College and represented the school at inter-scholastic debates.

______________________________

A 2017 Google Street View of the Glatter family’s wartime residence: 921 Washington Avenue, in Brooklyn.

David is buried at the Long Island National Cemetery, in Farmingdale, N.Y. (Section J, Grave 13890)  A photograph of his matzeva, by Ronzoni, appears below.  His name appears on page 322 of American Jews in World War II

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Some other Jewish military casualties on Monday, February 12, 1945, include…

Killed in Action

– .ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. –

Epstein, Frank H., Sgt., 32143761, Purple Heart
United States Army, 38th Infantry Division, 152nd Infantry Regiment
Mrs. Elizabeth Hewson (mother), 15 Morgan St., Rochester, N.Y.
Mrs. Irving Acker, Mrs. Arnold Van Scooter, and Mrs. Evelyn Epstein (sisters); Eugene T. Oliver (?)
Born 1916
Manila American Cemetery, Manila, Philippines – Plot D, Row 6, Grave 38
Rochester Democrat and Chronicle 3/24/45
American Jews in World War II – Not Listed

Goldberg, Sydney, Pvt., S/14679732 (in Northwest Europe)
England, Royal Army Service Corps
Mr. and Mrs. Mark and Esther Goldberg (parents), Cricklewood, Middlesex, England
35 Warwick Lodge, Shoot-up Hill, London, NW2, England
Born 1926
Reichswald Forest War Cemetery, Kleve, Germany – 45,E,15
The Jewish Chronicle 4/27/45
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 92

______________________________

Greenfield, Alvin, ARM 3C, 7084420, Aviation Radioman, Purple Heart
United States Navy, Patrol Squadron VP-130
Mr. Jesse Greenfield (father), 303 Berriman Road, Brooklyn, N.Y.
Aircraft: Lockheed PV-1 Ventura, Bureau Number 49464; Pilot: Lt. Richard V. Umphrey; 6 crewmen – no survivors
Tablets of the Missing at Manila American Cemetery, Manila, Philippines
Casualty List 4/1/45
http://www.dtic.mil/dpmo/
http://www.vpnavy.org/vp2_1945.html
American Jews in World War II – 335

The document below (from Fold3.com), from VP-130’s War Diary for February of 1945, covers the loss of Lieutenant Umphrey’s Ventura.  Like innumerable Allied aircraft lost during the Second World War, no wreckage or crewmen were ever recovered, and no definitive cause of the plane’s loss could ever be determined.  However, the entry does suggest that, “The most likely possibilities are that either engine trouble resulted in a forced landing at sea, or the plane was shot down in the Zamboanga area, on the southwest tip of Mindanao, where there was a known concentration of AA.”  (Anti-Aircraft)

Besides Aviation Radio Man Greenfield, the crew (their towns and cities of residence, as listed in the 1946 publication Combat Connected Naval Casualties, World War II, by States. 1946. U. S. Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard) consisted of the following:

Umphrey, Richard Vern Lt. – Iola Marie Umphrey (wife), Route 17, Box 1390, Milwaukie, Or.
McCaslin, James Walter Ens. – Mollie McCaslin (mother), Box 471, Chillicothe, Tx.
Banks, Auckland Marston AOM3C – Ethel Elizabeth Banks (mother), 3205 Plymouth Court, Tampa, Fl.
Dillon, O.M. ARM3C – Anna Elizabeth London (mother), 1400 Evans Ave., Fort Worth, Tx.
Murie, Louis Arnold AMM2C – John Murie (father), 73 South Adolph St., Akron, Oh.

______________________________

The three maps below, from Google Maps, show the presumed location of the aircraft’s loss at successively larger scales. 

This map shows the island of Borneo, and the Philippine archipelago.  Though not labeled on this map, Zamboanga, at the southern tip of Mindanao, is about half-way between the Philippine Islands, and the northeast tip of Borneo, at the “boundary” between the Sulu and Celebes Seas.

“Zooming in” more closely.  Zamboanga – labeled on the map – is west-southwest of Davao.

…and even closer, with Zamboanga at the lower center of the map.

______________________________

Since Lockheed’s PV-1 Ventura is presumably vastly less well known than other World War Two aircraft, such as the B-17 Flying Fortress, P-51 Mustang, or Supermarine Spitfire (assuming that there remains room for any kind of historical memory in the Twitterfied, Facebooked, Snapchatized world of 2018…but I digress…or do I?…!), an image of two PV-1s is shown below.  Though these aircraft are serving in VB-135 in the Aleutian Theater of War (not VP-130, in the Western Pacific) the photo is nonetheless a excellent representative image of the general appearance of the PV-1 – per se.  Immediately apparent are the plane’s two Pratt & Whitney radial engines, twin fin and rudder (a la the North American B-25 Mitchell or Handley Page Hampden), dorsal turret mounting twin fifty-calibre Browning machineg guns, two further Browning fifties in the upper nose, and, the two-place cockpit.  Not visible is the plane’s bomb-bay, which was capable of carrying bombs or a torpedo.

The picture is from the Warbird Information Exchange, which website features a series of superb images of American warplanes in the Aleutians.

Venturing a guess, I suppose that the number “10” on the forward and rear fuselage represents the aircraft’s individual squadron identification number, while the “936” on the rear fuselage – probably in white or yellow – may be the last three digits of the aircraft’s Bureau Number.

In any event, it’s an excellent photograph.

______________________________

Hoffman, Harvey S., 1 Lt., 0-1108018
United States Army, 460th Engineer Depot Company
Mrs. Mary K. Hoffman (wife), 45 Tiemann Place, New York, N.Y.
Rhone American Cemetery, Draguignan, France – Plot B, Row 7, Grave 23
American Jews in World War II – 346

Kadison, Saul B., 1 Lt., 0-1304906, Silver Star, Purple Heart
United States Army, 80th Infantry Division, 317th Infantry Regiment
Mrs. Lena Kadison (mother), 1223 Lincoln Place, Brooklyn, N.Y. (Also remembered by “Fae”…)
Luxembourg American Cemetery, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg – Plot E, Row 5, Grave 19
Casualty List 6/10/45
The New York Times Obituary Memorial Section 2/12/46
American Jews in World War II – 353

Kalman, Abraham, Pvt.
1st Czechoslovak Army Corps, Disciplinary Commando
Born Czechoslovakia, Mala Tarna, okres Sevljus; 11/1/19
http://www.army.cz/acr/vuapraha/db/index.php

Laine, Colin, Pvt., 13120129
England, The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment), 2nd Battalion
Mr. and Mrs. Mordecai and Simma Eisland (parents)
Mr. R. Eisland (uncle), New York, N.Y., USA
Born 1923
Taukkyan War Cemetery, Taukkyan, Rangoon, Myanmar – 27,C,11
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 116

Leventon
, Alexandre (AC-21P-75446) (at Mulhouse, Haut-Rhin, France)

France, Armée de Terre, 21eme Régiment d’Infanterie Coloniale
Born Odessa, U.S.S.R., 4/29/21
Place of burial unknown

Libman, Mikhail Aleksandrovich (Либман, Михаил Александрович)
Hero of the Soviet Union
Guards Major [Гвардии Майор], Commander (Artillery) [Командир (Артиллерия)]
U.S.S.R., Red Army, 1st Ukrainian Front, 5th Guards Army, 7th Artillery Corps, 3rd Artillery Division, 637th Light Artillery Regiment, 15th Light Artillery Brigade
(Wounded 9/26/43)
Born 1921, Rostov-on-Don, Rostov Oblast, Soviet Union
Kule Cemetery, Częstochowa, Poland – Grave 21

Libman, Mikhail Aleksandrovich (Wikipedia, at Либман, Михаил Александрович)
Under Fire – 358
Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Volume V – 56

Ozer, Albert Milton, Pvt., 32189224, Purple Heart
United States Army, 34th Infantry Division, 34th Reconnaissance Troop
Mr. and Mrs. Jehile and Anna Ozer (parents), Benjamin and Miriam (brother and sister), 258 Buffalo Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Parents postwar address: 4250 West Flager St., Miami, Fl.
Born 1917
Florence American Cemetery, Florence, Italy – Plot F, Row 3, Grave 28
Casualty List 4/3/45
American Jews in World War II – Not Listed

Raffel, Arthur G., Sgt., 42043388, Purple Heart
United States Army, 94th Infantry Division, 376th Infantry Regiment
Mr. and Mrs. Samuel and Henrietta Raffel (parents), Joseph (brother), 3418 Gates Place, New York, N.Y.
Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Center Moriches, N.Y.; Buried 4/3/49
Casualty List 3/20/45
New York Times Obituary Memorial Section 4/1/49
American Jews in World War II – 409

Robbins, Fred B., T/Sgt., 15104767, Flight Engineer, Air Medal, Purple Heart
United States Army Air Force, 20th Air Force, 6th Bomb Group, 39th Bomb Squadron
Mr. Phil Robbins (uncle), 1901 Alvason St., Cleveland, Oh.
Mrs. Anne C. Robbins (sister-in-law); Florence, PFC Arnold, and David (sister and brothers)
Born 1922
MACR 12049; Aircraft: B-29 42-24842; Pilot: 1 Lt. Bernard A. Casaurang; 11 crewmen – no survivors
Tablets of the Missing at Honolulu Memorial, Honolulu, Hawaii
Cleveland Press & Plain Dealer – 2/28/45, 8/8/45
American Jews in World War II – 497

The Casaurang crew’s Superfortress was not actually lost in combat.  During a sea-search mission, the right wing caught fire after the #4 engine developed mechanical problems.  The bomber crashed into the sea, about 55 miles northwest of the Marianas Islands of Saipan and Tinian.  Other aircraft made extensive searches of the area, but there were no survivors.  

The plane’s crew list is shown below:

______________________________

Rosenheim, Charles Leslie, Major, 172292, Military Cross (in Western Europe)
England, Welch Regiment, 4th Battalion
Mrs. Annelies Rosenheim (wife), Golders Green, Middlesex, England
Wife also at 73 Meadway, London, NW11, England
Mr. and Mrs. Ludwig and Martha Rosenheim (parents), Prestwood, Buckinghamshire, England
Born 1913
Reichswald Forest War Cemetery, Kleve, Germany – 51,F,5
The Jewish Chronicle 2/23/45
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 20, 150
We Will Remember Them (Volume II) – 98

Simpson
, Roger Henry, Major, 160270

England, Royal Artillery, 8th Field Regiment
Mrs. Patricia Simpson (wife), St. Marylebone, London, England
Mr. and Mrs. Emden and Lily (Burton) Simpson (parents)
Born 1912
Taukkyan War Cemetery, Taukkyan, Rangoon, Myanmar – 27,E,16
We Will Remember Them (Volume I) – 162

Tankelis
, Abel Berovich [Танкелис, Абел Берович] Junior Sergeant [Младший Сержант]
U.S.S.R., Red Army, 16th Lithuanian Rifle Division, Army Trophy [captured enemy equipment] Team

Died of wounds at 80th Autonomous Medical Battalion, Priekule, Latvia
Mr. Ber Tankel (father); Miss Mina Berovich (sister)
Born 1920, in Kursk
Possibly brother of Junior Sergeant [Младший Сержант] David Berovich Tankelis [Давид Берович Танкелис], of 249th Rifle Regiment, 16th Lithuanian Rifle Division
Road to Victory – 304 (gives name and rank as “Tankel, Abel”, “Sgt.”)

Servicemen in Polish People’s Army, during “Operation Pomeranian Wall”

Balasz, Rafael, Pvt. (at 2nd Infantry Division Military Hospital)
Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Jozef Balasz (father)
Born Wilczunk (Siedlce), Poland, 1909
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 5

Bluzer, Aleksander, Pvt. (at Field Hospital 5171, Walcz, Poland)
Polish People’s Army
Mr. Jozef Bluzer (father)
Born 1922
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 99

Fuks
, Dawid, Cpl. (at Miroslawiec, Zachodniopomorski, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Markus Fuks (father)
Komarno, Poland 1929 (?)
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 22

Gerszanowicz
, Leon, Sergeant Major (at Rudki, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 6th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Lazarz Gerszanowicz (father)
Lithuania, Ostrowiec (d. Vilna); 1916
Walcz Military Cemetery, Poland
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 98

Hister
, Gecel, Cpl. (at Zabinek, Zachodniopomorski, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Jakub Hister (father)
Radymno (d. Jaroslaw) [Podkarpackie?], Poland, 1919
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 30

Kujawski
, Michal, WO

Polish People’s Army, 1st Infantry Division
Mr. Szlomo Kujawski (father)
Born 1920
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 42

Ligenberg
, Samek, WO (at Zabieniec, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Szmuel Ligenberg (father)
Poland, Mazowieckie, Warsaw; 1923
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 46

Liport
, Ilia, WO (at Zlotow, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 23rd Heavy Artillery Regiment
Mr. Lazar Liport (father)
Odessa Oblast, Odessa; 1922
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 46

Margules
, Zachariasz, Pvt. (at Borujsk, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Hersz Margules (father)
Chelm (d. Lublin) [Lubelskie?], Poland, 1912
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 101

Orlinski
, Aron, Cpl. (at Miroslawiec, Zachodniopomorski, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Szlomo Orlinski (father)
Poland, Podlaskie, Bialystok; 10/25/13
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 52

Pinczewski
, Jozef, First Sergeant (at Miroslawiec, Zachodniopomorski, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Izrael Pinczewski (father)
Poland, Mazowieckie, Warsaw; 12/13/13
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 54 (Also listed as “Piczewski, Josef”, on page 54)

Schiffer Zeglarski
, Jakub, 2 Lt. (at Rudki, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 16th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Jakub Schiffer Zeglarksi (father)
Rudnik near San (d. Nisko), Poland, 7/23/97
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 61

Spiro
, Mojzesz, First Sergeant (at Wloclawek, Kujawsko-Pomorskie, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 3rd Infantry Division, Disciplinary Company
Mr. Jakub Spiro (father)
Gorlice, Malopolskie, Poland, 1909
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 63

Szakies
, Jan, Pvt. (at Borujsk, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Jan Sazkies (father)
Kabosze (d. Braslaw), Poland, 1913
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 98

Szubert
, Kazimierz, WO (at Nowe Laski (Walcz), Zachodniopomorski, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 6th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Ignacy Szubert (father)
Zaluze (d. Zbaraz), Poland, 1921
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 68

Wizner
, Leopold, Pvt. (at Miroslawiec, Zachodniopomorski, Poland)

Polish People’s Army, 5th Infantry Regiment
Mr. Jozef Wizner (father)
Oswiecim, Malopolskie, Poland, 1924
Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Army in World War II (Volume I) – 75

References

Dublin, Louis I., and Kohs, Samuel C., American Jews in World War II – The Story of 550,000 Fighters for Freedom, The Dial Press, New York, N.Y., 1947

Leivers, Dorothy (Editing and Revisions), Road to Victory – Jewish Soldiers of the 16th Lithuanian Division, 1941-1945, Avotaynu, Bergenfield, N.J., 2009

Meirtchak, Benjamin, Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Armies in World War II: I – Jewish Soldiers and Officers of the Polish People’s Army Killed and Missing in Action 1943-1945, World Federation of Jewish Fighters Partisans and Camp Inmates: Association of Jewish War Veterans of the Polish Armies in Israel, Tel Aviv, Israel, 1994

Morris, Henry, Edited by Gerald Smith, We Will Remember Them – A Record of the Jews Who Died in the Armed Forces of the Crown 1939 – 1945, Brassey’s, United Kingdom, London, 1989

Morris, Henry, Edited by Hilary Halter, We Will Remember Them – A Record of the Jews Who Died in the Armed Forces of the Crown 1939 – 1945 – An Addendum, AJEX, United Kingdom, London, 1994

Shapiro, Gershon (Compiler), Under Fire – The Stories of Jewish Heroes of the Soviet Union, Yad Vashem, Jerusalem, 1988

Memorial Book of Jewish Soldiers Who Died in Battles Against Nazism – 1941-1945 – Volume V [Surnames beginning with А (A), Б (B), В (V), Г (G), Д (D), Е (E), Ж (Zh), З (Z), И (I), К (K)], Maryanovskiy, M.F., Pivovarova, N.A., Sobol, I.S. (editors), Union of Jewish War Invalids and Veterans, Moscow, Russia, 1998

1255th Engineer Combat Battalion

1255th Engineer Combat Battalion – Traces of War – Memorial 1255th Engineer Combat Battalion (at Tracesofwar.com)

American War Memorials Overseas – 1255th Combat Engineer Battalion Monument (at uswarmemorials.org)